Tag Archives: Greek invasion of India

Distorted History of Alexander’s Victory over Porus

Indian text books, it seems are written with the sole purpose of ensuring that Indians remain a diffident  race and forever look upto the foreigners as their source of strength and succour. Historians owing their allegiance outside of Bharat have been involved in writing history books which present distorted versions so as to show that we are a race of losers.  Unfortunately, post-Independence we had a Prime Minister and an Education Minister who were both convinced that Bharat’s past had nothing inspirational to offer.

Strabo, the Greek historian wrote: “Generally speaking, the men who have written on the affairs of India were a set of liars…Of this we became the more convinced whilst writing the history of Alexander.”

Charles Le Brun Alexander and Porus (1673). Source: wikipedia.org

Charles Le Brun Alexander and Porus (1673). Source: wikipedia.org

The articles below by Sri Rakesh Krishnan Simha must be read by all the youth of Bharat and pressure must be built on the government to take up re-writing of history to infuse patriotism and pride among the youth.

Marshal Zhukov on Alexander’s failed India invasion

and

Alexander vs Porus: Beyond the fog of war

A short Summary :Alexander’s invasion of India is regarded as a huge Western victory against the disorganised East. But according to Marshal Gregory Zhukov, the largely Macedonian army suffered a fate worse than Napoleon in Russia .

In 326 BCE a formidable European army invaded India. Led by Alexander of Macedon it comprised battle hardened Macedonian soldiers, Greek cavalry, Balkan fighters and Persians allies. The total number of fighting men numbered more than 41,000.

Their most memorable clash was at the Battle of Hydaspes (Jhelum) against the army of Porus, the ruler of the Paurava kingdom of western Punjab. For more than 25 centuries it was believed that Alexander’s forces defeated the Indians. Greek and Roman accounts say the Indians were bested by the superior courage and stature of the Macedonians.

Two millennia later, British historians latched on to the Alexander legend and described the campaign as the triumph of the organised West against the chaotic East. Although Alexander defeated only a few minor kingdoms in India’s northwest, in the view of many gleeful colonial writers the conquest of India was complete.

In reality much of the country was not even known to the Greeks. So handing victory to Alexander is like describing Hitler as the conqueror of Russia because the Germans advanced up to Stalingrad.

In 1957, while addressing the cadets of the Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dun, Zhukov said Alexander’s actions after the Battle of Hydaspes suggest he had suffered an outright defeat. In Zhukov’s view, Alexander had suffered a greater setback in India than Napoleon in Russia.