Rash Behari Bose was born on May 25, 1886, in Palara-Bighati (Hoogly) village. His mother passed away in 1889 when Rash Behari was still a baby. He was brought up thereafter by his maternal aunt Vama Sundari.
Rash Behari Bose was initially educated at Subaldaha under the supervision of his grandfather, Kalicharan, and later in Dupleix College at Chandernagore. At the time Chandernagore was under French rule . The French Revolution of 1789 had a deep impact on Rash Behari
Rash Behari Bose got hold of a well-known novel called “Ananda Math (Abbey of Bliss)” written by noted Bengali novelist, poet and thinker, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. Rash Behari also read the famous Bengali poet, Navin Sen’s, Plasir Yudha, a collection of patriotic poems. He read nationalistic speeches by orator such as Surendranath Banerjea, and Swami Vivekananda. In Chandernagore, Charu Chand inspired Rash Behari along revolutionary lines.
Rash Behari Bose left Calcutta on May 12, 1915 and he went to Japan During this period he met Herambalal Gupta and Bhagwan Singh of the Ghadar Party. Japan was an ally of Britain’s in the First World War and tried to extradite Rash Behari and Herambalal from Japan. Herambalal escaped to U.S.A. and Rash Behari ended his hide and seek by becoming a Japanese citizen.
Rash Behari Bose learned Japanese and became a journalist and writer. He took part in many cultural activities and wrote many books in Japanese, explaining India’s viewpoints. It was due to Rash Behari’s efforts that a conference was help in Tokyo from March 28 to 30, 1942, for discussion on political issues.
Following a conference held in Tokyo on 28th March 1942, it was decided to establish the Indian Independence League. After a few days it was decided to make Subhash Chandra Bose as its president. The Indian prisoners that were captured by the Japanese in Malaya and Burma were encouraged to join the Indian Independence League and the Indian National Army. It was the efforts of Rash Behari, along with Captain Mohan Singh and Sardar Pritam Singh, due to which Indian National Army came into existence on September 1, 1942. It was also known as Azad Hind Fauz.
The British Government, which was very much scared by the growing nationalist and revolutionary activities in Bengal, decided to change the capital from Calcutta to Delhi. To break the political backbone of Bengal, Delhi was made the seat of the Viceroy instead of Calcutta. On 23rd December 1912, Hardinge was entering Delhi in state with great pomp and show. Rash Behari and his colleagues decided to smite the might of the British Government in the very heart of the new capital. A plan was hatched to throw a bomb on the viceregal procession and Rash Behari personally undertook the task.
Describing the scene of the daring incident, Swatantrya Veer Savarkar says: ” On the breast of our Motherland, a carpet of national humiliation was spread out and dancers moved on it. For the nation, it was a funeral procession. Naturally when others in Chandni Chowk showered flowers and coconuts, the representatives of those who had felt the insult, hurled a bomb which routed the elephant, killed one of the A.D.C’.s and gave a blood-bath to the Viceroy. For five minutes everybody believed that Hardinge was dead. Verily the triumphant procession was turned into a funeral.”