Tag Archives: Guru Golwalkar



  • By M.S.Golwalkar ( Guruji Golwalkar ) 


This is an invaluable discourse delivered by the late Shri Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar, the second Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangha, who we affectionately know as Shri Guruji.

Many Swayamsevaks introduce themselves by saying, “I am an Ordinary Swayamsevek.” Taking clue from this type of introduction, Shri Guruji has ably elaborated all salient features of the R.S.S. in this small discourse.

Narrating many events from the life of Dr. Hedgewar, the founder Sarsanghchalak of the R.S.S., Shri Guruji has explained in a very simple, lucid and organised style as to how a Swayamsevak should conduct himself in society, how to run the Sangh shakha, how to Interweave relation between the Shakha and the people living around it. He has also explained, in detail, why our character should be spotlessly clean and how our behaviour be loving and full of affection.

Ordinary Swayamsevak of the R. S. S. is not “ordinary” in the sense he describes himself to be. There is an altogether distinct “extraordinariness” in him. It is that extraordinariness of which he is not even aware, leave alone being proud of it. But Shri Guruji says that it is a matter of prestige to be an ordinary Swayamsevak. No other thing can be more respectable and prestigious than this. Post and power are merely the system peculiarities. Where as to be a Swayamasevak is its very foundation.

This discourse contains one more fundamental aspect. That is: we have to organise the entire Hindu society. Establishing small organisation within the Hindu society is not our objective. But our target is to organise the Hindu society in its entirety. Therefore we must have a total picture of society in our view. It is not that each and every individual of the society will attend the Shakha. But we must see to it that all those who dwell in cities, villages and in forests are considered as our brothers; that we maintain continuous and live relations with them, and that these relations be cordial, friendly, sportive as well as full of mutual trust and co-operation. Shri Guruji says, ” There must be sufficient number of branches, spread all over the nation, functioning continuously and having necessary number of Swayamsevaks in them for achieving this purpose” This responsibility rests with ordinary Swayammsevaks and it is a life-long mission. According to Shri Guruji such an ordinary Swayamsevak enjoys unusual and exceptional high esteem. It is even more true now than it was at that time. The Sangh is known to the people more by its ordinary Swayamsevaks than by its philosophy, well-disciplined programmes or its route-marches. Most effective and best means of identifying the R.S.S. is its Swayamsevak and his conduct. If at all the form and character of the Sangh has to have proper influence on society, it could only be through the behaviour of an ordinary Swayamsevak. It is post of such an immense responsibility. Shri Guruji expects that every Swayamsevak should understand this responsibility. This itself is a master key to understand the extraordinariness of an ordinary. I have no doubt that this discourse will help all Swayamsevaks to Introspect.



During my tours, while talking to the Swayamsevaks, I generally ask them to introduce themselves. In reply, many of them say, “I am an ordinary Swayamsevak.” Vary often, the intention behind saying so is that they do not have any specific organizational responsibility of the Sangh activities. It looks as though their responsibility is to conduct themselves in such a way that their Mukhya Shikshak or Shikshak would be required to undertake special efforts for them. For example, they would remain absent for the Shakha so that these office bearers would come to their house and would call them! So, the Implied meaning is that, as though, it is their responsibility to give those office-bearers an opportunity to do their job more effectively!

“Swayamsevak” : A Matter of Pride :

Now, the term “Ordinary Swayamsevak” is very meaningful because all of us are ordinary Swayamsevaks. Who possesses extra-ordinariness amongst us? People call me the chief of the R.S.S. What sort of uncommonness or extra-ordinariness do I possess? It is true, I have a well grown beard. But if you don”t shave everyday, your beard would also grow! What is extra¬ordinary about it?   I know many of us present here are doing various experiments in this regard! But from that point of view also, there is nothing particular about me.

I recollect an old episode. It is about the founding father of the R.S.S. Once he appealed to his Swayamsevak brethren: “Please develop some one to take up the responsibility of the Sarsanghachalak so that I can hand over this responsibility to him and exert myself as an ordinary Swayamsevak. I have some ideas of how an ordinary Swayamsevak should be. I have some hopes and aspirations from him. I would like to conduct myself accordingly and set an example before my Swayamsevak-brothers working with me”. It means, he aspired to become an ordinary Swayamsevak. But the circumstances did not allow him to do so. He was constrained to continue as the chief of the R.S.S. The question is, why did he aspire to be so? What made him think like that? The only answer is, it is a matter of great pride and prestige in our organization to be an ordinary Swayamsevak.

Time and again, I have to move in the society and undertake journeys across the country for the organizational work. During my travel, if somebody asks me, “What do you consider as the most prestigious thing in your life that you would be proud of?” Then I would like say, “Being an ordinary Swayamsevak of R.S.S.” There cannot be any greater thing to be proud of. I am educated and have earned some degrees. I have taught some people and delivered speeches at many places. Some people come and garland me, some of them even prostrate before me. I receive more namaskars perhaps because of my ascetic dress! But none of these things gives me any sense of elation. Many great people come and meet me.  They include foreigners also.  Many holy saints and sanyasins in the field of religion meet me. I always cherish their blessings. Politicians and educationists also come and meet me. They place various problems before me and seek my advice. It cannot be denied that all those things are capable of invoking a sense of pride in the heart. But I have never considered them as worthy of pride. The only thing worthy of pride is, “Due to divine coincidence, I have been a Sangh Swayamsevak.”

So, it is needless to say that no other thing is more respectable and loftier than being a Swayamsevak. If it is so, you may think, what about all those office-bearers ranging from the Sarsanghachalak to a Gatnayak? We have evolved a system for the conduct of our activities, since no organization can function without a system. And as we have to run the organization, we have devised a system. As a Swayamsevak, every one of us has been assigned a specific responsibility within the wider framework of that system. So, he is a Swayamsevak having a responsibility assigned to him. But all the same, the most important and pride-worthy thing in his life is the fact that he is basically a Swayamsevak, irrespective of whatever office he is holding within the system.

So, when I say I am an ordinary Swayamsevak, I must bear in my mind the sense of responsibility associated with it. It is really a great responsibility. Society is also watching us as a Swayamsevak. People have great many expectations from us. We also think that they should have those expectations from us and by fulfilling them, we should be able to live up to their expectations and prove to be worthy of them.

Minimum Shakha Systems :

So, what are the things in general that we as Swayamsevaks should pay attention to? Let us first think about the Shakha.

1)Shakha should be held everyday.2) It must be held on time.3) A variety of programmes should be conducted in the Shakha.4) An atmosphere of sportsman-spirit, love, affection and purity should prevail among all the Swayamsevaks.5) We must develop the urge and desire in our heart to become clearer and stronger in our goal-realization through the process of discussion and deliberation among ourselves.6) We must pronounce our Prayer correctly, collectively and with all solemnity, faith and  understanding.7) Our holy Flag is a symbol of whatever is of utmost purity for us. We must salute it collectively and with all modesty.8) Sit together for sometime and discuss various matters. Find out as to who have not attended the Shakha that day and try to meet them before the next day.

All these are routine matters related to our daily Sangh Shakha, in which every Swayamsevak is expected to fully take part.

Responsibilities of a Swayamsevak:

1) What are the other do”s for the Swayamsevak? If any Shakha is to be held regularly and on time, one must start from his house or wherever he is, sufficiently in advance and reach the scheduled place of the Shakha at least a couple of minutes before time. Nobody should wait for somebody to come to take him to his Shakha. Perhaps somebody may come and call us as a matter of his duty. But it is not fair on our part to wait at home so that the caller is give an opportunity to perform his duty! This is the first lesson that all of us must bear in mind.

2)Then, one must think that he is the person who is interested in organizing the people, and not living in solitude. Then why should he not call all those Swayamsevaks staying nearby while going to the Shakha? It is just a matter of friendship. Is it necessary that one should have some specific responsibility for doing this simple thing? Is it necessary to be either a Mukhya Shishak or a Shikshak for doing the same? It is just a matter of true friendship that whenever any one goes for doing any good work,he urges his friends also to accompany him. One should reach the Shakha in a happy and gay mood, calling and accompanied by all those brother Swayamsevaks staying near his house or on his way. And this must happen in a very natural manner.

3)Then, all programmes on the Sanghasthan should be conducted with full involvement and discipline of all Swayamsevaks and abiding by the stipulated rules and regulations. One should not get upset even if one has to over-exert himself for the same. Our programmes are meant for exertion only. By developing the habit of doing hard work alone, one can increase his capacity to undertake bigger tasks and complete them in a thorough manner. All our programmes are arranged from this point of view. Therefore, one must do them with the best of care and efforts.   It must be borne in mind that all these programmes carry manifold purpose with them. They create a spirit of fearlessness, self-confidence and valour in our mind; they weave us all in a common thread of discipline and make us realise within our heart and that we are an integral part of the Divine Power, manifested in the form of our Organisation. Therefore, we must study and practice all these programmes in the best possible manner.

4) Why should one feel like running away to home hurriedly and immediately after Prarthana, Dhwaja Pranam, Dhwajavataran and the dispersal order ‘Vikir’? In fact, one should not. If anyone is desirous of going away early or wandering elsewhere, It would only mean that he has developed a wrong tendency to “escape”, that he attended the Shakha unwillingly or under compulsion. Nobody attends Shakha under anybody”s pressure. No one should. It is always emphasised that one goes there voluntarily. If it is so, why should any one think of running away? One should feel like lingering there for some more time. All of us are bosom friends. Let us sit or stand together and chat for a while. Two things must be covered in our informal chat:

a) All those who attend Shakha regularly are our fellow brothers. We must collect information about those who attended and also about those who have not attended. It must be inquired as to why they did not attend,

b) Let us go to all those who did not attend the Shakha on that day and enquire why they could not come. Let us go in small groups and meet them. If they have any problems, let us think whether or not we can help them, solve them. If there is no problem as such, we must convince them in gentle terms that it is not fair to remain absent without proper reason.  They should be persuaded to the extent that they would take sufficient care not to miss the Shakha from the next day onwards.

Intellectual And Emotional Equipment

This is our minimum daily routine. As an ordinary Swayamsevak we must do all these things. We must also recapitulate some or other aspect of our goal and the sanctity of our motherland. Of course, this process has to be continued through several other supporting intellectual programmes after the Shakha-hour. Let us recall innumerable sacred places scattered all over Bharat, from the Himalayas to the seashore in the South. Some glorious aspects of our history or some great event stand behind every one of them. There are many historical places all around; let us recall them. Every historical place is associated with one or the other characteristics of some one or the other great man; let us remember them. Let us think collectively over the qualities reflected in that great man and ask ourselves whether or not those qualities are inculcated in us. Do we make efforts to develop those qualities within us? Do we just recall the name of Shivaji for name-sake? Now-a-day a great many people refer to the name of Shivaji with or without reason. Instead of that, his virtues must be imbibed within us. When we remember the name of Shivaji, a radiant and inspiring personality stands before our mind”s eye. His is an all Bharat figure symbolising the fiery spirit of freedom. He was an exceptionally great warrior who undertook the noble task of founding once again a prosperous, Dharma-based holy kingdom of Hindu prowess in Bharat. He was a man of high moral conduct and a versatile genius. His personality was extremely pure and full of national spirit. Do we assimilate these qualities within us? In this way, thinking about each and every great person, we should introspect what efforts have we made to develop our own qualities? If we have any undesirable traits within us, what efforts have we made to shed them off? Let us ponder over such matters, individually as well as collectively.

Neighbourly Duties:

In addition, we have to perform some other important duties as well. There will be many families near where we stay. It means, all of us together are neighbours to each other. So we have naturally some neighbourly duties towards them. This involves firstly knowing how they are carrying on their life and what are their problems. We must also know about their mental stresses and strains and should always be ready to help relieve them. This is what is expected as part of our neighbourly duty. Shutting the doors of our house from inside and sitting unconcerned is not good neighbourly behaviour, particularly when something goes wrong with our neighbour”s life. We cannot neglect him thinking that it is because of his misfortune that it is none of our concern whether he dies or survives. It is not only unneighbourly but inhuman, let alone failing to discharge our good neighbourly duty. So it behooves us to visit their houses, meet all of them, talk to them and make efforts to develop affectionate and cordial relations with them. It is also our duty to evoke similar feelings in their hearts also about us. They should all feel a sense of confidence about us that this person has a transparently clear and guileless love for us, that he is our true friend and would not let us down in our times of distress and that he would always be with us as a good neighbour and come to our help promptly. We must try to evolve our life-style in such a way that, on the basis of trust and confidence so generated, everyone in our neighbourhood would feel like being a member of a larger family. When we thus become successful in developing an atmosphere of mutual friendship, affection and trust among our neighbours, we will be able to draw from them active Swayamsevaks for the Sangh”s activities.

Mere Intellect fails to Win Hearts

Now, instead of reaching the hearts of people in this fashion, if somebody thinks that he is very intelligent and that he will be able to convince others by his intellectual arguments alone as to how the R.S.S. activities are good for the country and thereby induce them to join the Sangh, then he is committing a grave mistake. May be you are intelligent and capable of engaging people in debate, but they will not necessarily be convinced about the value or worth of our activities.

One of my friends told me that a particular gentleman had some doubts and reservations about the Sangh and that he had a desire to meet me and talk. He happened to be an old acquaintance of mine and also had attended the Shakha for sometime in the past. So I went to him and we discussed about the doubts he had in his mind, for nearly two hours. Of course, now-a-days I do not get so much of leisure time for such discussion. Because during those days neither the Sangh work was so widely spread (nor there were so many “wrangling’s” as they are today!) I could get enough time to go and meet friends. During the two hours of our discussion I tried to clear as many of his doubts as he possibly had and thus tried to satisfy him. But every time he used to say, “Guruji, what you say is correct, but….”, and he would raise the same questions again. I also tried to convince him and satisfy him by giving almost the same answers. Despite my best efforts, he used to say, “What you say is all right but…..” Finally I asked him, “My dear friend, how many “buts ” do you have? The more I try to pluck them out, the more they are growing! What is the matter, after all?” All this only means, it was not possible to convince him. Rational arguments would not “clear” any of his doubts. That also did not make him convinced so as to undertake Sangh work. Intellect has its own limitations. What can you do if the intellect cannot go beyond its own limitations?

Arguments Prove Counter Productive

In fact, arguments will only prove counter-productive. You will find no one joining the Sangh just because you have debated with him the merits of the issue and defeated him successfully in the arguments. If you think, that he would accept the defeat and say “All right gentleman, I join the R.S.S”. You will be badly disappointed if you make use of your intelligence in this way and show others that you are superior to them in intellect, do you think they would feel happy about it? Who would like to concede that God has given him less intelligence and that the other person is more intelligent than him? Nobody would like it. In fact, it is my experience that he would feel insulted and would keep himself away from you.

I had a friend of mine. Though our subjects were different, we were studying in the same class. He was very fond of indulging in arguments and debates. He was a well-read and much studied person. Therefore perhaps he had a great passion for debates.  I was also infected by his passion and we used to often enter into arguments. At times, he felt that he was on tenterhooks. A similar situation was repeated for three, four times. His friends started laughing at him and said, “You pose yourself pompously to be very intelligent wherever you go, but here you cannot make even a couple of cogent arguments.” He thought he was being ridiculed and thought it was all because he used to talk to me. So he started avoiding me, to this extent that if he saw me from the other side of road he would escape stealthily into a nearby bye lane and disappear! I saw that happening for a few times. And then, one day I went to him running and caught hold of him when he was escaping into a by lane. I said, “My dear friend, Why are you running away?” He replied, “I don”t want to talk to you because you make me a laughing stock in the presence of others. Who will talk to you only to get ridiculed and insulted?” Then I told him gently, “My dear fellow, you have a passion for debate and not I! I entered into arguments with you unwillingly, just to satisfy your thirst for the same. What can I do if you find yourself on tenterhooks in the process? However, it doesn”t matter. Let us now resolve that we will never enter into any arguments hereafter. Do you think it is fair to forsake our friendship just for satisfying our passion for debate? Friendship is more important than a battle of wits.” And thus I tried to pacify him. It only means that by engaging oneself in arguments in debate, one just gets alienated from the person and never comes close to him again.

Winning the Hearts

Then how do the people come to accept our propositions? Firstly, there are some people who are, as though, marked by God Himself for the Sangh”s work.
When somebody just goes to them and requests them to attend the Shakha or do some Sangh work, as if, the impressions they had accrued in their previous birth awaken instantly, they spontaneously respond and come forward to work with us as our colleagues. They do not need to be convinced about it at all. There are in fact a number of such people everywhere.

2)Some people think rationally and discerningly. They study the national state of affairs and are convinced that there is no other solution except the R.S.S. They come forward to do the Sangh work with a sense of duty towards the society,

3)Some people intensely desire to have friends, and since their desire is fulfilled in the Sangh, they join us in our work.

Watch out for the Motive

4)But there may also be some who may come due to some one or other kind of selfish motive. One day I saw one of my lawyer friends in the Shakha. Pretending myself to be a lawyer, I asked him, “How come you are present in the Shakha today?” He replied, “I have started thinking that I must join the R.S.S.” I queried, “What made you think like this? He said “Nothing very special”. But I smelt a rat in what he said. I thought I must dig out what was going on in his mind. Though he was senior to me in profession I thought I must get into his graces and so we exchanged many matters of various sorts, Later on, it struck me that there were some lawyer-Swayamsevaks who were assigned the responsibility of going to different villages in the Nagpur Taluka andDistrict and introducing the Sangh work there. Every week, on Saturdays and Sundays they were expected to go to those villages and make report of their activities on Thursday night in Nagpur and also finalise the plan of their visits and activities for the next week. Our lawyer friend also came to know of this touring. He also felt that because of this touring practice a lawyer Swayamsevak could get himself acquainted through out the district. Some or the other court cases of those places would also be there in the District Court. Naturally, all those who knew that lawyer Swayamsevak would approach him for the cases. So, he thought,” If I also join their group, some people might approach me also and my practice might flourish.” With that ulterior motive in mind he had started attending the Shakha! One day he himself confided to me saying, “People from all over the district come to Nagpur for their court cases. If I would get acquainted with them as a lawyer, they might come to me with their briefs and I could also get some cases.” I just remarked, “Your thinking is imperfect.”

Surprised, our lawyer friend asked, “What is lacking in my thinking?” I replied, “Since you are a Swayamsevak, they might be attracted to you with a feeling of intimacy and bring their cases to you. But due to that same feeling of intimacy they might not also pay you the fees!” Our friend stared at me, as if shocked, and asked, “Is that really so?” I just said, “See my own example.” When I told him to see my own example, he became thoroughly disillusioned that he would not gain anything. Needless to say, from the next day onwards he never turned up to the Shakha!

 Rouse People”s Trust in us

What then is the best way for making people -whatever their mental aptitudes- come close to us? How can a situation be created in which we can calmly explain to them the aims and activities of the Sangh? For that purpose, proper unison of minds needs to be established between both of us, i.e., the person to be persuaded and ourselves. True friendship has to be evolved between us so that both of us feel oneness of our hearts. Once that situation is created, commitment to the cause in our heart would also penetrate his heart. Only in this way, i.e., on the basis of true love only, we can bring each and every person into our fold. We can then create an urge in his mind to dedicate himself to our cause, so that we can utilise his services as our colleague. For that, we must ponder diligently about our own attitudes and behaviour.

This is the way to bring one and all into our fold. We should never be careless in this respect. Thus should be our natural attitude towards not only our neighbours but also towards all those who come in our contact in different contexts; may be they are students studying with us, colleagues in our office or our associates in any avocation. If we are engaged in business, similar feelings of oneness, faith and honour should be roused in their minds about us. And there by whatever deep conviction we have in our heart about the Sangh, it will naturally be reflected in their hearts as well.

All this we have to do by away of our duty as an “Ordinary Swayamsevak”. No extraordinary qualities are required for this. It is the work of every one of us. In short, what are the essential things required of us? They are: firstly, we must become worthy of people”s trust and confidence. Secondly, we should always be ready to exert for their sake and that too willingly, voluntarily. It should neither be done casually nor by way of mere, formal duty. It should also be done in the spirit of oneness in our relationship with each other.

Put up Examples of Flawless Character

These are two minimum things. In addition, the third thing we are required do is: we have to cultivate flawless conduct in ourselves. Thereby alone we can arouse faith for the Sangh work in their hearts. Otherwise, who will follow us if we tell them to attend the Shakha and we ourselves go to cinema avoiding the Shakha? If no work is carried out by us or no capability reflected, then it means that we are not sincere and honest in our work. Do we really do our work as per expectations? We should not plead lame and petty excuses and avoid the daily routine of the Shakha and keep ourselves away from it. Then our words will not carry any value. Nobody will take us seriously. If we conduct ourselves in such a lazy way and try to talk to the people, they may well reply, “But you do not conduct yourself likewise.” In that case, we have no voice to say anything to them. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary that our conduct must be completely flawless and be true to our words.

Now from this point of view, let us think and ask ourselves whether or not we have become trustworthy of all the people. What then is required for becoming trustworthy? Our life-style must be pure and chaste. Nobody will repose trust and confidence in a person who is impure and unchaste and subject to the prevalent tendency of indulging in undesirable things.  Therefore, we must ensure that our life becomes spotlessly clean. People should feel convinced that every one of our Swayamsevaks is, as an individual, extremely chaste, pious and transparently clean in his character.

The Ideal to be followed: Doctorji

We have before us the ideal of our founding father of Sangh. He was a man of spotlessly clean character. I recollect an incident when Dr. Hedgewar was alive. At that time, an election was held. Two old colleagues of Doctorji, who had later on joined two different parties, contested the election against each other. One of them was closely associated with Doctorji. Hence Doctorji was naturally trying to help his friend in his own informal way. The second contestant was a very powerful speaker. He used to speak from the top of his voice. Thousands of people used to come to listen to his speech because he was adept at hurling choice abuses in a slang and caustic language. Now a day’s, people are used to listening abusive and slang language and without such a spicy and fiery language they do not find the speech interesting enough! Then that leader used to publicly expose in his speech the scandalous affairs in the private lives of his opponent and of his supporters as well. He used to tear them apart in such a way that they would not dare to face the people in their public meetings. He had reduced almost all of his rivals to that sorry situation. In one of his public meetings, he had openly declared that to he would create such a situation that none of his opponents would dare speak in any public meeting in any corner of that town. And he had almost created that situation in reality.

Then Doctorji”s friend also thought of organizing a meeting. Doctorji also Okayed the proposal and accordingly the meeting took place. Some persons present there were bent on disturbing the meeting. Doctorji went to the meeting and sat on the dais. When those people saw the mighty personality of Doctorji present there, nobody dared disturb the meeting. Because they realised that since Dr. Hedgewar was present in the meeting, strength incarnate itself was present there! So, the meeting went off peacefully. That leader said, “What should I say? I tried to expose publicly every scandal of my opponent so that he would have no face to come before the public. But now I see that my opponent is standing on the broad shoulders of “that man against whom I don”t have a single word to utter.” Who would dare say anything against Doctorji? Transparently clean as he was from within and without, what could be said against him? Was there even a single scandal in his life to be exposed? What could that leader do? Such is the glorious example before us. There are many such instances in Doctorji”s life which reflect the supreme confidence that he enjoyed in the hearts of the people.

One more such instance will suffice. One of Doctorji”s friends was in need of money and he came to Doctorji seeking his help. It was a matter of surprise since Doctorji himself hardly had any money. For, Doctorji never practiced medicine as a profession. He used to keep only two medicines with him, one quinine and the other, liniment iodine, for suitable cases! Further, he used to give medicine only to the Swayamsevaks. How then could he get money for his friend? However, Doctorji requested the gentleman to wait and said he would soon arrange for the money.

Doctorji went to some of the rich persons living around him, but as a matter of coincidence nobody was at home. Then he took a tonga and went to the same opposition party leader residing at some distance. At that time, the gentleman concerned was having a chat with his friends. When he saw Doctorji, he said in a light mood, “Welcome Dr. Hedgewar, how come you are here at this time?”, since he had very cordial relations with him. Doctorji told him that he had hardly any time for light, jocular chat and that he had some private work with him. The said gentleman realised that there was some urgent matter. Immediately he went in and Doctorji told him that he wanted five hundred rupees urgently. The gentleman was a bit surprised and asked, “Why? Anybody from your side died or what?” Doctorji replied, let us discuss all those matters later on. Please let me know whether you are able to lend me the amount?”

Thereupon the friend remarked: “You come to ask for money and can I ever refuse? What shall I do with merely keeping money with me”. And immediately he gave Doctorji the required amount. But when Doctorji proposed to give him a promissory note, the leader said, “If people come to know that I have taken such a note from Dr. Hedgewar, they would say, whether I have gone mad! So please take these five hundred rupees. If you want to return them, welcome. If you cannot, please do not worry”.

We must also be able to generate so much of trust and confidence in the hearts of people about ourselves. So much of piety we must possess that the two dangerous vices that might spoil the character i.e., lust and wealth, would not be able to pollute our mind. We must make deliberate attempts so that our mind becomes very pure and unattached to such allurements. It is neither difficult nor impossible. Then only can we become worthy of people”s trust. Then one can go to anybody with confidence. Nobody would also any suspicion as to why we had gone to him. We must create such an atmosphere that the doors of all houses would remain open for us for all 24 hours.

Let us imbibe all these qualities in our life as an ordinary Swayamsevak and perform all those duties with the full awareness of the benefit to our work accruing from all these things, and of the need to carry them out with diligence and effort.

No Fixing of Target of Growth

A question may arise in our mind as to why at all should we do all these things? Somebody may say it is for the growth of the Sangh work. Then somebody may well ask what is meant by the Sangh growth? The Sangh has already grown a lot. Occasionally, its name also figures in the newspapers. So now it is quite enough. Therefore we have to clearly understand as to why we have to grow? What are the aims and objectives before us? It is not our objective to evolve a small organization within the Hindu Society. In fact, our goal is to organize the entire Hindu Society. Now how can this huge society be organized? How is it possible to make all of them attend the Sangh Shakhas? People may ask, is it possible? And in a sense, they are correct. One thing is clear: that our work is restricted to the male part of the society. So, obviously half of the population will not be able to come to the Sangh Shakhas. Then, those who are too young also cannot come, and also those who are very old or physically disabled. Since we have understood all these things before, we have evolved a simple definition and that is, anyone who can come to the Shakha on his own legs or with the help of some one else is a Swayamsevak! So, from our point of view, all such males right from a child to an old person are our potential Swayamsevaks. But, will all such persons also come? Many times we see even this is not feasible. In that case, should we conclude that we will never be able reach our goal. It is obvious; we must have some minimum target before us. Now, what should be that minimum target?

Long ago, our Doctorji had said, “If a certain percentage is achieved, we would have reached a minimum level of organisational growth.” I don”t want to lay down any particular percentage. Because at that time, the percentage was prescribed under a particular situation and now there is likelihood of its misinterpreting it. Once, at a particular place, I also mentioned a particular percentage. As a result, all the workers there set to work enthusiastically as if they were all possessed by that idea. Branches were spread all over. The number of Swayamsevaks was increased everywhere to reach the target. And then I received a letter saying,” We have reached the given target and the expected number of Swayamsevaks are coming to the Shakha. Our work is now completed. So, please let us know what should be done next?” In a humorous style, I wrote back to them stating, “Perform the Pooja in the name of Lord Satyanarayana, listen to the story, distribute Prasad to all and close down the Sangh activities!” Stipulation of a particular percentage is likely to create such misunderstanding!
Then what should be done?

Minimum Level of Work:

When we talk about the duties of an ordinary Swayamsevak, we expect him to establish affectionate and friendly relations with the entire society through the Shakha. Not only in the immediate vicinity of the Shakha but with all those in the surroundings as well. They may be city dwellers or village dwellers or living in deep forests or hills and valleys – all of them are our own fellow brothers in society. So we must have enough numbers of branches, continuously active and spread all over the country with sufficient number of workers required for establishing constant, lively, cordial and healthy relationships of mutual co-operation, trust and confidence with all of them. It is on these lines that we have to think. It is indeed a Herculian task but we have to do it. No less than this should satisfy us. This is the minimum level of growth of work and once that minimum level is attained, we will then have to see to it that it is never allowed to go down.

This is how the mission of life-long work of Sangh is before us. It is on this background, that we must think and ask ourselves, how much has been done at present and how meager it is compared to what is expected of us. And we must also ponder over how much efforts are required to be done even as an ordinary Swayamsevak. Any negligence or avoidance in this respect is unfair and unbecoming of us. With this thought in our mind, let us re-arrange the priorities in our life and let every one of us come forward to work according to expectations and with the best of our capabilities.

Our Mission

Why all this urgency? The reason is obvious: The sorrowful condition of our Hindu society is there before us. It has forgotten its national identity. We have lost courage of conviction of calling our country, our nation as our own. Our love for the motherland appears to have been weakened. As a result, selfishness has become rampant in our society, coupled with the growth of vices, groupism, unethical behaviour and vying with each other. It looks as though the whole society is getting disintegrated.

In addition, many enemies have also infiltrated into our country. They are not leaving out any opportunity to disintegrate and destroy our society, and help their internal agents here. They are also standing on all sides of our boundary and nobody knows when they might attack. Further, vices such as mutual quarrels and feuds, lack of character, self-forgetfulness prevalent everywhere may well lead us to anarchy. If our internal fragmented situation further continues, we may lose our ability to resist the aggression of all these enemies when they attack.

If we take all these things into consideration, there is only one answer before us. Complaining or whining is not the answer. Should we keep on complaining or stand up much stronger than the enemies? What should a virtuous, self-respecting and valiant nation do? Should it just complain? Should we merely scream that other people are attacking us? They are bound to attack so long as we are weak and offer them a favourable situation.

Then, what is our duty? The forgetfulness of our national identity needs to be overcome. We have to arouse a feeling in everybody”s heart that it is his motherland, his nation, that the entire society is his and that the nation must be made mighty, self-respecting, confident and glorious in the galaxy of all nations. On the basis of this awakening and on the strength of our noble conduct we will have to infuse our society with the supreme confidence, that we will certainly organise our society from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari as a well disciplined and powerful entity and make our nation capable of overcoming all sorts of calamities. There is no alternative to this. All other ways are cursory, shallow and outwardly. We have to cleanse the society from inside by purging all the dirt accumulated so far and purifying it so that its vast latent vitality is fully roused to action.

This is the mission of R.S.S. And there is no substitute to this. Be assured, that by the Grace of God, we are destined to fulfill this mission and we as ordinary Swayamsevaks, are the missionaries of this great mission, in fact, this is an exceptionally great honour and recognition that we are bestowed upon. Keeping this keen awareness ever awake in our mind, we must set to work forthwith. We have to broaden the base of Sangh activities by dedicating all our strength, intellect and time of every one of us and that too within the shortest possible period of time.

” It is a matter of great pride and prestige that due to divine coincidence. I have been a Sangh Swayamsevak. This is only thing worth of pride “

The Sangh Connection

By Arun Kumar


August 15, 1947.. The whole of Bharat was beaming with the joy of the Independence. The people in Jammu & Kashmir were also breathing in free air after the slavery of centuries. Even this Independence did not appear palatable to the people from a particular class who were inebriated in the communal frenzy. They thought that Kashmir was a Muslim majority state that had to be in Pakistan. They hoisted the Pakistani flags on the government buildings in Srinagar before the sunrise. The people’s reactions arose in hushed tones; but who would come forward? The RSS swayamsevaks came out for the Shakha with the sunrise and they heard this talk. There was a meeting after the Shakha and the swayamsevaks decided that the strong reply would be given. They came together near Amirakdal exactly at 10 am. Patriot citizens also joined them. Thousands of people ferried the roads of Srinagar chanting ‘Bharat Mata Ki Jai’. Within no time, the Pakistani flags were taken down from the government buildings. The Kashmir Valley had then and even now has a Muslim majority. Like today, a gang of nuisance makers existed at that time also who were few in number but had the capability to take the valley hostage. In spite of this, the courage that the citizens showed on August 15, 1947 along with the RSS swayamsevaks by resisting those nuisance makers had the background of a grand programme of the RSS that had started just a few months earlier. The people of Kashmir valley experienced the capability and the discipline of the RSS for the first time in that programme. The programme had taken place at DAV College, Srinagar in which more than one thousand swayamsevaks in their uniforms took part. In his address, the then RSS Sarsanghachalak Poojya Shri Madhavrao Golwalkarji aka Shri Guruji explained the necessity of the unity of the Hindus and appealed to be alert towards the anti-national activities and foil their ploys with the help of united force. This initiative by the swayamsevaks filled the minority but nationalist community, which was affected by an inferiority complex, with enthusiasm. The confidence that arose through it played an important role to face off the Pakistani aggression in coming days.

Stormy Days

Those were stormy days. The prominent RSS workers in Jammu & Kashmir could hear the sound of coming tragedy and were working on a war footing, with their all might, to avoid it. In this regard, some prominent swayamsevaks had even penetrated among the pro-Pakistani conspirators in the areas that are today in the Pak-occupied area as well as in Srinagar because of which they received confirmed reports of the conspiracies being hatched in Karachi and Rawalpindi. On the one hand, the swayamsevaks were gathering information by staking their lives and on the other hand, the work of uniting the youths was on constantly through the Shakhas. The reports coming from the border areas was worrisome and the swayamsevaks were determined that they would try everything to save Jammu & Kashmir from the Pakistani conspiracy. When the plan of attack on October 22 was prepared on October 13, 1947, in the presence of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, a swayamsevak was present there in disguise. The RSS headquarters at Srinagar had received this information by night which was conveyed in time to Brigadier Rajendra Singh and Brigadier Fakir Singh. Likewise, the swayamsevaks were the first to receive the information of the Pakistani conspiracy to abduct Maharaja Hari Singh during his tour of Bhimber. The then Sanghachalak of Jammu Pt. Premanth Dogra alerted Maharaja in time because of which the latter changed his programme. The attack on Bhimber failed and Maharaja’s life could be saved.

On the Path of Duty

Brig. Rajendra Singh was martyred while combating the Pakistani attackers in Uri. In that difficult situation, Maharaja Hari Singh himself called Shri Balraj Madhok, who handled the entire expedition on RSS behalf, to his Palace. Prime Minister Mehar Chand Mahajan said clearly, “We want youths from you who can go to Baramulla tomorrow itself and help the military in stopping the enemy from entering Kashmir valley.” Shri Madhok said, “The hearts of our youths are full of spirit, enthusiasm, they are ready to shed their lives for the nation, but they are not soldiers. They have neither arms nor the training to use them. In such a situation, how helpful can they be?” Brig. Fakir Singh said instantly, “The RSS swayamsevaks are patriots and educated. We will train them and make them soldiers within a day.” “So, how many swayamsevaks do you want?” “150, tomorrow at 7 am.” It was 12 am. The Mukhya Shikshaks of Rainawadi, Parana City and Amirakdal were awakened from the sleep and given the responsibility of informing their swayamsevaks by 3 am to gather in the RSS office at 6 am with the preparedness of going to the war zone. The smaller groups of swayamsevaks started coming to the RSS office from the 5 am itself. By 7 am, more than 200 swayamsevaks had gathered of which 150 swayamsevaks were selected. Those who were rejected had tearful eyes. After an inspiring address by Shri Madhok, there was Sangh prayer and the swayamsevak left in the trucks towards the camp at Badami Bagh.

Ready for your cause…

The whole of Kashmir was expecting the Bharatiya army to reach any moment. However, wider airstrips were needed for the landing of the military planes and they were not there. The swayamsevaks finished the challenging task of constructing airstrips at three places – Srinagar, Jammu and Poonch by toiling day and night.

On the Path of Sacrifice

The first aeroplane of the Indian Air Force landed in Srinagar on October 27, 1947. Within next ten days, the Bharatiya Army captured all the area up to Uri. When the Pakistanis had to retreat from Kashmir, they increased their pressure on Jammu. Both Bhimber and Meerpur had fallen into Pakistan’s hands. More than 50,000 citizens were killed mercilessly. It is impossible to describe what happened to thousands of mothers and sisters. The grip was tightening around Kotli. The possibility of getting military help was dim. An IAF aeroplane threw eight boxes of ammunition but it also fell into the enemy-controlled territory. It was neither possible to bring it back from among the enemy nor fighting without it. The RSS swayamsevaks came forward to turn the impossible to possible. Kotli’s Nagar Karyavah Chandra Prakash took seven swayamsevaks beside him and reached to the box of ammunition scrawling. A nullah in the way was to be crossed swimming. The sounds emanating from the water alerted the enemy. They were inching forward and pushing the box amidst the showering of bullets. All of a sudden, bullets hit Chandra Prakashji and Ved Prakashji, but they had no time to look after them. The other swayamsevaks took their boxes and went ahead. They returned after successfully handing over the ammunition to the soldiers. Both the swayamsevaks passed away. They had to carry their dead bodies on their back and scrawl upwards on the hill. The showering of the bullets was becoming intense. Two more swayamsevaks were hit by the bullets and remaining two colleagues lifted them on their back. All four swayamsevaks were cremated on the same pyre on the outskirts of the Kotli town. They lived up to their vow. The soldiers had enough ammunition now that they took with them and started marching ahead on the same road from where it was brought. The Pakistani guns were rendered silent with the sunrise. The tricolour was flying high on the hill ahead. This Body fells for You, Salute Salute! Kotli was now in full control of the Bharatiya Army. A report came abruptly that the aggressors had surrounded 1200 Hindus in Palandhari, 20 kms away from there. Kotli could not be left unsecured, hence soldiers in large number could not be sent there. It was determined that three soldiers, 15 jawans of Jammu & Kashmir Police and 100 swayamsevaks would go to Palandhari for this mission. The enemy got the information of this mission in advance because of a traitor officer and they were all prepared for this. The entire unit fought till their last breath; none of them returned alive.

Service Work

The second stage of the RSS work started after creating a successful history of sacrifices. The challenge lay ahead after the ceasefire came into being of looking after those who had come as the migrants and displaced, after losing everything and near and dear ones, in Jammu and its vicinity. Sheikh Abdullah did not allow even the state’s own people to stay in Kashmir and pushed them towards Jammu. It is a travesty that Jammu has remained a land of these displaced people even today. RSS asked help from the society for the urgent necessities of these people and started working on priority issues like their food, shelter, security and medical help. The swayamsevaks yoked themselves to the service of these migrants and displaced, without thinking about themselves, as they stood firm like a wall before the enemy during the time of Pakistan’s aggression.

Praja Parishad and its Agitation

Disturbed by the Pakistani atrocities against his subjects, Maharaja Hari Singh even accepted the illogical demand of handing over the power to Sheikh Abdullah and signed on the letter of annexation. Immediately after assuming charge, Sheikh started dealing with a stern hand with his political opponents. People of Jammu were considered to be the supporters of Maharaja and they were attacked as well. This situation forced the people of Jammu to form their own political party. Jammu Praja Parishad was formed by projecting Shri Premnath Dogra, a consensus personality who was once the Deputy Commissioner of Muzaffarabad. Its president and minister, Hari Wazir and Hansraj Sharma respectively, were young but its functioning and organisation were backed by the belligerent leadership of Shri Balraj Madhok. The Praja Parishad spread its wing all over the state in no time. Praja Parishad took many efforts to resolve the problem. Its leadership put forward the actual position before Sheikh Abdullah in the state and Sardar Patel and Prime Minister Pt. Nehru in Delhi. Infuriated with this, Sheikh expelled Shri Madhok, his parents and his family from Jammu and put Pt. Premanth Dogra in jail. The opposition was growing and Sheikh’s brutality also. On his instance, the administration was inflicting free-willed atrocities against Praja Parishad workers and supporters. The developments like Delhi Accord happening under Sheikh Abdullah’s pressure, announcement of the Sadr-i-Riyasat after changing the President-approved head of the state etc. created an atmosphere of uncertainty and distrust in the state. As a result, the Praja Parishad was forced to move towards a decisive agitation.

Heat of the Agitation in Delhi

The agitation was at its peak in Jammu. The agitators were facing canes and bullets every day. Processions supporting the agitation started in Delhi too and a series of protests went on. The police caned the agitators brutally in Hauz Qazi in which 60 persons were injured. The teargas shells were also thrown. This instigated the protests even more. The annual meeting of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh was on at the time in Kanpur. The Jana Sangh announced an eight-member fact-finding team to be sent to Jammu but the Bharatiya government did not allow it to go there. Jana Sangh, Hindu Mahasabha and Ramrajya Parishad announced their decision to observe March 5 jointly as the Jammu Day. Section 144 was imposed at all major places in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. A big rally was organised in the ground in front of Delhi Station that was presided by Karpatri Maharaj. Jana Sangh’s president Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee addressed the rally. The police arrested Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, Barrister Nirmalchandra Chaterjee, Nandlal Sharma and Vaidya Gurudutt in the midst of the crowd. A satyagrah was announced in Delhi and Pathankot against the arrest of Dr. Mookerjee and police atrocities. Praja Parishad is credited with providing a platform for the citizens in Jammu & Kashmir, who wanted to associate their identity with Bharat. The agitation of the nationalist forces under its leadership foiled the British conspiracy to break Kashmir away from Bharat and the ploys of Sheikh Abdullah to become Kashmir’s sultan. It was also successful in attracting the nation’s attention on this point and create a strong public opinion.

Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee’s Martyrdom

When the people of Jammu were struggling for their survival under the leadership of Praja Parishad, the national leader and Jana Sangh president Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, who was former Industries Minister in Nehru cabinet, went to Jammu with three other MPs namely Shri V.G. Deshpande, Shri Ram Narayan Singh and Barrister Uma Shankar Trivedi in August 1952. Dr. Mookerjee gave a strong boost to the agitation, which was on with the slogan ‘one law, one ruler and one flag’. Addressing a rally during this time, he announced, “Either I will obtain the law or sacrifice myself.” A unanimous resolution in this regard was passed in the first session of Jana Sangh at Kanpur in December 1952 under which it was decided to extend full support to the Praja Parishad’s agitation and make it nationwide. It was also proposed to get cooperation from other nationalist organisations. There was no restraint to Sheikh’s tyranny in Jammu while Pt. Nehru was adamant in Delhi that he would trample the agitation with canes and bullets. Not only the opposition leaders and parties, even ruling party members could do little more than watching on helplessly. Satyagrah in March and April rocked Delhi. The satyagrahis were coming from all over the country and getting arrested themselves. They were mistreated not only on the road but in jail also. The trampling by the government was in full swing. On this background, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee announced as the last measure on May 7, “I will go to Jammu tomorrow”. It is notable here that when the agitation in Delhi was in full swing, two other members of Lok Sabha Barrister U.M. Trivedi and Hindu Mahasabha’s general secretary Vishnu Ghanshyam Deshpande had announced their visit to Jammu. They were arrested in Jalandhar on April 17. However, the Supreme Court acquitted and released them. The Bharatiya government learned from this that if he were arrested within the SC’s jurisdiction, he would also be released. Thus, Nehru and Sheikh’s plans would not bear fruit. Until then, Jammu and Kashmir was not in the jurisdiction of the SC of Bharat. Hence, he was arrested in Jammu & Kashmir’s borders. According to former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, who accompanied Dr. Mookrjee then as a journalist, the Deputy Commissioner of Gurudaspur himself came to him and said they would arrange everything for his visit. He said they did not want to stop him. There would be no hurdle in his travel because of him. They were ready to make his travel comfortable. However, as they reached halfway on the Madhopur Bridge, the Jammu & Kashmir police arrested him. The government did not allow Barrister Uma Shankar Trivedi, who had gone to file a petition in the Jammu & Kashmir High Court against the arrest, to meet him. He could meet Dr. Mookerjee only when the Jammu & Kashmir HC allowed him to do so. The verdict on Barrister Trivedi’s petition was scheduled on June 23. Everyone expected that Dr. Mookerjee would be released on this day. However, he died in suspicious conditions just on the eve of that day. His colleagues arrested with him were released. Dr. Mookerjee’s sacrifice bore fruit and the permit system was abolished. Many provisions of the Bharat’s constitution were enforced in the state.

A Silent Penance

For the next three decades, the central government carried out political experiments in Jammu & Kashmir. Through these experiments, Congress maintained its place in the state’s politics by overlooking the anti-Bharat activities and sometimes even by protecting them. As Pakistan changed its strategy after the defeat in Bangladesh, the separatists also changed their tunes. Sheikh Abdullah even started saying that Jammu & Kashmir’s annexation to Bharat was final. Impressed by this, Sheikh was again made the Chief Minister. For RSS, this was the period of silent penance. It knew that the direction in which the political ambitions were taking the state were not in people’s interests. Hence, a new age of struggle was inevitable to come and all nationalist forces had to unite in it. The RSS’ doubts proved true soon and the role of ever-ready force of RSS proved effective.

Against the Terrorism

Pakistan indulged in its strategy of inflicting thousand cuts on Bharat. The separatists living in the valley became its agents. The mainstream political parties closed their eyes towards them. The Ram Janmabhoomi agitation was instrumental in flaring up the communal sentiments in Kashmir. Rumour was spread in Kashmir that homicide of Muslims was going on while Jammu was all-calm. The naked dance of violence was started in Kashmir on this pretence. By 1989, the administration became totally helpless before the terrorists. Announcements of Nizam-e-Mustafa were being made from the mosques. Hindus were told to leave the valley. The terrorists killed prominent personalities like BJP vice president Shri Tikalal Tapalu, RSS senior member Shri Premnath Bhatt, Justice Neelkanth Ganju who pronounced the death sentence on Makbul Bhatt, Doordarshan’s director Lasa Kaul, etc. In this background, all religious and social organisations in Jammu & Kashmir were called together on the instance of RSS and Jammu Kashmir Sahayata Samiti was formed. The Samiti worked for the registration and rehabilitating the displaced on safer places. The swayamsevaks all over the country went from home to home, collected food, money, clothes and medicines on the appeal of the Samiti, and distributed them to the displaced.

Kashmir March

Giving the first-hand experience to the people of the country was necessary so that they get an idea of the severity of the situation. More than 11 thousand boy and girl students from the country reached Jammu on the appeal of Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad and witnessed the reality. The ABVP had announced hoisting of tricolour in the Lal Chowk of Srinagar but the administration, which failed to stop the insult to the tricolour, stopped these nationalist youths from marching ahead. These youths, arrested with the tricolour, were placed in the jail at Udhampur for one day and released. From there, these students went to Delhi, sat before the residence of the then Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh, and handed over the tricolour with a challenge to hoist it in Lal Chowk.

Jammu-Kashmir Bachao Abhiyan

The women’s nationalist organisation Rashtra Sevika Samiti organised nationwide Jammu-Kashmir Bachao Abhiyan from March 29 to 31, 1991 for creating awareness. An attempt was made to draw the nation’s attention towards the situation in J&K through a grand awareness yatra and a public rally in Jammu on March 31. Thereafter, these sisters went to the displaced camps and witnessed the ground situation.

Ekata Yatra

The Bharatiya Janata Party announced the Ekata Yatra to convey the state’s situation to every citizen. This Rathyatra started from Kanyakumari under the leadership of BJP’s then national president Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi on December 11, 1991. Resonating the chants of Bharat Mata Ki Jai in every village and town, this Yatra reached Srinagar on January 26, 1992 after crossing all hurdles where the tricolour was hoisted as announced in advance. More than 50,000 patriotic people reached Jammu to witness this moment but they could not reach Srinagar because of the road blockage. Finally, about 40 persons were taken to Srinagar by aeroplane. The terrorists’ threats proved useless and the nation’s pride emerged victoriously.

Towards Total Integration

This phase of terror was testing for the nationalist forces. Today, terrorism and separatism are fighting the last battle for its survival. The nationalist forces have emerged triumphant through this. There was a time when most of the people and even government thought that the Kashmir was slipping out of hand. Some opined that the state should be trifurcated and at least Jammu and Ladakh should be secured. Many advocated making the Line of Control the international border. The nationalist forces in Jammu & Kashmir have rejected all this negativity and proved their strength by their perseverance. The question today is how to regain the Bharatiya territory across the LoC. How to allay the confusion on the issue of Jammu & Kashmir that was created due to international diplomacy? How to end the falsehood that was established through the silence of the central government for six decades and bring the truth before the people? The issue of Jammu Kashmir has entered a new phase where the truth has to be established based on facts and logic. The RSS has accepted even this challenge of the intellectual struggle and a continuous effort is on to bring out the truth before the people through research-based studies in a phased and scientific manner. The way the issue of Jammu Kashmir has assumed centrality during last few years itself proves the relevance of these efforts.

(Sri Arun Kumar ji is Former Prant Pracharak of Jammu & Kashmir and presently Akhil Bharatiya Prachar Pramukh of RSS )

Source: Organiser