Tag Archives: Assam

Lachit Borphukan – Bulwark Against the Delhi Sultans

Lachit Borphukan

Courtesy Hindu History Info

Assam was the only State in Bharat which defeated successive attempts at invasion by the Delhi Sultans and the Mughal Emperors. The state survived 17 invasions.  Lachit Borphukan and many other brave kings and generals ensured that the North East of Bharat remained free from the Muslim invasions. Lachit Borphukan was a commander in the Ahom kingdom known for his leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat that thwarted a drawn-out attempt by Mughal forces under the command of Ramsingh I to take back Kamrup.

In the mid 1600s the Mughal Empire was in the noontide of its glory – one of the greatest and largest empires in the world with a power army to match it. By force and conciliation it had overrun a large part of India before their fanatical policies of religious persecution led to a series of uprisings and revolutions that brought the entire empire crashing into the dustbin of history.

Popularly referred to as Momai Tamuli, the first Borbarua and also Commander-in-Chief of Ahom forces during the reign of King Prataapa Singha. Momai Tamuli ensured that his son Lachit was properly educated in the disciplines necessary for nobility. After the completion of his formal education, Lachit was appointed as the scarf bearer of the Ahom Swargadeo, a post equivalent to that of a private secretary.

“Dexotkoi mumai dangor nohoi” – My uncle is not greater than my country

From his father, Lachit had inherited an unwavering sense of duty, involvement and loyalty. He now immersed himself completely in the preparations for the war. He was a harsh taskmaster, but very sincere to his job that he did not hesitate to behead even his uncle, who was found to be negligent on duty during an important situation of the war.

Liberation of Ahom territory

In August 1667, Lachit accompanied by Atan Burhagohain lead the Ahom warriors towards Guwahati. In November 1667, he captured the Itakhuli fort and later drove the Mughal forces beyond Manas after taking the faujdar Firruz Khan as prisoner.

In December 1667, the tyrant Aurangzeb was informed of the defeat of the Mughal forces at the hands of Ahom warriors. He ordered a massive army commanded by Raja Ram Singh to attack and subdue the Ahoms. Aurangzeb added an additional 30,000 infantrymen, 21 Rajput chiefs with their contingents, 18,000 cavalry, 2,000 archers and shielders, and 40 ships to Ram Singh’s forces of 4,000 troopers (from his  char-hazaari mansab), 1,500 ahadis and 500 barqandezes.)

Selection of the Battlefield

Lachit Borphukan anticipated such an move by the Mughals. Therefore, immediately after capturing Guwahati he began strengthening the defenses around the Ahom territory. He used the Brahmaputra as a natural perimeter defense and augmented her banks with stockades and mud embankments. He was fully aware that he did not stand a chance against the Mughal troops on the plains. He cleverly choose the hilly and forested terrain just outside Guwahati as his battleground, were the Ahom warriors had an advantage over the Mughals.

Siege of Guwahati and the Alaboi

Confrontation

The Mughal forces attacked Guwahati in March 1669 and for over a year laid siege to it. During  he entire period, the Mughals could not achieve any breakthrough as the Ahoms had erected secure defences . The unaccustomed terrain and climate also turned against the Mughal forces. The Ahoms had the advantage and were using it fully by conducting guerilla raids against the Mughal troops.

The Mughals tried to sow dissension among the Ahoms through trickery. They shot an arrow into the Ahom camp with a letter addressed to Lachit. In that letter, the Mughals offered to pay Lachit one lakh rupees and urged him to evacuate Guwahati. This incident was informed to the Ahom king, which raised doubts in his mind about the loyalty of Lachit. Atan Burhagohain quelled the king’s doubts about Lachit’s loyalty.

Followed by this the Mughals lured the Ahoms for a confrontation on the plains. The Ahom king urged Lachit to take this up as a challenge. A small force of Mughal troops commanded by Mir Nawab was to engage the Ahom warriors at Alaboi. The Ahoms had made elaborate preparations and concealed their reinforcement in trenches. This helped the Ahoms capture Mir Nawab and rout his troops. The Mughals enraged by this defeat let loose their entire forces on the Ahoms that led to a massacre of 10,000 Ahom warriors.

Lachit withdrew his forces up to the Itakhuli fort after this major setback. While the war was raging on, the Ahom king Chakradhwaja Singha died. He was succeeded by Udayaaditya Singha. Observing that none of the Mughal strategies were successful, Ram Singh offered the Ahoms 300,000 rupees to give up their claim on Guwahati and return to an earlier treaty agreed in 1639. However, this was fiercely opposed by Atan Burhagohain, who raised the suspicion that the tyrannical emperor of Delhi may not abide by this proposal.

Meanwhile, Munnawar Khan, the Mughal admiral joined Ram Singh, with a rebuking message from Aurangzeb to make war with the Ahoms and not friendship. Ram Singh was now forced to move in full strength against the Ahoms. He was informed of a breach in the embankment near Andharubali. At this time, Lachit was down with severe illness and could not actively oversee the battle preparations.

Snatching Victory from Defeat

Lachit leading his troops

Lachit leading his troops

The Ahom army was demoralized after their defeat at the hands of the Mughals in the previous battle at Alaboi. When they saw the huge enemy boats looming nearer, they were devastated and were on the brink of deserting and fleeing the scene. Sensing this, Lachit immediately ordered a flotilla of seven boats to be prepared for him and forced himself from the sickbed and on to the boats. He firmly stated that regardless of what happens, he will never desert his country. Seeing their general back on foot and hearing his words gave the Ahoms a big morale boost. All soldiers rushed to Lachit’s side and their numbers swelled immediately.

The Ahoms launched their small boats and Lachit led them to a head on confrontation with the Mughals in the middle of the river. The smaller Ahom boats had greater maneuverability as opposed to the large Mughal vessels. The Mughal boats were stuck in the water unable to navigate efficiently. In a closely fought battle, the Mughals were decisively defeated. The Mughal admiral Munnawar Khan was killed in battle. Many of the Mughal commanders and numerous troops were also killed.

The Ahoms chased the Mughals upto the Manas, which was the western boundary of the Ahom. Lachit also instructed his troops to be always alert for counterattacks from the Mughals. All these events are presumed to have taken place in the month of March in the year 1671.

Though Lachit emerged victorious in the war against the Mughals and restored the glory and dignity of Ahoms, the strains of war had taken their toll on him. He never recovered from his illness and died an year later in April 1672.

Legacy

Lachit Memorial at Naval Defence Academy

Lachit Memorial at Naval Defence Academy

He was put to rest at the Lachit Maidan built by the King Udayaditya Singh at   Hoolungapara in 1672. His statue was unveiled at the National Defense Academy at Khadakwasla in 2000 by then Governor of Assam, Lt. Gen. S K Sinha. Every year the best cadet passing out of the Academy is awarded the Lachit Medal . Nov 24th is commemorated as Lachit Divas in remembrance of this heroic son of Maa Bharati.

Source material & References  –

a.  Yuva bharati magazine – April 2011

b. Assam Info website

c. Sitaram Goel

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The Radicals Have spoken clearly on Assam. Is the Nation Hearing ?

Speaking on the Assam issue on 8th August 2012 , Mr.Asaduddin Owasi, the MP from Hyderabad belonging to MIM ( Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen) said

“Lastly, I warn the Central Government; I warn the hon. Members over here. ¦ (
Interruptions) If proper rehabilitation does not take place, you be ready for a third wave of radicalization among Muslim youth. ¦ (Interruptions) You are not bringing it to the notice. … (Interruptions) I am bringing it to your notice. … (Interruptions)” 
Full text of discussion in parliament can be looked at
Point # 1 that the nation must note is 
Mr.Owaisi is clear that the Muslims are one community irrespective of the country to which they belong. Therefore, even when the Bodos are actually fighting the Bangladeshi infiltrators ( which the state must be doing ), his sympathy lies with the Muslims over the Bodos. No matter to him that the Bodos belong to Bharat and the Muslims in question here are from Bangladesh. It also does not matter to him that Hindus also are languising in rehabilation camps.
Point # 2 :
He says that this will lead to the 3rd radicalization of the Muslims. I guess by this he means, after Ayodhya in 1992 and Gujarath in 2002. The history over the world shows that Muslims esp in India do not need any particular reason to get radicalized. Because of their concept of Jehad, the Ummah and Jannat, it is easy for the recruiters of Jehadis to get recruits by showcasing any problem across the world as an issue of Islam. For example, they recruited people over the Khalifa during Khilafat, on the Iraq issue when Saddam was attacked, they recruited when Osama was attacked and many many more such incidents which lead to recruitment and radicalization.
Will the country ask Mr.Owaisi what makes the Muslim youth so prone to radicalization ?  Why is it that the Hindu victims like the Kashmiri Pandits, the victims of partition, the Hindu victims of Pakistan and Bangladesh, the family members of riot victims in so many parts across the country don’t get radicalized while it is so easy for the Muslims to get radicalized ?
Point # 3 –
As if taking the cue from Mr.Owaisi ( or orchestrated events by bigger powers that Owaisi), the Muslims took out protests in Hyderabad, Mumbai and other parts of the country which “suddenly” got violent. It is another matter that the “peaceful” protesters were armed with petrol bombs and other armaments.
As per reports, in Madhapur at Hyderabad, a goonda by name Momin with his gang has gone about threatening Assamese & others from North East to vacate Hyderabad before 20th August 2012 or face death. This is on the lines of the warnings given to the Pandits in Kashmir valley during the 90’s.
Today’s reports suggest that Assamese in Bengaluru have also been asked to vacate.
Thousands of Hindus who hail from Assam and other parts of North East have evacuated these cities and are moving back to their home. Is this the security that the nation-state is going to give to its citizens ? The only source of support to the Assamese seem to be the swayamsevaks who are offering support and solace to them.
Is the country going to be taken to ransom to the radicalization call and warnings of these goons. It must be remembered that whenever the state fails in its duty of protection, the people would be forced to take their own measures for protection of their folk.
Owaisi is a Parliamentarian who has sworn by the Indian constitution. What are the measures he is taking to arrest these radicals rather than succumbing to them ?  Is he a member of Parliament of only Muslims Or a Member of Parliament of India ?
Mr. Owaisi and his folk are clear. Is the nation willing to hear the import of these words and actions ?
Arise Bharat !

Inflitrators fuel tension in Assam

It is a known fact that the GOI has deliberately slept over the inflitration issue in Assam. The Supreme court’s directive to the GOI to act on this issue has fallen on deaf ears. Readers are aware that the Congress government in the past had pushed for the IMDT Act in Assam. Under this act, if a person complaints that xyz is an illegal migrant, the onus of proving that he is indeed an illegal migrant falls on the person who has filed the complaint. In other parts of the country, the onus is on the accused to prove that he is not an infiltrator but a genuine citizen of Bharat.

This is dirty votebank politics played by the Congress government for the votes of the Bangladeshi infiltrators. This has lead to an unprecedented situation where the people who have illegal entered the country are determining the politics of the state and the nearby states as well.

The recent violence is a case in point that we are sitting on a live bomb that is ticking….the Government needs to act.

Pl find below a few reports on the situation in Assam :

http://sevensisterspost.com/?p=26050#

Meghalaya Governor Sri Ranjit Sekhar Mooshahary puts the blame on Assam government for not acting in time with regards to the illegal migration.

http://sevensisterspost.com/?p=26047#

Post Bureau, Guwahati (July 24): Bodoland Territorial Council chief Hagrama Mohilary has demanded immediate sealing of the Indo-Bangladesh border, alleging that Bangladeshi nationals were sneaking into the state and fomenting trouble.

He said that there are reports from indigenous Muslim people that some foreign elements are instigating the local people to indulge in violence in Kokrajhar district.

“The people in BTC, particularly the Muslims, are industrious people who have been living in peace with us since many years. There was no disharmony before. But local Muslims have informed that people from outside, particularly the neighbouring country, have entered the area and are instigating the local people,” Mohilary alleged.

http://www.sentinelassam.com/editorial/story.php?sec=3&subsec=0&id=125773&dtP=2012-07-25&ppr=1

A Time to Heed Reason
The last four days of mob violence in Kokrajhar district (that has also spread to Dhubri) is indeed most unfortunate for a plural society that has become an even more complex conglomeration after the demographic changes in Assam wrought by our politicians over the last three decades. The death toll rose to 20 on Monday with allegations of policemen in one of the police stations just looking on as four persons were lynched to death by a mob. The riots have led to large-scale arson, thereby forcing thousands of people to flee their homes and take shelter in relief camps in and around Kokrajhar. The number of people in relief camps that was about 40,000 on Sunday has gone up to well over 50,000 and could rise even further in the coming days unless very firm measures are initiated by the administration to control the riots. Shoot-at-sight orders have been issued in Kokrajhar and curfew has been clamped on neighbouring areas of the riot-hit districts. The Centre has stepped in to assist the State administration by sending 14 more companies (about 1,750 personnel) of the CRPF to control the situation. What is indeed saddening is that we should have had a repetition of the violence resulting from ethnic cleansing that had rocked Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon soon after the Assembly elections of 1996, resulting in the setting up of relief camps that had to be sustained for many years. There is no way of predicting at this point as to how long the newly created relief camps will have to be sustained in the interests of the personal security of thousands of people. Such things are a major slur on any civilized society and its government.Politicians who are directly or indirectly responsible for creating bizarre demographic changes in any State, should stop to think of not just their own electoral equations, but also of the traumatic effects of such changes on the lives of innocent people. In the last three decades, we have been witness to a callous indifference to the disasters that have overtaken people as a result of the actions of politicians directed solely at electoral gains even with the help of foreign nationals. At this point, any objective and dispassionate penal action against rioters would seem to be quite impossible because of their electoral clout and the inability of the government to  punish wrongdoing on the part of the so-called minorities who are actually in a majority in several of the districts of Assam.

We are in a situation where the only solution for the plural society of Assam is to achieve a certain level of harmony and a will to coexist in amity even amid the demographic chaos created by our politicians for their electoral gains. The bottom line of the present equation is that people must survive and exist even in the most adverse situations created by our politicians for their own electoral gains. People must begin to realize that violence and killing and ethnic cleansing have no place in the society that we find ourselves in and one that we will have to sustain willy-nilly for our survival and our future. The man in the street does not have the advantage that politicians do. He cannot just decide one fine morning to migrate to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata or Bangalore because foreign nationals welcomed by politicians have turned the indigenous population into an insignificant minority. The need of the hour, therefore, is the realization of how important amity, goodwill and harmony are to our plural society as it exists today. This is something that the ‘minorities’ (that are, in fact, the majority in several districts) as well as the other ethnic groups must appreciate if we are to talk about and dream about development of a society that has already fallen far back in the race of development.

http://www.sentinelassam.com/mainnews/story.php?sec=1&subsec=0&id=125795&dtP=2012-07-25&ppr=1

Muslim Voter Inflation in Assam: Are illegal infiltrated Bangladeshis being legalised?

Source : NewsBharati & India Behind the Lens

Guwahati : The final electoral roll published by the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Friday has revealed that there is an increase of voters in the religious minority (Muslims) dominated areas of the State. It is interesting to observe that, the Muslim dominated Barpeta district in Assam has seen highest 4.97 per cent increase in voters in the State, which is highest in the State.

In Barpeta district, Baghpor Assembly Constituency witnessed 8.65 per cent increase in the number of voters compared to the draft electoral roll.

The final electoral roll published by the Election Commission of India (ECI) on Friday has revealed this interesting fact relating to the number of voters in Assam.

Assam’s electoral roll showing voters inflation signals. According to the final electoral roll, the total number of voters in Assam is 1,85, 62145.� Out of which 9593899 are males and 8968246 are females. As per the draft electoral roll, the number of total voters in the State is 1,81,60423.

The total number of voters increased in the final electoral roll is 401722 and the increase is 2.21 per cent in comparison to the draft electoral roll.

Other Assembly constituencies in Barpeta district like Jonia, Barpeta, Sarukhetri, Chenga, Bhabanipur and Patacharkuchi have witnessed rise in numbers of voters at the rates of 7.63 per cent, 6.41 per cent, 4.68 per cent, 4.43 per cent, 4.70 per cent, 1.64 per cent and 1.36 per cent respectively.

Assembly Constituency wise, Majuli, the world’s largest river island in Jorhat district, has recorded 2.15 per cent decrease in number of voters, which is the lowest in the State.

It is also interesting that the Sivasagar district, land of the indigenous Assamese (Hindu) population, has seen the decrease in number of voters in the final electoral roll. The percentage of decrease in voters in Sivasagar district is also the lowest in Assam.

According to the final electoral roll, there is 0.13 per overall decrease in the number of voters in Sivasagar district – minus 1.76 per cent in Sivasagar Assembly Constituency, minus 0.56 per cent in Thowra, minus 0.16 per cent in Amguri, 0.71 per cent in Nazira, 0.68 per cent in Mahmara and 0.39 per cent in Sonari.

assam-political-map_IBTL

Besides Sivasagar, other districts of Assam have witnessed increase in the number of voters. There is 2.58 per cent increase in voters in Cachar district, 2.89 per cent in Karimganj district, 3.38 per cent in Hailakandi district, 1.12 per cent in Dima Hasao district, 2.21 per cent in Diphu, 2.91 per cent in Dhubri district, 2.61 per cent in Kokrajhar district, 2.89 per cent in Bongaigaon district, 4.24 per cent in Goalpara district, 2.34 per cent in Kamrup (rural) district, 1.75 per cent in Kamrup (metro) district and 1.37 per cent in Nalbari district.

The districts of Udalguri, Darrang, Sonitpur, Morigaon, Nagaon, Golaghat, Jorhat, Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh and Tinsukiahave also witnessed rise in number of voters at the rates of 1.82 per cent, 2.44 per cent, 1.43 per cent, 1.78 per cent, 2.38 per cent, 1.38 per cent, 0.25 per cent, 2.97 per cent, 1.78 per cent, 1.08 per cent and 1.69 per cent respectively.

The provisional 2011 Census report for the state released in March 2011 had stated Assam’s population is now 3,11,69,272 registering an increase of 45,13,744 in the last 10 years. The population growth in the state during 1991-2001 was 18.92 per cent, according to the report. The 2001-11 decadel increase has been 16.93 per cent.

It is noteworthy that the highest growth of population at 24.40 per cent was inDhubri district bordering Bangladesh.

Last year the BJP had raised the issue of abnormal rise in the number of voters in Assam in the 2010 electoral rolls to the Chief Election commissioner. It was argued that while the rise in voters at the national level is 1.6 per cent, it is 16 per cent in Assam. BJP had demanded to delete the names of illegal Bangladeshis from the voters list of Assam, to prepare a correct voters list before the 2011 Assembly election in Assam.

In 2011 polls, the Congress registered an unexpectedly huge victory by winning 78 of 126 seats of Assam Assembly. Tarun Gogoi has returned to power for his third consecutive term.

It was said that the poll outcome must primarily be attributed to the Muslim-backed AIUDF succeeded in doubling its strength from 9 to 18. The AIUDF gained overwhelmingly in the immigrant Muslim dominated areas of lower Assam where the party’s strength grew from 3 in 2006 to 13 in 2011.

Now, the question that has to be asked is what are very the reasons in the increase of voters in the religious minority (Muslims) dominated areas of the State and also how Muslim dominated Barpeta district in Assam has seen highest 4.97 per cent increase in voters.

In this spectrum, the report on ‘Illegal Migration into Assam’ prepared by General S K Sinha in year 2008 throws light on this issue. The report states that, “The dangerous consequences of large scale illegal migration from Bangladesh, both for the people of Assam and more for the Nation as a whole, need to be emphatically stressed. No misconceived and mistaken notions of secularism should be allowed to come in the way of doing so. As a result of population movement from Bangladesh, the spectre looms large of the indigenous people of Assam being reduced to a minority in their home State. Their cultural survival will be in jeopardy, their political control will be weakened and their employment opportunities will be undermined.”

He reports further comments, “The silent and invidious demographic invasion of Assam may result in the loss of the geostrategically vital districts of Lower Assam. The influx of these illegal migrants is turning these districts into a Muslim majority region”.

The rise in voter percentage in Assam, especially of Muslims, suggests that the comments made by Gen. S K Sinha is becoming a reality in Assam.

The report further comments that, “It will then only be a matter of time when a demand for their merger with Bangladesh may be made. The rapid growth of international Islamic fundamentalism may provide the driving force for this demand. In this context, it is pertinent that Bangladesh has long discarded secularism and has chosen to become an Islamic State. Loss of Lower Assam will sever the entire land mass of the North East, from the rest of India and the rich natural resources of that region will be lost to the Nation.”

Muslim population of Assam has shown a rise of 77.42% in 1991 from what it was in 1971. Hindu population has risen by nearly 41.89% in this period.

Muslim population in Assam has risen from 24.68% in 1951 to 28.42% in 1991. As per 1991 census, four districts (Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta and Hailakandi) have become Muslim majority districts. Two more districts (Nowgaon and Karimganj) should have become so by 1998 and one district (Morigaon) is fast approaching this population.

Gen S K Sinha has also revealed that it is also Pakistan’s ISI has been active in Bangladesh supporting militant movements in Assam. Muslim militant organisations have mushroomed in Assam and there are reports of some 50 Assamese Muslim youth having gone for training to Afghanistan and Kashmir.

It seems that the much debated trend in Assam, of ‘First rise in Muslim population by infiltration from Bangladesh and then convert them into Voters (legal Citizen of India and politically strong minority)’, is coming into reality and taking a larger turn now.

Whether this reality will be instrumental in direct or indirect assault on the national, cultural and demographic integrity structure of India, is the question that needs to be discussed right now!

http://www.ibtl.in/news/international/1671/muslim-voter-inflation-in-assam:-are-illegal-infiltrated-bangladeshis-being-legalised-

Conversion bid by Armed Christians resented

Now if there is protest here, it would be termed by the media “as an assault by Hindu extremists on minorities” !!!

Ayush
Conversion bid by armed men resented
June 22, 2009
http://www.assamtri bune.com/ scripts/details. asp?id=jun2309/ State3

*Bhuvan Pahar*, one of the most holy places in south Assam, particularly in Barak Valley, 38 km from Silchar town, has come under the threat of miscreants. Gun-totting members of a newly formed militant group, named
Manmasi National Christian Army, comprising 15 rebels, has been forcing the residents of Bhuban Pahar under the threat of gun to convert to Christianity.

This information was forwarded to Sonai Police which along with the 5th Assam Rifles conducted a search eration which led to the arrest of 13 miscreants, including their commander-in- chief. Two SBBL guns and a country-made pistol along with sufficient quantity of ammunition were seized from their possession. All the miscreants were handed over to Sonai Police for further investigation.

This group of miscreants, dressed in black with a red cross on their back, along with arms, enter from Tipaimukh hrough Barak river by boat and mount Bhuvan Pahar. They threatened and asked the Hindu people of Tezpur
village, including the priest of this famous Hindu temple, to convert into Christianity.

The problem there began when some Hmar miscreants stated themselves to be members of Manmasi National Christian Army and had started putting pressure
on the Hindu residents of Bhuvan Pahar to become Christians. The local residents also said that Manmasi National Christian Army cadres had painted
cross symbol on the walls of the temples with their blood.

Sources said, the pressure from the Hmar militants began at least two months back when the Congress, led by Lalthanhwala, acquired power in the neighboring State of Mizoram.
At least seven to eight Hmar youths were frequently visiting Bhuvan Pahar,which had nearly 700 Hindu people as well as eight Hindu temples. These Hmar youths approached with gun in one hand and the Bible in the other.
Sources said that the Hmar youths had a meeting with the villagers in Tezpur village on the Bhuvan Pahar and distributed Bible among the villagers. They had even built up a church in Tezpur village.

Meanwhile, Rajkumar, priest of Naga mandir on Bhuvan Pahar, told VHP members that he was forced by the Hmars to show them the tracks on the Pahar at gunpoint. Further, the Hmars posted a flag, a tabloid and a Holy Cross on the wall of one of the temples bearing date May 29, 2009.
VHP leaders were shown the video footage containing the Hindu temples which had blood-stained Holy Cross symbol. A local resident of the area said that pilgrims from various parts of the country had been visiting Bhuvan Pahar
since 1816, but now Christians were forcing the Hindus to convert. These Hmar youths come from Mizoram and they have powerful patrons behind them.
The VHP had asked the administration to arrange for security of the Hindu temples, priests as well as the Hindu residents there