APRIL 13 – Atmanirikshan Divas
Exactly 100years back on this very day more than 1000 innocent, unarmed men, women and children were brutally massacred.
1650 rounds were fired at them but many died in miserable pain just lying on the ground as their families were not given permission to pick up their bodies and the Government hospital run by Lt Colonel Smith turned the injured away calling them “rabid dogs.”
April 13, 1919 is a day no Bharatiya should forget. This was the day when the “Butcher of Amritsar” Brigadier General Reginald Dyer unleashed his barbarism on us Bharatiya.
Let us all pay homage to those martyrs.
Let us also ask how did a handful of people from far off lands and a little history (relative to Bharat’s over 8000years old) bleed us for almost 1000years?
How did the Hindu civilisation – which was born on the banks of Sindhu and Saraswati rivers (Indus valley, Pakistan), spread right from Gandhar (Kandahar, Afghanistan) to Kamboj (Cambodia), including Singapore,
Indonesia, Brunei and culturally dominating China and Japan (through Buddhism) – shrink so rapidly?
World’s oldest universities which attracted students from across the world, just like today’s American universities do, were from Bharat – Takshashila (today Pakistan) and Nalanda (Bihar). These two universities imparted education for free including stay and food. How did we lose this pioneering status in the field of education?
How did Alexander, Ghouris, Ghaznis, Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Mughals, Dutch, Portuguese, British and their ‘agents’ manage to unleash their brutality on us repeatedly?
Does the challenge lie within us Bharatiya? Does this call for introspection?
Should we observe April 13
as “Atmanirikshan Divas” or Introspection Day?
Leave you to decide.
Some facts on Jalianwala Baug massacre
Date – April 13, 1919*
Day – Festival of Baisakhi
Rounds fired – 1650
Innocent, unarmed dead – more than 1000 (Source: renowned educationist Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya who was Congress Party President for 4 terms)
Age of youngest shot dead: Seven-month baby
Age of oldest shot dead: 80years old
Brigadier General Reginald Dyer’s reaction after all the ammunition (1650 rounds) was over – “Good shooting. We have done a jolly good thing.” (Source: Midnight’s Children a novel by Salman Rushdie page 36)
The reaction of Lt Colonel Smith, Government Doctor – turned away the injured from the government hospital and called them “rabid dogs”
The reaction of Rudyard Kipling (Jungle Book fame) – Gen Dyer was “the man who saved India”
Reaction to a massacre in Britain – “Thanks to the munificence of Morning Post newspaper, a conservative pro-Imperialistic newspaper, which later merged with the Daily Telegraph. To raise funds for the hero of Jallianwalla Bagh, the celebrated newspaper made an appeal for a generous donation from the public, eventually, they received enough funds. Gen. Dyer was given warm reception on his return to England, where he was received like a victorious war hero and awarded a purse of £26,000.00 (approximately £1,000,000 in terms of 2013 PPP) for his patriotic service to the nation” (Source: The Butcher of Amritsar, General Reginald Dyer by Nigel Collett)
August 15, 1947 – “When the British hastily retreated in 1947, their rapacious administrators were replaced by a class of Indians derisively described as Macaulayites – Indians only in name but who were otherwise disconnected from Indian culture and thought. These Indians had inherited all the biases that the British rulers harboured towards Indians. They were the product of Thomas Macaulay’s English Education Act of 1835 whose sole purpose was to create a class of people who would assist the British in administering India.” (Source: Rakesh Krishnan Simha, Demography – Persecution and Proselytisation)