Tag Archives: IAF

Air Commodore Mehar Singh – A Legendary Dare-Devil Pilot Who Was Known for His Bravery, Daring Feats and Brilliant Leadership

Air Commodore Mehar Singh MVC DSO, affectionately called ‘Baba’ Mehar Singh by his associates and admirers in Indian Air Force, was a legendary pilot and a flying prodigy. His exploits with the flying machines are well known and much celebrated. He was a born leader of men and a team man who always led from the front. Mehar Singh was immensely successful in earning respect of men he commanded by his bravery, daring feats and brilliant leadership. He was a role model for the young fliers in the IAF. The legend of Baba Mehar Singh is replete with splendid examples of professionalism dedication, devotion to duty, courage and commitment indeed true characteristics of an ideal Air Warrior.

After qualifying as a Service pilot from Cranwell, Mehar Singh was commissioned and posted to No.1 IAF Squadron in April 1935. From the outset, Mehar Singh came to the notice of his superior officers as “outstanding”. By the hazardous air operations carried out by him in the NorthWest Frontier of undivided India, and later in 1942, the evacuation of stranded women and children, first in Habbaniyah and then in Burma, Mehar Singh earned the admiration of his commanding officers and colleagues alike.

For his “find leadership and high example” and for carrying out many successful operational sorties in the Arakan while commanding and IAF hurricane fighter-reconnaissance Squadron Mehar Singh was awarded the DSO, the only officer in the IAF to earn that distinction. 

A dare—devil pilot, Mehar Singh made history when, during the critical early days of the Jammu and Kashmir operations, ‘he •pioneered. the flights over the Himalayas across unchartered ‘mountainous routes. It will be recalled that he was the first to land at the hurriedly constructed airstrip in the beleagured town of Poonch and thereafter established the long—drawn airlift operations, thus saving the town from being overrun by the enemy and evacuating over 30,000 refugees to safety.

During the post-partition period, Mehar Singh and the team of pilots serving under him, flew day and night to pull out thousands of refugees from unsafe areas and dropping food and clothes for those who could not be reached.

Mehar Singh’s flight to Leh in Ladakh has been well chiseled into annals of the Indian Air Force’s legend. When the remote district of Ladakh was in a danger of being cut off and overrun by a Pakistani force from Skardu along the Shyok Valley, a decision was taken to fly troops by air to Leh, which had an airfield at an altitude of 11,540 feet. flying an uncharted route, over hills and peaks ranging from 15000 feet to 24000 feet, Mehar Singh flew the first Dakota to Leh and landed it at the highest airstrip in the world. The faith in this man was re-imposed by none other than the commander of land forces in the Srinagar Valley sector, Major General K.S. Thimmayya, DSO, who accompanied Mehar Singh on the pioneering flight.

In September 1948, Air Commodore Mehar Singh was, at his own request, placed on the retired officers list. But he still carried on the profession he loved…flying. Mehar Singh moved onto civilian flying. He returned to the spotlight for a brief moment in 1950, when he received the Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) from a grateful nation, when the gallantry awards were instituted.  The citation making the Maha Vir Chakra awarded to Mehar Singh reads, “Throughout his tenure as over—all Commander of air operations in Jammu and Kashmir, Air Commodore Mehar Singh showed great devotion to duty at great personal risk and set an example to those serving under him”. The citation adds: “Many tasks were not part of his duty, but in view of the fact that they were hazardous, he carried them out to infuse confidence in his junior pilots. The leadership shown by Air Commodore Mehar Singh in the early days of the Kashmir operations was invaluable to the IAF”.

Indian Aviation suffered one of its most tragic losses on 11 March 1952, when Air Commodore (retd.) Mehar Singh, MVC, DSO, was killed in a civilian air crash.

Image credit: http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/Database/1559

Jag Mohan Nath – Awarded Maha Vir Chakras Twice!

Jag Mohan Nath was born in Laya village in Punjab province of British India (now in Pakistan) and relocated to India after Partition. His family members were all doctors, but the young lad had a passion for planes from an early age. Growing up in his village, he would spend hours watching the planes high in the sky. Nath got an opportunity to follow this passion in 1948 when he joined the Air Force Administrative College in Coimbatore for his initial training in the IAF. Dedicated and hard-working, he was soon selected for daring maneuvers and covert operations in hostile territory.

His tryst with history would begin a few years later with the 1962 debacle on the China border. It was during the beginning of this stand-off that Nath was given the risky task of covertly assessing the Chinese build-up in the Aksai Chin area and Tibet. He took to skies in his Canberra, a twin-engine jet bomber that had been fitted with cameras. During his survey missions, Nath was often detected and fired at by the Chinese despite flying high to avoid radar detection. Undaunted, the courageous pilot continued to fly into hostile territory and return with invaluable strategic inputs on the ground situation and enemy troop activities in Aksai Chin and Tibet, both before and during the Indo-China conflict.It was this outstanding effort of flying in hazardous conditions that earned Nath his first Maha Vir Chakra.

His missions proved immensely useful to learn everything about the Chinese military build-up on the Tibetan plateau. Nath’s conclusions were that China had NO Air Force on the Tibetan plateau in 1962. Wing Commander explained: “If we had sent a few airplanes (into Tibet), we could have wiped the Chinese out and everything could have been different in the 1962 War. The political leadership did not believe me that China had no Air Force. Can you imagine what would have happened if we had used the IAF at that time? The Chinese would have never dared do anything down the line.” It is one of the greatest tragedies of India’s modern history.

Three years later, he repeated the feat in 1965 after war erupted between India and Pakistan. Back then, the Himalayan battlefield had no radar. As such, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) had set up observation posts pitched atop ridges of the mountainous terrain. Pakistani Sabres would also patrol the skies to lookout for Indian intrusion. During his low down maneuvers in enemy territory, Nath would fly his English Electra Canberra at extremely low heights, almost skimming the trees so that Pakistani radar could not detect his aircraft. Then, when he caught sight of something that needed to be captured on camera, he would climb (in broad daylight) to 12,000 feet to get clear pictures of well-defended airfields and installations. This five-minute period of exposure was the riskiest part of the mission. Easily visible to Pakistani outposts and aircraft, Nath would often have to dodge and duck between the peaks at dizzying speeds to avoid being shot down by the furious PAF Sabres in hot pursuit. The 30-odd low down maneuvers conducted by Nath yielded a treasure trove of strategic pictures and information. It was this crucial intelligence that helped IAF aircrafts destroy a powerful radar in Badin (near Karachi), and that the Indian army almost reached Lahore. He was again conferred the ‘Maha Vir Chakra’ for his act of bravery, complete disregard of his personal safety and a high degree of professional skill.

He is the first of the six Indian officers to have twice been decorated with the Maha Vir Chakra. A living legend, (91 years old) Jag Mohan retired from the Indian Air Force in 1969.

Rising Bharat International News Feed: October 8th 2020

रूसी कोरोना वैक्सीन के मेगा ट्रायल से भारत ने कर दिया इनकार, जानिए क्या है वजह

Key points:

  1. भारत ने रूसी कोरोना वैक्सीन को बड़े पैमाने पर ट्रायल की अनुमति देने से किया इनकार
  2. भारत में इस स्पूतनिक वी की साझेदार डॉ रेड्डी लेबोरेटरीज लिमिटेड ने मांगी थी अनुमति
  3. सेंट्रल ड्रग्स स्टैंडर्ड कंट्रोल ऑर्गेनाइजेशन ने पहले इसे छोटे स्तर पर ट्रायल करने को कहा है
  4. भारत के इस फैसले के बाद रूस के Sputnik-V वैक्सीन को शुरू करने की तैयारियों को झटका लगा है। रूस किसी ऐसे देश वैक्सीन को अप्रूव करने की कोशिश करने में जुटा था जहां कोरोना के नए केसों की संख्या दुनिया में बहुत ज्यादा हो। माना जा रहा है कि भारत अगले कुछ हफ्तों में कोरोना संक्रमण के मामले में अमेरिका को पीछे छोड़ नंबर वन हो सकता है।

(Navbahrat Times, 8 October, 2020) News Link

  1. शिवसेना ने फिर किया मोदी सरकार पर तीखा तंज,‘लद्दाख में घुसे चीनी सैनिकों को बाहर कब निकालोगे?

Key points:

  1. सामना संपादकीय में मोदी सरकार पर निशाना, राहुल गाँधी के बयान का समर्थन
  2. राहुल गाँधी ने 15 मिनट में चीनी सेना को खदेड़ने की बात कही थी
  3. संपादकीय में सवाल उठाया गया है की मोदी जी ने जो वादे किया थे उनका क्या हुआ?
  4. देश युद्ध के मुहाने पर खड़ा है और चीनी सेना लद्दाख में काफी अंदर तक आ चुकी है

(Navbahrat Times, 8 October 2020) News Link

  1. भारत से 40 अधिक एंबुलेंस का गिफ्ट पा खुश है नेपाल, व्यक्त किया आभार

Key points:

  1. 151 वीं गांधी जयंती के मौके पर भारत की ओर से नेपाल को 40 से अधिक एंबुलेंस उपहार के तौर पर दिया गया है। ये सुविधाएं वहां के 29 जिलों में काम कर रहे एनजीओ को मिला है। इन संगठनों ने मदद के लिए भारत के प्रति कृतज्ञता प्रकट की।
  2. इसके अलावा विभिन्न परियोजनाओं के तहत भारत की ओर से अनेकों स्कूल बस, एंबुलेंस, किताबें व स्वास्थ्य की अन्य सुविधाएं भी प्रदान की गई हैं। उल्लेखनीय है कि भारत वहां के अनेक परियोजनाओं के लिए फंडिंग भी कर रहा है साथ ही चरणबद्ध तरीके से घरों व अन्य इंफ्रास्ट्रक्चर के निर्माण में मदद कर रहा है। भारतीय दूतावास ने  1994 से अब तक एडवांस लाइफ सपोर्ट, बेसिक लाइफ सपोर्ट और कॉमन लाइफ सपोर्ट एंबुलेंस समेत  करीब 823 एंबुलेंस उपहार में दिया है। 
  3.  बापू सैनिक संघ के प्रतिनिधि के तौर पर  हवलदार तुला गिरी ( Havaldar Tula Giri) काठमांडू से धारचूला आए और एंबुलेंस की सुविधा प्राप्त की। उन्होंने भारत सरकार के प्रति आभार व्यक्त करते हुए कहा कि इससे बीमार लोगों को उनके घरों तक पहुंचाने में मदद मिलेगी। उन्होंने कहा, ‘मैं बहुत खुश हूं। हमें एंबुलेंस देने के लिए मैं दूतावास को शुक्रिया कहना चाहूंगा। अब धारचूला में सड़क का भी निर्माण कराया जा रहा है, अब हम अपने भाईयों एवं बहनों की जिंदगी बचाने में कामयाबी हासिल करेंगे।’

(Dainik Jagran, 8 October 2020) News Link

  1. India takes strong punch at Pakistan, calls for strong action against terrorism supportersKey points:
  2. India’s first secretary at United Nations in New York, Yedla Umasankar said,” We believe that our fight against terrorism should not only seek to eliminate terrorists and disrupt terror organizations/networks but should also identify/hold accountable and take strong measures against States that encourage, support and finance terrorism, provide sanctuary to terrorists and terror groups.”
  3. At various global platforms, India has raised the issue of cross border terrorism, and this is something that other countries in the region like Afghanistan have also done.The statement said, “India has been and continues to be a victim of terrorism sponsored across our borders” and “no cause whatsoever or grievance can justify terrorism, including State-sponsored cross-border terrorism.”
  4. India at the UN highlighted that it is committed to counter-terrorism by “exchanging information, capacity building for effective border controls, preventing misuse of modern technologies, monitoring and curbing illicit financial flows.”

(DNA India, 8 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Tibet
  • Head of Tibetan exile government still seeks autonomy on anniversary of annexation

Key points:

  1. Speaking to DW, Sangay alleged that China had long been planning to use Tibet as a launching pad to take over regions of India, Bhutan and Kashmir.
  2. The head of the Tibetan government in exile, Lobsang Sangay, told DW on Wednesday that on the 70th anniversary of the Chinese annexation of Tibet, he was still fighting for autonomy.
  3. The Tibetan government in exile, called the Central Tibetan Administration, was formed in 1959. Based in India, it is elected by the Tibetan diaspora and refugees. (DW, 8 October 2020) News Link
  • Relation with Afghanistan
  • PM Modi assures Abdullah Abdullah of India’s support for Afghan peace process

Key points:

  1. Abdullah, chairman of the High Council for National Reconciliation in Afghanistan, met Modi at his official residence to brief him on the peace process and the talks currently being held by the Afghan government and the Taliban at Doha in Qatar.
  2. “Pleased to meet HE Narendra Modi @narendramodi, the Prime Minister of Republic of #India. In our friendly discussion we took stock of the latest developments on the #AfghanPeaceProcess, the talks in Doha, & India’s support for the peace efforts,” Abdullah tweeted.
  3. “HE PM assured me of India’s continued support for the peace process, & Afghanistan. I thanked him & the people of India for the invitation, & generous hospitality. I also thanked India for its principled position on the #AfghanPeaceProcess,” he added in another tweet. (Hindustan Times, 8 October 2020) News Link
  • NSA Ajit Doval meets Afghan peace negotiator Abdullah Abdullah in Delhi

Key points:

  1. Afghan peace negotiator Abdullah Abdullah on Wednesday discussed his country’s peace process with National Security Adviser Ajit Doval, who told him India is in favour of a democratic and sovereign Afghanistan “where no terrorists can operate”.
  2. Abdullah tweeted that he had a “constructive discussion” with Doval on the Afghan peace process and the talks in Doha. “He [Doval] assured me of India’s full support for the peace efforts, and that any peace settlement acceptable to Afghans, will have the support of India,” Abdullah said.
  3. “He [Doval] further stated that his country is in favour [of] an independent, democratic, sovereign & peaceful Afghanistan, where no terrorists can operate,” he added.
  4. Abdullah also thanked India for its continued support for Afghanistan and its “constructive role in peace efforts”.
  5. There was no official word on the meeting from the Indian side.

(Hindustan Times, 8 October 2020) News Link

  1. PM Modi virtually address Invest India Conference in Canada: Key points

Key points:

  1. The forum aims to give Canadian business community a first-hand perspective of the opportunities to invest in India and showcase India as an investment destination.
    1. There is one thing common to most people in the audience. It has people who take investment decisions. I want to ask you: What do you think about before investing in a country? Does the country have a vibrant democracy? Does the country have political stability? Does the country have investment & business-friendly policies? Does the country have a skilled talent pool? The undisputed answer to all these questions is one: India.
    1. India-Canada bilateral ties are driven by our shared democratic values and many common interests. The trade and investment linkages between us are integral to our multifaceted relationship.
    1. Canada is home to some of the largest & most experienced infrastructure investors. Canadian Pension Funds were the first ones to start investing in India. Many of them have already discovered great opportunities in a range of areas like highways, airports, logistics.
    1. In the post-Covid world, you will often hear of various kinds of problems. Problems of manufacturing, problems of supply chains, problems of PPE, etc. However, India has not let those problems be. We showed resilience and emerged as a land of solutions.

(Times of India, 8 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with US
  1. True potential of India-US relations yet to come: Envoy

Key points:

  1. India’s Ambassador to the US Taranjit Singh Sandhu, addressing a virtual meeting of ‘India-Colorado Partnership: Opportunities’ organised by India’s Consulate in Houston, said that the US-India partnership is underpinned by democratic ideals, shared economic and security interests as well as robust people-to-people ties.
  2. “I can assure you that India will continue to shine as a beacon of peace, hope and stability in this increasingly uncertain and unpredictable world. And the US will remain an important friend and a close partner for us. And I personally believe that the true potential of India-US relations is yet to come!” he said on Wednesday.
  3. “Today, we are looking at new opportunities for collaboration. While there’s vast potential in almost every sector, there are inherent synergies and complementarities between our countries in certain key areas: These include health and pharma, IT and digital space, and energy, especially renewable energy. The significance of each of these sectors has only increased during the pandemic,” Sandhu said.

(Economic Times, 8 October 2020) News Link

  • Target for India-US bilateral trade set at US 500 Bn: Piyush Goyal

Key points:

  1. While addressing to the India Chamber of Commerce USA’s Summit on Global Financial & Investment Leadership on Wednesday he said that the Indian Government is committed to being bold, open, and change.
  2. The minister said that we are at the cusp of a very enduring relationship. He said that the US & India have a long journey ahead of us working together leveraging on huge reform measures that Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has taken under Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
  3. He said that the potential between the US & India is boundless. “We are partners who trust each other & we can make rapid strides to provide a trusted source to American businesses to work with a country which is transparent where there is rule-based trading & dialogue.
  4. The Minister said that India today is moving out of the past into a mindset of high-quality products, greater global engagement, and greater share of world trade. He said that this isn’t time for a conservative approach, it’s time for bold decisions & bold investments.
  5. He said that a great reflection of India-US relation is the bilateral discussion that US Secretary of state M.Pompeo & Indian Foreign Minister SJ Jaishankar had in Tokyo on the sidelines of the QUAD & the fact that 3rd India-US 2+2 dialogue is expected to take place later this month on 26th & 27th October.

(KNN India, 8 October 2020) News Link

  • European countries
  1. French envoy extends best wishes to IAF on 88th Air Force Day

Key points:

  1. French Ambassador to India Emmanuel Lenain on Thursday extended best wishes to the Indian Air Force (IAF) on 88th Air Force Day.
  2. In a tweet, Lenain mentioned that from Ouragan/Toofani in the 1950s to Mirage2000 and now Rafale, France has always partnered with the IAF.
  3. “Congratulations @IAF_MCC on 88th Air Force Day2020! From Ouragan/Toofani in the 1950s to Mirage2000 and now Rafale, France has always partnered with the Indian Air Force!” he tweeted.

(Hindustan Times, 8 October 2020) News Link

Rising Bharat International News Feed: September 5th 2020

  1. India’s security would be maintained in ‘extended neighborhood’ as well: Gen Bipin Rawat

Key points:

  1. In the emerging defense paradigm, India’s security would be maintained not only along the northern and western borders but in the strategic space of the “extended neighborhood” as well, Chief of Defense Staff Gen Bipin Rawat said on Saturday.
  2. He also said that India values its emerging relationship with the US and cherishes its traditional relationship with Russia, adding the country shares a mature and robust defense and security framework with both these powers.
  3. Talking about the regional security paradigm, he touched upon key aspects of India’s security doctrine. In this context, he mentioned International Border (IB) and Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan as about Line of Actual Control (LAC) with China.

(Hindustan times, 05 Sept, 2020)News Link

  1. Families allege 5 men kidnapped by China’s PLA from Arunachal, probe underway

Key points:

  1. Arunachal Pradesh police has launched a probe following reports that five people, who had gone hunting in a forest in Upper Subansiri district on the Sino-India border, were allegedly kidnapped by the Chinese military, a senior official said on Saturday, The alleged incident occurred on Friday in Nacho area of the district, their families said. Two others, who were in the group, managed to escape and informed police.
  2. “I have sent the officer-in-charge of the Nacho police station to the area to verify the facts and directed him to report immediately. However, the report will be available only by Sunday morning,” Superintendent of Police Taru Gussar said.

(Hindustan times, 05 Sept, 2020)News Link

  1. China’s PLA in race to reach the green line in Ladakh

Key points:

  1. The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), under commander-in-chief Xi Jinping, defines its Tibet border with Ladakh by a green line that runs over finger 4 relief feature on the north bank of Pangong Tso and nearly claims all the Chushul Valley on the south banks of the salt-water body. This line was defined by the Chinese on the map in 1960 and since then it is the ambition of each ruler of ‘forbidden city’ to reach that objective.
  2. However, due to the Indian Army’s pre-emption on August 29, 30, 31, the PLA’s objective of unilaterally changing the facts on the ground could not be achieved and hence the irritation among the Chinese government against India.
  3. While the leaders of communist China were talking peace and tranquillity to their military and diplomatic counterparts, the PLA was militarily beefing up to reach the green claim line on the southern banks of Pangong Tso on the night of August 29-30.

(Hindustan times, 05 Sept, 2020)News Link

  • PLA faces off Indian Army at two points in Chushul, China talks peace

Key points:

  1. The tough meeting between Indian and Chinese defense ministers in Moscow on Friday evening converged on both sides willing to explore the peace option albeit the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has beefed up its positions south of Pangong Tso with its troops facing the Indian Army at two points.
  2. According to diplomats based both in New Delhi and Moscow, Indian defense minister Rajnath Singh and his Chinese counterpart General Wei Fenghe both held their positions while indicating that both countries were willing to give peace a chance in Ladakh. Singh is en-route to Delhi via Tehran.
  3. However, even as the two senior leaders discussed the issue, the PLA continued to be aggressive mode south of Pangong Tso as it faces Indian Army troopers at the bump feature and at Rechin La in the Chushul Valley. According to senior officials, around 150 PLA troops are deployed at the bump feature with an anti-aircraft gun being moved up the Black Top by the Chinese army on its side of the Line of Actual Control (LAC).

(Hindustan times, 05 Sept, 2020)News Link

  • Pro Bharat activity by other countries
    • Tibetan detained for protesting outside Chinese embassy

Key points:

  1. A Tibetan national has been detained by the Delhi Police from outside the Embassy of China in the diplomatic area of Chanakyapuri, New Delhi, where he had come to stage a protest on Saturday morning, officials said. The detained Tibetan citizen has been taken to a nearby police station, where he is being questioned to ascertain why he was protesting outside the embassy, carrying a flag in his hand.
  2. “We have detained the Tibetan national as soon as he reached there. He is being questioned to know the reason behind the protest. We have deployed police personnel outside the Chinese embassy and traffic has also been diverted to ensure nobody else reaches there for demonstration,” said additional deputy commissioner of police (New Delhi) Deepak Yadav.

(Hindustan times, 05 September, 2020) News Link

  • Relation with US
  1. Would love to help India, China resolve border dispute, says Trump

Key points:

  1. US President Donald Trump on Friday expressed his readiness once again to “help” India and China resolve their border situation, which he described as “very nasty”, Answering questions at a White House briefing, the president also expressed confidence that Indian Americans will vote for him in the November 3 elections citing the “incredible” turnout at the Howdy Modi event in Houston last September.
  2. India and China are “going at it pretty good on the border, as you know, it’s been very nasty, it’s been a very nasty situation,” the president said at the briefing, segueing into the conflict in response to a question about his campaign’s outreach to Indian American voters spearheaded by his son Donald Trump Jr and his partner Kimberley Guilfoyle.
  3. The American President had extended an offer to mediate the standoff way back in May. “We have informed both India and China that the United States is ready, willing and able to mediate or arbitrate their now raging border dispute,” he had written in a tweet. Both sides turned him down.

(Hindustan Times, 05 September, 2020) News Link

  1. Pak violates ceasefire in Kashmir’s Nowgam sector, one soldier killed

Key points:

  1. An Army soldier was killed and two others got injured during an incident of ceasefire violation in north Kashmir’s Nowgam sector on Saturday. Defense spokesman said that Pakistan initiated an unprovoked Ceasefire Violation (CFV) along the Line of Control in Nowgam sector, Baramulla on the morning September 5 by firing Mortars and other weapons.
  2. Officials said that Pakistani troopers used light weapons and mortars. The Indian soldiers deployed on the forward posts also responded to the ceasefire violation.
  3. Nowgam sector falls under the jurisdiction of strategic 19 infantry division.

(Hindustan Times, 05 September, 2020) News Link

  • Kashmir can’t be removed from UN agenda: Pakistan

Key Points:

  1. Pakistan reminded India on Friday that Kashmir cannot be removed from the agenda of the UN Security Council (UNSC), which was committed to resolving the issue according to the wishes of the Kashmiri people.
  2. “Indian representatives are either deluding themselves, or deluding their public, by asserting that they will remove Kashmir from the Security Council’s agenda,” said Munir Akram, Pakistan’s permanent representative to the United Nations, while commenting on the Indian move. It will not happen he said.
  3. India asked the UN body earlier this week to remove Kashmir from its agenda to prevent Pakistan from raising it at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly, which begins in New York later this month.

(Dawn.com, 05 September, 2020) News Link

Rising Bharat Swadeshi News Feed: August 16th 2020

Economic support to other countries

India rushes emergency technical support to Mauritius to control oil spill as part of extended neighbourhood outreach
Key points:

  1. Delhi as part of its Indian Ocean Region outreach has dispatched over 30 tonnes of technical equipment and material on board an Indian Force Aircraft to Mauritius to supplement the country’s ongoing oil spill containment and salvage operations.
  2. The move in India’s extended neighbourhood was made following a request of the Government of Mauritius (GoM) for assistance in dealing with the environmental crisis due to oil spill on its south-east coast.
  3. The specialized equipment on board IAF aircraft, consisting of Ocean Booms, River Booms, Disc Skimmers, Heli Skimmers, Power packs, Blowers, Salvage barge and Oil absorbent Graphene pads and other accessories, is specifically designed to contain the oil slick, skim oil from water, and assist in clean up and salvage operations, according to a MEA statement.
  4. A 10-member Technical Response Team, consisting of Indian Coast Guard (ICG) personnel specially trained for dealing with oil spill containment measures, has also been deployed to Mauritius to extend necessary technical and operational assistance at the site.
    (Economic Times, 16 August 2020) News Link

Investment in Bharat by other Countries

India’s key Central European partner Poland keen to increase two-way investments in post-Covid scenario
Key points

Central Europe’s biggest nation and India’s traditional partner in the region is keen to invest in India and simultaneously keen to expand basket of Indian investments in the country.

India is the primary location in Asia for Polish investors (currently 270 mln USD).

Increasing two-way investments was one of key issues discussed at the Indo-Polish Foreign Office Consultations held last week through a virtual meet. Poland has also proposed cooperation with India on research and innovation.

It may be recalled that the Polish Investment and Trade Agency opened a new Foreign Trade Office in Mumbai in 2018.

Poland is India’s largest trade partner and export destination in the Central European region, with bilateral trade growing almost seven-fold over the last ten years. As per Indian statistics, the overall value of bilateral trade in 2018 was $ 2.351 billion.

India and Poland signed a Memorandum of Understanding last year to enhance bilateral cooperation in the coal and mining sector.
(Economic Times, 16 August 2020) News Link

Manufacturing in Bharat by Bhartiya companies

  1. BEL supplies 30K ventilators in 4 months amid corona pandemic

Key points:

  1. Contributing its share to the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, state-run Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) has rolled out a whopping 30,000 ventilators in four months to treat Covid-19 patient across the country, an official said on Sunday.
  2. The Health Ministry had in April placed an order with the BEL to make 30,000 ICU ventilators to strengthen the healthcare infrastructure for combating the coronavirus pandemic across the country.
  3. The ventilators were made in collaboration with the Mysuru-based Skanray Technologies Ltd under a licensing agreement while the state-run Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) provided the design.
  4. Braving odds due to the Covid-induced lockdown restrictions that disrupted the supply chains, the ventilators were manufactured in a record time with the support of the Karnataka government

(Economic Times, 16 August 2020) News Link

Vaccine Development

  1. 3 COVID Vaccines In Trial Phase, India Ready To Mass-Produce Says PM Modi

Key points:

  1. PM Modi saluted Indian scientists and said that there are over three homegrown vaccines being worked on right now.
  2. While Covaxin, which has been produced by Bharat BioTech in collaboration with Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune was one of the first to be launched, another candidate in the race is ZyCOV-D, which has been developed by Ahmedabad based Zydus Cadila, using a DNA and recombinant measles virus strain.
  3. Both the vaccines, which started trials in early July entered phase II trials in August, making them one of the quickest vaccines to reach the mid-scale phase of testing.
  4. PM Modi, who also announced the launch of National Health Mission for the public also discussed plans of how vaccines will be distributed in the country. 

(TOI, 16 August 2020) News Link

Startup in Bharat by Bhartiya

  1. आईआईटी बॉम्बे से पढ़ाई की, लेकिन नौकरी के लिए रिज्यूम भी नहीं बनाया, आज ऑर्गेनिक फार्मिंग से सालाना 9 लाख रु कमा रहे

Key points:

  1. मध्यप्रदेश के शाजापुर जिले के कालापीपल तहसील के छापरी गांव के रहने वाले तथागत बारोड़ बतौर डिग्री तो इंजीनियर हैं लेकिन अब प्रोफेशन से किसान बन गए हैं।
  2. उन्होंने मौलाना आजाद नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ टेक्नोलॉजी (मैनिट) भोपाल से बीटेक और फिर आईआईटी बॉम्बे से मास्टर्स करने के बाद किसी मल्टीनेशनल कंपनी में नौकरी करने के बजाय खेती को करियर चुना और ऑर्गेनिक फार्मिंग की शुरुआत की।
  3. उन्होंने एक गौशाला भी शुरू की है। जहां अभी 17 गाय हैं। जिनसे दूध और उससे बने प्रोडक्ट वो तैयार करते हैं।
  4. साथ ही उन्होंने गोबर गैस प्लांट भी लगाया है, जिसके गैस से उनके घर का काम चलता है, खाना पकता है। पशुओं के गोबर और मूत्र से वे तैयार खाद का प्रयोग अपने खेतों में करते हैं, उन्हें बाहर से खाद नहीं खरीदनी पड़ती है।
  5. तथागत ने अब तक करीब 140 परिवारों तक अपनी पहुंच बना ली है। वे उनके घर के लिए प्रोडक्ट तैयार करते हैं।

(Bhaskar, 16 August 2020) News Link