Tag Archives: Independence Day

15th of August 1947 Message by Sri Aurobindo

The 15th of August 1947 Message by Sri Aurobindo

[Sri Aurobindo wrote this message at the request of All India Radio, Tiruchirapalli, India, for broadcast on the eve of India’s independence. This is the message which was broadcast on August 14, 1947. It is of special relevance and importance even now.]

August 15th, 1947 is the birthday of free India. It marks for her the end of an old era, the beginning of a new age. But we can also make it by our life and acts as a free nation an important date in a new age opening for the whole world, for the political, social, cultural and spiritual future of humanity.

August 15th is my own birthday and it is naturally gratifying to me that it should have assumed this vast significance. I take this coincidence, not as a fortuitous accident, but as the sanction and seal of the Divine Force that guides my steps on the work with which I began life, the beginning of its full fruition. Indeed, on this day I can watch almost all the world-movements which I hoped to see fulfilled in my lifetime, though then they looked like impracticable dreams, arriving at fruition or on their way to achievement. In all these movements free India may well play a large part and take a leading position.

The first of these dreams was a revolutionary movement which would create a free and united India. India today is free but she has not achieved unity. At one moment it almost seemed as if in the very act of liberation she would fall back into the chaos of separate States which preceded the British conquest. But fortunately it now seems probable that this danger will be averted and a large and powerful, though not yet a complete union will be established. Also, the wisely drastic policy of the Constituent Assembly has made it probable that the problem of the depressed classes will be solved without schism or fissure. But the old communal division into Hindus and Muslims seems now to have hardened into a permanent political division of the country. It is to be hoped that this settled fact will not be accepted as settled for ever or as anything more than a temporary expedient. For if it lasts, India may be seriously weakened, even crippled: civil strife may remain always possible, possible even a new invasion and foreign conquest. India’s internal development and prosperity may be impeded, her position among the nations weakened, her destiny impaired or even frustrated. This must not be; the partition must go. Let us hope that that may come about naturally, by an increasing recognition of the necessity not only of peace and concord but of common action, by the practice of common action and the creation of means for that purpose. In this way unity may finally come about under whatever form—the exact form may have a pragmatic but not a fundamental importance. But by whatever means, in whatever way, the division must go; unity must and will be achieved, for it is necessary for the greatness of India’s future.

Another dream was for the resurgence and liberation of the peoples of Asia and her return to her great role in the progress of human civilisation. Asia has arisen; large parts are now quite free or are at this moment being liberated: its other still subject or partly subject parts are moving through whatever struggles towards freedom. Only a little has to be done and that will be done today or tomorrow. There India has her part to play and has begun to play it with an energy and ability which already indicate the measure of her possibilities and the place she can take in the council of the nations.

The third dream was a world-union forming the outer basis of a fairer, brighter and nobler life for all mankind. That unification of the human world is under way; there is an imperfect initiation organised but struggling against tremendous difficulties. But the momentum is there and it must inevitably increase and conquer. Here too India has begun to play a prominent part and, if she can develop that larger statesmanship which is not limited by the present facts and immediate possibilities but looks into the future and brings it nearer, her presence may make all the difference between a slow and timid and a bold and swift development. A catastrophe may intervene and interrupt or destroy what is being done, but even then the final result is sure. For unification is a necessity of Nature, an inevitable movement. Its necessity for the nations is also clear, for without it the freedom of the small nations may be at any moment in peril and the life even of the large and powerful nations insecure. The unification is therefore to the interests of all, and only human imbecility and stupid selfishness can prevent it; but these cannot stand for ever against the necessity of Nature and the Divine Will. But an outward basis is not enough; there must grow up an international spirit and outlook, international forms and institutions must appear, perhaps such developments as dual or multilateral citizenship, willed interchange or voluntary fusion of cultures. Nationalism will have fulfilled itself and lost its militancy and would no longer find these things incompatible with self-preservation and the integrality of its outlook. A new spirit of oneness will take hold of the human race.

Another dream, the spiritual gift of India to the world has already begun. India’s spirituality is entering Europe and America in an ever increasing measure. That movement will grow; amid the disasters of the time more and more eyes are turning towards her with hope and there is even an increasing resort not only to her teachings, but to her psychic and spiritual practice.

The final dream was a step in evolution which would raise man to a higher and larger consciousness and begin the solution of the problems which have perplexed and vexed him since he first began to think and to dream of individual perfection and a perfect society. This is still a personal hope and an idea, an ideal which has begun to take hold both in India and in the West on forward-looking minds. The difficulties in the way are more formidable than in any other field of endeavour, but difficulties were made to be overcome and if the Supreme Will is there, they will be overcome. Here too, if this evolution is to take place, since it must proceed through a growth of the spirit and the inner consciousness, the initiative can come from India and, although the scope must be universal, the central movement may be hers.

Such is the content which I put into this date of India’s liberation; whether or how far this hope will be justified depends upon the new and free India.


Respect the National Flag

The Supreme Court in 2002 had decided that the Indian national flag can be hoisted & displayed by individuals in their homes and in their personal capacity as well.

There is a new trend of selling flags made up of paper and plastic. With a sense of pride, people enthusiastically buy such flags but the very next day, we find these flags being trampled upon the road, in dustbins and elsewhere. In this context, people forget that they are insulting the flag. Often, these flags are burnt along with garbage. It is the duty of every individual to maintain proper respect of the National Flag. From this point of view the following dos & donts will prove useful.

Do’s and Don’ts

  • Hoist the Flag at a height in a suitable manner.
  • Do not let small children use the National Flag as a toy.
  • Do not use or buy plastic Flags.
  • Do not use the Flag for decoration.
  • Take care to see that the Flag does not get crumpled.
  • Take care to see that the National Flag is not trampled upon or torn.
  • Do not let the Flag fall on the ground.
  • Do not join cloth pieces to resemble the National Flag.


Very few people know that this act of throwing away the national flag is actually an offence and there is a proper way for disposing of the soiled or torn national flag. This set of rules is mentioned in the Flag Code of India, 2002

What I can do?

You can participate in this campaign by doing as much ever possible.

1. Be Proactive: In order to prevent any of the aforementioned untoward incidents, you can circulate this information among your friends, relatives.

2. Disposal : Collect spoilt flags and respectfully dispose them by burning or by burial. The proper way of burning an Indian National Flag is by starting a fire and respectfully placing folded flags in the fire. If the flags are directly burned without folding them or lit by its end, it is considered to be a legal offence.  To bury the flags, we need a wooden box in which all the flags need to be folded and placed. Once these flags are collected in the box, it needs to be buried.

3. Circulate the information to schools by putting these dos and donts on their notice boards.

4. You can try and educate maximum number of people you come in contact with.

5. Form a group in order to educate people on this issue and prevent disrespect of flag.

సాధారణ ప్రజానీకం కూడా తమ ఇళ్ళలో, వ్యక్తిగతంగా జాతీయపతాకాన్ని ఎగురవేయవచ్చని సర్వోన్నత న్యాయస్థానం 2002లో స్పష్టం చేసింది.

అప్పటినుంచి కాగితం, ప్లాస్టిక్ జెండాల తయారీ, అమ్మకాలు పెరిగాయి. జాతీయదినోత్సవాల రోజున ప్రజలు ఎంతో ఉత్సాహంగా, దేశభక్తి ఉట్టిపడుతూ ఈ జెండాలను కొనడం, విరివిగా ఉపయోగించడం చూస్తున్నాము. కానీ విచారించవలసిన విషయం ఏమిటంటే ఆ మర్నాడు ఈ జెండాలన్నీ వీధుల్లో చెల్లాచెదురుగా పడిఉంటాయి. అంతకుముందు రోజు గర్వంగా తమ గుండెలపై వాటిని ధరించినవాళ్లే కాళ్లతో తొక్కుకుంటూ తిరుగుతుండటం కనిపిస్తుంది. చెత్తకుండీలలో కూడా ఇవి కనిపిస్తాయి. ఇలా తమ జాతీయపతాకాన్ని తామే అవమానిస్తున్నామని వాళ్ళు గ్రహించడంలేదు. కొన్నిసార్లు ఈ జెండాలను మిగతా చెత్తతోపాటు కలిపి తగలబెడుతుంటారు. జాతీయపతాకాన్ని గౌరవించడం ప్రతి పౌరుడి ప్రాధమిక కర్తవ్యం. కనుక జాతీయపతాకం విషయంలో మనం తీసుకోవలసిన జాగ్రత్తలు ఏమిటో చూద్దాం –

  • జాతీయపతాకాన్ని తగిన ఎత్తులో సరిగా ఎగురవేయాలి
  • పిల్లలు జెండాను ఆట వస్తువుగా చూడకుండా జాగ్రత్తవహించాలి
  • ప్లాస్టిక్ జెండాలను కొనకూడదు.
  • అలంకరణ కోసం జాతీయజెండాను ఉపయోగించకూడదు.
  • జెండా నలిగిపోకుండా,చిరిగిపోకుండా చూడాలి
  • జాతీయపతాకాన్ని ఎవరు తొక్కకుండా జాగ్రత్తవహించాలి
  • జెండా నేలపై పడకుండా చూసుకోవాలి
  • జాతీయజెండాను పోలిఉండేట్లుగా బట్ట ముక్కలను కలిపి కుట్టకూడదు.

ఇలా జాతీయపతాకాన్ని ఎక్కడపడితే అక్కడ పారవేయడం, తొక్కడం నేరమని చాలమందికి తెలియదు. ఒకవేళ జెండా చిరిగిపోతే, పాడైపోతే దానిని ఎలా తీసివేయాలన్నది కూడా తెలియదు. ఈ నియమాలు 2002 జాతీయపతాక నిబంధనావళిలో పొందుపరచారు.

ఏం చేయాలి?

  1. చొరవతీసుకోవాలి: జాతీయపతాకానికి పైన చెప్పిన పద్దతిలో ఎలాంటి అవమానం జరగకుండా ఉండేందుకు దీనిగురించి ఇతరులకు అవగాహన కలిగించడంలో మనం చొరవ తీసుకోవాలి.
  2. జెండాను తొలగించడం: పాడైపోయిన జెండాను జాగ్రత్తగా తీసివేసి,ఎక్కడైనా పాతిపెట్టడమో,కాల్చివేయడమో చేయాలి.  పాడైపోయిన జెండాను మడతపెట్టి గౌరవపూర్వకంగా మంటలో వేయాలితప్ప నిర్లక్ష్యంగా విసిరివేయకూడదు. ఇలా చేయకుండా జెండాను చేతిలో పట్టుకుని ఒక పక్క మంట పెట్టడం చట్టరీత్యా నేరం. పాడైన జెండాలను పూడ్చిపెట్టలంటే వాటన్నిటిని ఒక చెక్క పెట్టెలో పెట్టాలి.
  3. అవగాహన కల్పించాలి: జాతీయజెండా విషయంలో ఏమి చేయాలి,ఏమి చేయకూడదన్నది పాఠశాలలు,కళాశాలల్లో తెలియచెప్పాలి.
  4. అలాగే మన స్నేహితులు,బంధువులకు కూడా ఈ విషయాలు చెప్పాలి.
  5. జాతీయపతాకం విషయంలో మన అనుచిత వ్యవహారాన్ని గురించి హెచ్చరించేందుకు,సరైన పద్దతిని  తెలియచేయడానికి ఒక బృందంగా ఏర్పడి పనిచేయాలి.