Tag Archives: Kashmir

Kashmir. Perpetually in the news, for the wrong reasons.

by Ira Pande
————————
‘Kashmir is an integral part of India’. I have heard this line parroted by leaders of all political hues. It has always sounded like an arbitrary statement designed to rebuff Pakistan, and to reaffirm India’s military might over a coveted geographical area.
Recently I came across facts that have changed my perspective on Kashmir totally. Facts that have astounded me. But more than that baffled me, for they reveal glaring lacunae in the history we have been led to believe so far.
Understandable that the British established a syllabus for us that was designed to obliterate our glories and inculcate shame in us for all things Indian. But, 70 years past independence, we are guilty of still toeing their line. Why?????
The facts I speak of are proof that Kashmir is the fountainhead from which flows our culture, in fact everything that defines our identity as Indians.
Due to my education in an elite school, i had considered myself reasonably well  informed. Yet, i had no clue at all about the significance of Kashmir vis a vis Indian history and that it was home to Panini, whose Ashtadhyayi is considered the most scientific and flawless treatise on grammar in the world.
Patanjali, who gifted to humanity his Yog Sutra..
Sharangdev, considered the father of both Hindustani and Carnatic music.
Acharya Abhinav Gupt, one of the greatest scholars of all times, who wrote 46 literary classics, including the renowned Abhinav Bharti. His principles of ras are being taught in 80 universities around the world.
Kashmir was considered the abode of Saraswati, the highest seat of learning in India, and was also referred to as Sharda Peeth. So much so that when students graduated from Kashi, they took 4 symbolic steps towards Kashmir, denoting their aspiration for higher learning.
Almost the entire body of Sanskrit literature has its origins in Kashmir.
Rajtarangini, an authoritative historical tome on the royal lineage of Kashmir, written by Kalhana in the 12th century, outlines the greatness of King Lalitaditya, possibly the most powerful Indian Emperor of all times, whose kingdom in the 8th century extended from the Caspian Sea in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south, and included Assam in the east.
How many Indians have even heard his name???
How many of us know that Srinagar was established by Ashoka ?
That Mahayana Buddhism was spread across Mid Asia, China and Japan by Kashmiri monks?
Who are these educationists who are deliberately withholding such vital slices of history from our text books?
How will the present as well as future generations realize that Kashmir is the keystone of our heritage through millenia, finding mention even in our oldest scriptures?
It is not a piece of land. It is the abode of the soul of India.
“Kashmir is an integral part of India” now  has a new meaning for me. It is no longer a statement, but an impassioned avowal!
Advertisements

Amnesty International – Forum for Anti India Activists

NGO Amnesty International was booked for sedition charges by Bangalore police after anti-India slogans were raised in an event hosted by the NGO for human rights. During the event ‘Broken Families’ at United Theological College which was organized on Saturday as a part of a campaign to seek justice for victims of human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir, anti-India slogans were raised the some members of the audience.

 

The event was attended by activists, journalists and the relatives of Kashmiris who had gone missing allegedly because of covert operations by security forces. Several families shared their stories of loss, while others presented their views on the current situation in the state. Among the panellists were journalist Seema Mustafa, and former journalist RK Mattoo.
Heated arguments began when Mattoo praised the Indian Army called them very disciplined. Some of the members of the audience took objection to these remarks. some “pro-freedom” Kashmiris, most of whom were youngsters and students, entered into heated arguments with a Kashmiri Pandit leader for hailing the Indian Army and shouted Slogans for and against the army presence in Kashmir were raised. Later on, people also raised slogans for ‘azaadi’.
Opposing these, the members of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad complained the matter with the Bangalore police.  ABVP demanded the arrest of people who participated in this anti-national program. They also claimed that when ABVP workers came forward to stop this, they were assaulted. ABVP activists, who staged a protest on Monday against the event, had also filed a complaint with the police along with a CD containing video recording of the event. Karnataka Home Minister G Parameshwara had yesterday said the intention and background of those involved will be investigated.
According to the complaint of the ABVP, a student organisation, participants “sang anti-national songs, raised anti-national slogans, made anti-India and anti-national speeches and raised slogans saying India’s Kashmir should go to Pakistan.” It also claimed that the event supported terrorism and Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence, and was thus anti-India.
The case was registered under IPC sections — 142 (being member of an unlawful assembly), 143 (whoever is a member of an unlawful assembly), 147 (rioting), 124A (sedition), 153A (promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony). However, the police said they would investigate the matter before making any arrests.
After the event, the Amnesty released a statement saying, “Amnesty International as a matter of policy does not take any position in favour of or against demands for self-determination. However, Amnesty International India considers that the right to freedom of expression under international human rights law protects the right to peacefully advocate political solutions that do not involve incitement to discrimination, hostility and violence.”

A case has been filed under various sections of the Indian Penal Code, including unlawful assembly, rioting, sedition, promoting enmity and common intent. However, the police said they would investigate the matter before making any arrests.

Courtesy: Newsbharati

Lessons from Burhan Wani Episode to Patriots

imThe article is a Reader’s Contribution 

  • –  By Surendra K

If a member of a family dies, its impact is felt within the immediate family and relatives. Similarly if any socially-admired person dies, his influenced circle in the society will be affected. Not surprisingly, the killing of a dreaded Hizbul Mujahedeen terrorist Burhan Wani by Jammu and Kashmir police in India hugely disturbed the Pakistani government and Wani’s handlers, operating terrorists, organisations like LeT, Hizbul Mujahedeen and most of the Kashmiri separatists.
Based on an anonymous tip-off, the Special Operation Group of J&K police along with 19 Rashtriya Rifles raided (http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/jk-valley-on-boil-after-face-of-new-militancy-burhan-wani-is-shot-dead-hizbul-mujahideen-2902395/ ) the hideout of Burhan Wani at Kowpora Kokernag in South Kashmir’s Anantnag district and killed him along with two of his associates Sartaj and Masoom on July 8, 2016. And since then some section of the Kashmir valley are protesting continuously against this encounter, disturbing the day-to-day life of ordinary people, indirectly forcing security forces to impose curfew to simmer down the heated atmosphere.

 

Burhan Wani

Burhan Wani – Courtesy – news.statestime.in

As soon as Burhan Wani’s death was aired, all patriotic citizens welcomed it and backed our brave soldiers, but it was bad news and nightmare for Wani’s handlers and terrorist-supporting Pakistani think tank. To convert this ‘bad news’ into good opportunity, the Pakistani handlers put all their best efforts and succeeded in converting the dead terrorist as martyr and labelling him as a ‘good terrorist’ and his death as an indirect loss to Kashmir valley.
These people have professionally executed their pre-planned agenda through their well knitted ecosystem comprising of religious preachers, Jihad elements, separatist leaders, political mileage seekers and their media friends operating in J&K as well as in Delhi.
Since then, all of them came under one umbrella, where separatists’ elements played Muslim/Jihad card. Politicians claimed that “We have special status as per Article 370”, which is different from rest of the country and instigated the Kashmir valley youth by deploying them onto the streets as stone-pelting foot soldiers.
Once this started unfolding on the ground, biased media jumped into the fray by claiming that Burhan was an ‘innocent boy’ from a humble family background and whose father was a respected school teacher. Further, they even went onto say absurd things like, had he not picked up the gun, Wani would have been a scientist like Einstein and many such stories kept making the rounds day after day in newspapers and on TV channels.
Knowingly or unknowingly, some of the citizens are taken for a ride by such kind of developments, and we have witnessed how these stone pelting mob confront police by attacking police stations and killing men on duty.
As per Jihad ideology, the first enemy to prevent in establishing Islamic law in any country other than an Islamic country is their security personal; so they apply the same tactics in India. In this case, the killers of Jihad ‘poster boy’ Burhan Wani are none other than our brave security forces, so they target them first.
Once these stone pelting lovers are busy on the ground, the causalities are unavoidable, whether with pellet guns or with lathis. Taking advantage of these unfolding developments, the separatists/Jihadist think tank/anti-India/anti-Hindu opinion-makers including section of media as well as opinion-builders, sitting across the border and within the borders jumped into action in one voice under the banners of human rights and freedom of expression (FoE) and started linking deaths and injuries of only civilians and connected them as chain of events with continuous news feed of ‘Breaking news’ appearing as panellists in TV and/ columnists in print media with their pre-planned agenda.

So what is the agenda of these forces?

First – Disturb the smooth sailing of PDP-BJP coalition government; break the growing trust between the government and people, and manufacture an environment where proposed Sainik colonies and townships for Kashmiri Hindus will be labelled as feasible, right now from government’s mouth.

Along with all these, the old and standard repeated line of “reduction of army presence” in the valley is taking centre stage. This is also the root cause for unrest in Jammu and Kashmir since many years along with batting for freedom or independence of the valley while singing the UN plebiscite tune.

If we closely observe all these developments, in a nutshell, it looks like these separatist forces do not leave any single opportunity in converting any anti-government sentiments into anti-India, anti-Hindu to suit their Jihadist agenda. Moreover, such forces are experts in artificially creating this kind of disturbing environment after the death of terrorists and preach every generation on how Indian government is using forces and suppressing their voice.

By summing up all these pre and post developments of any terror activities, the think tank will conclude by saying that, to fix this continuous problem of unrest in Kashmir, the only solution lies in the independence (‘azaadi’) and to achieve this, everyone in the valley small and big, men and women and children as a responsibility should come out on streets and fight using all violent and non-violent methods, be it using the mosques or by picking the gun as per their convenience.
In the midst of all this, the present Modi-led NDA government is doing its best to restore the things to normalcy by force or talks. Once this charged atmosphere comes down, the PDP-BJP coalition should speed up in moving towards fulfilling its poll promises and all-round development in the Jammu and Kashmir state. More importantly, at the earliest, government must push for construction of Sainik colonies as permanent houses to accommodate Kashmir Hindus without any further hesitation.

The parliament should draw a detailed plan to implement the 1994 resolution aimed at reclaiming the occupied lands from Pakistan, which we call it as ‘Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK).
Today, it is Burhan Wani, tomorrow some other terrorist. To stop all this, there is no ‘good’ (OR) ‘bad’ terrorist. Just eliminate them; bring the religious leaders of Kashmir valley on-board and devise a strategy to delink the religious overtones for a peaceful Bharath. In doing so, identify the anti-national and Pakistani-loving celebrities residing in India and shame them whenever there is an opportunity.

United Nations Resolution on Jammu & Kashmir

In the video below, Christine Fair, Associate professor at the Center for Peace and Security Studies (CPASS) asks a Pro-Pakistani “scholar” to get his facts right on the UN Resolution Kashmir.

While we taking the issue to the United Nations itself was a folly committed by Nehru, it is also worthwhile to note what the UN resolution on state of Jammu & Kashmir was all about.

It clearly states that Pakistan was to vacate its troops from the whole of the state.

It also mentions, albeit indirectly, that Pakistan had consistently lied on the question of whether or not its troops were involved in the fighting in Jammu & Kashmir. Once the then Pakistani Prime Minister conceded that Pakistani troops were indeed involved, the UN had no option but to ask for their withdrawal. That the withdrawal never took place, is another story.

The United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan

Having given careful consideration to the points of view expressed by the representatives of India and Pakistan regarding the situation in the State of Jammu and Kashmir; and

Being of the opinion that the prompt cessation of hostilities and the correction of conditions the continuance of which is likely to endanger international peace and security are essential to implementation of its endeavors to assist the Governments of India and Pakistan in effecting a final settlement of the situation;

Resolves to submit simultaneously to the Governments of India and Pakistan the following proposal:

PART I: CEASE-FIRE ORDER

A. The Governments of India and Pakistan agree that their respective High Commands will issue separately and simultaneously a cease-fire order to apply to all forces under their control and in the State of Jammu and Kashmir as of the earliest practicable date or dates to be mutually agreed upon within four days after these proposals have been accepted by both Governments.

B.The High Commands of the Indian and Pakistani forces agree to refrain from taking any measures that might augment the military potential of the forces under their control in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. ( For the purpose of these proposals forces under their control shall be considered to include all forces, organized and unorganized, fighting or participating in hostilities on their respective sides.

C.The Commanders-in-Chief of the forces of India and Pakistan shall promptly confer regarding any necessary local changes in present dispositions which may facilitate the cease-fire.

D. In its discretion and as the Commission may find practicable, the Commission will appoint military observers who, under the authority of the Commission and with the co-operation of both Commands, will supervise the observance of the cease-fire order.

E. The Government of India and the Government of Pakistan agree to appeal to their respective peoples to assist in creating and maintaining an atmosphere favourable to the promotion of further negotiations.

PART II: TRUCE AGREEMENT

Simultaneously with the acceptance of the proposal for the immediate cessation of hostilities as outlined in Part I, both the Governments accept the following principles as a basis for the formulation of a truce agreement, the details of which shall be worked out in discussion between their representatives and the Commission.

A.

1. As the presence of troops of Pakistan in the territory of the State of Jammu and Kashmir constitutes a material change in the situation since it was represented by the Government of Pakistan before the Security Council, the Government of Pakistan agrees to withdraw its troops from that State.

2. The Government of Pakistan will use its best endeavour to secure the withdrawal from the State of Jammu and Kashmir of tribesmen and Pakistani nationals not normally resident therein who have entered the State for the purpose of fighting.

3. Pending a final solution, the territory evacuated by the Pakistani troops will be administered by the local authorities under the surveillance of the commission.

B.

1.When the commission shall have notified the Government of India that the tribesmen and Pakistani nationals referred to in Part II, A, 2, hereof have withdrawn, thereby terminating the situation which was represented by the Government of India to the Security Council as having occasioned the presence of Indian forces in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and further, that the Pakistani forces are being withdrawn from the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the Government of India agrees to begin to withdraw the bulk of its forces from that State in stages to be agreed upon with the Commission.

2. Pending the acceptance of the conditions for a final settlement of the situation in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the Indian Government will maintain within the lines existing at the moment of the cease-fire the minimum strength of its forces which in agreement with the commission are considered necessary to assist local authorities in the observance of law and order. The Commission will have observers stationed where it deems necessary.

3. The Government of India will undertake to ensure that the Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir will take all measures within its powers to make it publicly known that peace, law and order will be safeguarded and that all human political rights will be granted.

4. Upon signature, the full text of the truce agreement or a communique containing the principles thereof as agreed upon between the two Governments and the Commission, will be made public.

PART III

The Government of India and the Government of Pakistan reaffirm their wish that the future status of the State of Jammu and Kashmir shall be determined in accordance with the will of the people and to that end, upon acceptance of the truce agreement, both Governments agree to enter into consultations with the Commission to determine fair and equitable conditions whereby such free expression will be assured.


Source: United Nations

Also Read

The 4 Myths on Jammu & Kashmir

1953 – The Kashmir Story

Our Kashmir – A book summary

The Genocide In Kashmir

 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel – Iron Man of India

SardarVallabhbhai Patel

Patel,Sardar Vallabhbhai(1875-1950)born on October 31,1875.After qualifying as a lawyer,he started practice in 1913 at Ahmadabad.Met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 and was instantly overwhelmed by his honesty and sincerity,he led Ahmadabad labour strike in 1918.Later leader of the Nagpur Flag Satyagraha(1923),and the Bardoli Movement in 1928.It is at that time that Mahatma Gandhi conferred him the title of “SARDAR”.In 1931,he was elected President of the Indian National Congress.Chairman of the Parliamentary Sub-Committee of the Indian National Congress,1935-40.Also took part in the Individual Satyagraha(1941) and the quit India Movement(1942),and was imprisoned in the Ahmadabad Fort up to June 1945 along with Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and other national leaders.In the interim Government,he served as Home Minister and after India won her freedom,he was made the Deputy Prime Minister of India.
One of the greatest contributions of Sardar Patel was to organise the princely states and induct them into the federal structure under the 1950 Constitution..President Rajendra Prasad said in an obituary estimate of his life and work “His life-long work shall ever remain a shining example of the sacrifices one should undertake in the service of the country.”

The rulers of Junagadh and Hyderabad were plotting secretly to join Pakistan. Patel sent an army under Brigadier Gurudayalsimha to the border of Junagadh to deal with Pakistan. The people of the state who wished to join India rebelled against the ruler and set up a People’s Government. The Nawab, who had tried to betray the people, ran away. Patel reached Junagadh on the 12th of November 1947. In the course of a speech there, hewarned that the Nizam of Hyderabad would share the fate of the Nawab of Junagadh if he did not behave sensibly.

But the Nizam did not learn the lesson. He sent millions of rupees to Pakistan.One of his men, Kasim Razvi , began to harass the Hindus. His gang was called the Razakars. They tried to drive the Hindus out of Hyderabad. There was no limit to their crimes. They tried to get arms and ammunition from outside. Finally Sardar Patel sent some forces under General Chowdury to undertake ‘Police Action’. Within five days the Nizam was forced to surrender. Kasim Razvi ran away to Pakistan. The atrocities of the Razakars came to an end and peace returned to Hyderabad. The firm policy of Sardar Patel, the Man of Iron, crushed all the plots against India.