Tag Archives: Tibet

Communist China failed to destroy Dalai Lama, not learnt any lesson: Human Rights activists

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has failed to force Tibetans from following the Dalai Lama, even as Beijing deprives the Tibetans of their legitimate civil and religious rights, according to human rights activists.

Communist China’s claim over Tibet is also based on historical lies, even though military power and authority have been used to clamp down on facts about occupied Tibet, even as Beijing continues to demonise the Dalai Lama through fake narratives, the activists said. They were speaking at a webinar on “Communist China and its Failure to Destroy the Institution of the Dalai Lama: Lessons for the Future” organised by New Delhi-based think-tank Law and Society Alliance and geopolitical magazine Defence Capital.

Joining the event from Geneva in Switzerland, Ms Thinlay Chukki, a Special Appointee for Human Rights at the Tibet Bureau, said Tibet was militarily occupied by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949 as part of its expansionist agenda.

“Since then, China has constantly tried to destroy the institution of the Dalai Lama,” Chukki said.

The Dalai Lama has been the political ruler of Tibet at least since 1642, with nearly 500 years of a Tibetan government under the institution of the spiritual leader, she said.

“For China, usurping the powers of the Dalai Lama marks the first step towards the consolidation of the CCP’s power. When His Holiness was forced into exile from Tibet, Mao Zedong lamented saying that China had lost the entirety of Tibet. Only if the Dalai Lama were in control of the Chinese, would their military conquest of Tibet gain some sort of legitimacy,” she said.

Chukki blamed present Chinese President Xi Jinping for projecting CCP’s ideological battle in Tibet as a national security concern for the PRC due to Tibetans’ unique culture, language, and identity. She pointed out that in 1994, the United Nations compiled a special report after the visit of the special rapporteur on religion to China in which it was noted a consistent attack and persecution of Buddhists was in progress in Tibet.

“The Tibetan Buddhists are persecuted for even possessing a photograph of the Dalai Lama because the CCP feels that the spiritual leader, who embodies compassion, posed a greater threat to Beijing’s rule over Tibet, as the religious figure symbolizes a legitimate government of the Tibetans, even though in exile.”

She said the international community needs to keep an eye on Communist China’s actions. Because, this oppression was not just confined to Tibet, under CCP rule, as a recent report by Freedom House stated.

“By taking control of the institution of the Dalai Lama, CCP is also trying to exert influence Tibetan Buddhists settled in all parts of the world. This includes those in states such as Ladakh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, apart from nations such as Nepal, Bhutan and Mongolia.”

Washington DC-based International Campaign for Tibet’s Interim Vice President and International Director for Outreach Ms Tencho Gyatso said the present Dalai Lama’s actions and sacrifices over these 70-odd years have only deepened the Tibetan people’s connection with the spiritual leader. “The Dalai Lama now represents the whole of Tibetan culture, religion and nationhood.”

She said Communist China has attempted to rewrite all of Tibet’s historical narratives. “The Chinese government calls the Dalai Lama ‘a wolf in sheep’s clothing’. The CCP has indulged in mass cover-ups of the atrocities it perpetrates in Tibet and on the Tibetans, just as it has tried to erase the Tiananmen Square massacre, as though it never happened.”

Gyatso said despite the CCP’s best efforts, the bond between the Tibetans and the Dalai Lama has only grown stronger.

“Young Tibetan monks that have been forced to grow up under the oppressive Chinese regime and have never even seen the Dalai Lama. Yet, their allegiance and spiritual connection to him are unbelievably strong. Over 150 Tibetans have self-immolated and called for the freedom of Tibet.”

Gyatso noted that while Tibetans enjoyed full freedom in India, a democratic nation, this freedom was impossible to imagine for those Tibetans currently under the CCP’s rule.

“Tibetans in Tibet today have to deal with a strictly regulated society. There are cameras everywhere and any display of Tibetan culture, language or loyalty to the Dalai Lama is dealt with very harshly.”

She said the final straw was the atheist CCP trying to control the process of selection of the next Dalai Lama by introducing laws that Tibetan Buddhists are forced to follow.

“Besides, the CCP leaders these days are talking about the idea of Sinicization of Tibetan Buddhism – that is, Buddhism with Chinese characteristics,” she added.

Gyatso noted that several democratic nations globally, including the United States, are now supporting the idea of a successor to the Dalai Lama, as chosen by the present spiritual leader and that CCP would have no say in it. “This position has been supported in the US administration’s Tibetan Policy and Support Act that threatens to penalise any Chinese authority that interferes with the institution of the Dalai Lama.”

Rising Bharat International News Feed: October 28th 2020

  • Relation with US
  1. US offers F-18 fighters to India for Naval requirement

(Times of India, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • India-US extend MoU concerning cooperation with GCNEP

(News Indian Express, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • India can now get long-range armed drones from the US but cost will be a factor (Times of India, 28 October 2020) News Link
  • US Defence Secretary Hails India-US 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue

(Business World, 28 October 2020) News Link

  1. India, UK to set up a bilateral Sustainable Finance Forum

(New Indian Express,28 October 2020) News Link

  • UK hails India for making PPE kits in bulk; FM Sitharaman tells why India-UK economic ties are important

(financial express,28 October 2020) News Link

  • UK and India agree to strengthen economic relationship to boost jobs

(Gov UK,28 October 2020) News Link

  • UK-based mobile ticketing and discovery platform DICE launches in India

(business standard,28 October 2020) News Link

  • New £8m funding supports UK-India COVID-19 research collaboration

(open access government,28 October 2020) News Link

  • Foreign secretary Harsh Shringla to visit France, Germany and UK in November

(Hindustan Times,28 October 2020) News Link

  1. PoK, Gilgit-Baltistan removed from Pakistan’s map by Saudi Arabia, says activist, adds ‘Diwali gift to India’

(India TV News, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • Statement by China about Bharat
  1. सीमा विवाद पर अमेरिका ने किया भारत का समर्थन तो बौखलाया चीन, कहातीसरे पक्ष के लिए जगह नहीं

(NDTV, 28 October 2020) News Link.

  • Relation with Bangladesh
  1. Feni Bridge Connecting India-Bangladesh Will Be Completed By Dec 2020, Says Nitin Gadkari

(republicworld, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Afghanistan
  1. Afghanistan tries to beat Pakistan hurdles to send onions to India via Wagah

(Times of India, 28 October 2020) News Link

  1. Pakistan PM: Talks with India only if Kashmir ‘siege’ is lifted

(aljazeera, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • PoK activist slams Imran Khan govt for celebrating narrow escape of Pak from FATF ‘blacklist’

(Times of India, 28 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Tibet
  1. Bleak winter faces Tibetan refugees in India

(Nenow, 28 October 2020) News Link

UN kept in shackles by Beijing, should free itself to support democracy in China: Global pro-democracy activists

A group of pro-democracy activists and human rights defenders have called for the United Nations and its institutions that are currently kept in shackles by Beijing to free themselves and support democracy in China.

As Communist China celebrated its National Day on Oct. 1, the activists, with varied background from North America, Europe and Asia, came on a single platform under the aegis of New Delhi-based think-tank ‘Law and Society Alliance’ and ‘Defence Capital’ to ask all democratic nations and international human rights organisations to unite against the repressive Chinese Communist party (CCP) regime in Beijing.

London-based Inter-Parliamentary Alliance coordinator Luke De Pulford said human rights and law-based world order is the responsibility of all nations globally and argued that the rules-based order has come under a severe threat from the Communist Party of China.

Expressing his disgust at the ongoing persecution in China of Tibetans, Uighurs and Mongolians, Pulford said it has led to a severe human rights crisis and genocide, which are extremely serious.

“In Hong Kong, we see that the CCP has completely destroyed an international treaty and displayed a flagrant disregard for it and the people of Hong Kong,” he said.

Luke de Pulford said he was concerned over China holding the United Nations in shackles. “The CCP has strategically rolled out an effort to undertake initiatives of the UN leading to the dependency of the UN agencies on the CCP and coming under it. Currently, at least 15 UN organisations and bodies are being headed by the Chinese nationals. These are huge and important institutions. This is obstructing these agencies to speak up against China.”

He said, “UN institutions do not question China the way they should. Hence, neither the genocide and extermination of Uighurs cannot reach the UN agencies, nor a tribunal could be formed on this. Neither is it possible at the UN Security Council, as it would be vetoed by China. Every attempt at the UNHRC to raise human rights record of China, it falls down due Chinese clout there.”

Former Union Minister and Arunachal Pradesh MLA Ninong Ering said the world has now realised that coming together of all democracies is indeed necessary to tackle Communist China, the biggest threat to world peace. “The Communist Party of China is the antithesis to the idea pluralistic democracy,” he said.

“There is a need for people’s movement against China. I urge all the trade unions and farmers’ organisations of the world to come together to constitute an alliance for fighting China – similar to the IPAC. from all over the world.”

Ajmer-Sharif Dargah’s guardian-trustee and Chishty Foundation chairman Syed Salman Chishty argued China’s subversive and oppressive policies towards its own citizens and the people of the occupied lands is of serious concern to the global community. Its series of acts and defiance of international bodies and community too is worrisome. He expressed his support to the activists for their global pro-democracy campaign for China.

Chishty called for the world leaders and global bodies like the UN to re-emphasise their stated goals of world peace and intervene by launched a pro-democracy movement for China. “The UN bodies really need to stand up against this repressive regime. However, UN member-states do not exhibit a realistic approach towards China.”

Toronto-based Canadian Coalition against Communism vice president Sheng Xue lay the responsibility for the global spread of the Coronavirus on Communist China. “But the real virus was the birth of the CCP years ago and the CCP virus has now become more dangerous.”

She said Xi Jinping had offended more people globally and this could be a reason for change that will take place in Communist China soon. “Lives of the oppressed and suppressed Uighurs, Mongolians, Tibetans, and Chinese are the worst in the world. They are not even able to fight back against CCP.”

Sheng said globally, nations were not looking at the persecution of the people inside China, as they only saw CCP’s money. “The Coronavirus has led to global focus on China and what is going on inside Communist China. It has provided a chance for people to investigate what is happening inside China. Let us leverage on this opportunity.”

New York-based Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center director Togochog said at least 100,000 Mongolians were killed due to persecution and torture in occupied Mongolian region and have suffered economic degradation, as farming and use of grasslands were prohibited and people displaced.

“They have forcibly transported the entire Mongolian population out of their own lands by making living on grasslands a crime and herders have been imprisoned for earning their living by using their own grasslands. The nomadic lives of the people have been wiped out.”

He said the Mongolians, for their language rights, launched a civil disobedience movement, the largest in Communist China till date after the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. “Mass arrests and enforced disappearances have become common practices. At least 5,000 southern Mongolians have either been detained or disappeared in the past month alone. Southern Mongolians shall keep fighting, ultimately to free their land, practice their language, and determine their political future,” Togochog said.

Geneva-based The Tibet Bureau special appointee for human rights Thinlay Chukki said Communist China celebrating their 71st foundation day after persecution of 1.2 million Tibetans and the destruction of 6,000 monasteries. “They are working towards the total sinicisation of Tibetans. Tibet was never a part of China. PRC is only one-fifth of the territory it currently occupies.”

Chukki said there were no human rights left under the universal declaration of the UN that has not been breached by Communist China against the Tibetans. She said history was repeating itself, and cited the example of the CCP breaching its Hong Kong agreement with the British government, just as the 17-point agreement was signed at the gunpoint and later on breached by CCP, leading to Dalai Lama fleeing and seeking refuge in India.

She said China is a threat to the idea of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”, a lofty Indian ideal of the world being one family. “When India sees the world, it sees it as a global society. Whereas, when China sees the world, it sees it as a big colony. It is always focusing on colonisation. What is happening with Hambantota (Sri Lanka), with Pakistan, and with Myanmar? The Belt and Road Initiative is nothing but a weapon – a strategy to colonise the world.”

New York-based World Uyghur Congress director for Chinese affairs Ilshat Kokbore said around 3,000,000 Uighurs have been kept under concentration camps. “Since 2000, the CCP government began detaining and disappearing the elites and opinion-makers of the Uighur society including university professors, students, poets, writers, singers, and artists.”

“It is a holocaust in itself. After the holocaust by the Nazis, the UN promised that it shall never happen again. However, this is happening again under the CCP, which is celebrating its success. But this comes at the cost of the blood of tens of thousands of Uighurs, Mongolians, and Tibetans.”

He said, “the CCP is infiltrating the US, Europe, and India. They are trying to control all the resources. This ambition of dominating the world is explosive. In 1940, politicians hardly believed that the Chinese Communists were different from the Russian Communists. In fact, they all failed to see that CCP turned out to be even worse than the Nazis.”

New-Delhi-based Swadeshi Jagran Manch national co-convenor Ashwani Mahajan said the CCP conspired against the rules-based economic order under WTO and took advantage of the transparency of other signatory nations under WTO. With this knowledge, CCP began subsidising its exports and dumping good globally, leading to de-industrialistaion of all their trading partners – including US, Europe, and India.

“The economic clout China has got is preventing democratic countries from speaking against it. It was for the first time under President Trump that the US challenged the Chinese hegemony and the tariff wars began with China,” Mahajan said.

“But the opportunity has come. The whole world is against China. This is the time that we push against the Chinese economic aggression on one hand and Chinese hegemony on the other.”

Rising Bharat International News Feed: September 7th 2020

  • Relation with Tibet
  • Xi’s new approach to Tibet will affect India

Key points:

  1. Chinese President Xi Jinping’s recent remarks at the seventh Central Symposium on Tibet Work indicate that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is doubling down on its hardline approach in the region, which evolved gradually after the 2008 protests.
  2. The strategy for the next few years that Xi outlined entails a mix of persuasion, development, connectivity, indoctrination and coercion. This will not only have serious implications for ordinary Tibetans but will also impinge on the Sino-Indian boundary question, particularly in the context of China’s claims on Arunachal Pradesh.

 (Hindustan Times, 04 September, 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Bangladesh

News updates from Hindustan Times: To review bilateral ties, India and Bangladesh to hold virtual meeting and all the latest news

Key points:

  1. News updates from Hindustan Times: To review bilateral ties, India and Bangladesh to hold virtual meeting and all the latest news.
  2. The matter figured in a phone conversation between external affairs minister S Jaishankar and his Bangladeshi counterpart AK Abdul Momen. Jaishankar tweeted the two sides had agreed to hold the JCC meeting “very soon” but there were no details from the external affairs ministry.
  3. “Warm conversation with FM Dr AK Abdul Momen of Bangladesh. Agreed to hold our Joint Consultative Commission very soon. Will continue to work closely to reach the ambitious goals set by our leaders,” Jaishankar tweeted.

 (Hindustan Times, 07 September, 2020) News Link

  • Relation with China
  • Public funeral for soldier of secretive force in Leh

Key Points:

  1. Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Ram Madhav’s presence at the official funeral of a Tibetan soldier from the secretive Special Frontier Force (SFF) on Monday created a flutter in diplomatic and political circles amid the border standoff with China.
  2. The funeral of SFF company leader Nyima Tenzin, killed in a landmine blast in an operation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) during August 29-30, was held at Leh in the union territory of Ladakh. The funeral cortege was joined by scores of cars and motorcycles and people waving the Indian and Tibetan flags.
Image Courtesy: Swarajya

(The Times of India, 07 September, 2020) News Link

  • Relation with USA
  • China using Pakistan for military logistics facilities: US Defense report

Key points:

  1. The US Department of Defence in its annual report to Congress on ‘Military and Security Developments involving the People’s Republic of China 2020’ has stated that Pakistan is among the countries, which have been chosen by the Beijing for “military logistics facilities”.
  2. According to the Defence Department’s report published last week, the PRC is seeking to establish a robust overseas logistics and basing infrastructure to allow the PLA to project and sustain military power at greater distances.

(Hindustan Times , 07 September, 2020) News Link

  • Relations with Russia
  1. Jaishankar set to make stopover in Iran en route to Russia for meeting of SCO foreign ministers.

Key Points:

External affairs minister S Jaishankar will make a stopover in Tehran to meet his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif on Tuesday afternoon on his way to Russia for a meeting of the foreign ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), people familiar with developments said on Monday.

Jaishankar will be the second senior Indian minister to visit Iran in less than a week, with defense minister Rajnath Singh having made a stopover in Tehran on Sunday for talks with his Iranian counterpart Brig Gen Amir Hatami that focused on bilateral cooperation and regional security issues.

(The Times of India, 07 September, 2020) News Link

Elephant and the dragon

Hillary Clinton’s advice to India to be more assertive and Barack Obama’s meeting with the Dalai Lama carry the same message to China — that the two democracies see it as a threat and have decided to counter the danger together. However, given the long background of the democracy vs autocracy conflicts, a lesson from history can be instructive.
Some of the similarities between Nazi Germany and communist China are obvious. Like the Third Reich, Red China is a militaristic dictatorship. It also harbours, like Hitler’s Germany, a sense of grievance over the humiliation it suffered in the field of international diplomacy and believes that the time has come for it to assert itself. Germany was riled by the Treaty of Versailles, the ‘20-year truce’ between the two world wars, as it was called. China was shamed by the ‘unequal’ treaties which were imposed on it by the West in the 20th century.
While Nazi Germany had fascist Italy as an ally in Europe, and monarchist Japan in Asia, China’s current all-weather friend is Pakistan, which is ruled by a junta in all but name. As in the case of the axis powers in the 1940s, the China-Pakistan ties are based on expansionist ambitions which seek to bring Arunachal Pradesh under Chinese rule and favour Pakistani control over Kashmir. These neo-colonial tendencies are also directed at Tibet and Taiwan in the case of China and Afghanistan where Pakistan is concerned.
Just as the Third Reich looked for lebensraum or living space in Europe, where the Germanic people would be the master race, China, too, wants a similar predominance for its own Han people over the Tibetans, the Uighurs, the Indians of Arunachal, and others. What is more, this xenophobia is fuelled by the need to counter the unease in the ruling elite caused, first, by the inherent uncertainties about a dictatorship’s grip on power because of civic unrest. And, secondly, by the simmering ethnic discontent in Tibet and Xinjiang, and Taiwan’s refusal to become a province of mainland China.
Since the fanning of nationalistic embers is a surefire way to maintain control over a restive population, China’s military adventurism against India in 1962 and Vietnam in 1979 were not unlike Germany’s annexation of Austria and invasion of Czechoslovakia. It will be speculative to wonder whether China will also emulate the Third Reich’s final fatal militarism, but there is little doubt that Beijing’s relentless efforts to rival and even surpass America as the numero uno do not augur well for world peace. It has even had the chutzpah to tell the US that its military budget is too big at a time of economic distress.
The Chinese threat is all the greater because a dictatorship is never at ease in the presence of a democracy like India. The former always experiences a sense of inferiority complex over the opprobrium it earns for not being an open society and for its inevitably poor human rights record. In China’s case, the feeling of disquiet may be all the greater because it could not have expected India to emerge as a major regional power. Beijing’s earlier presumption must have been that India will either fall apart because of fissiparous tendencies based on a myriad languages, cultures and ethnicity (“India is merely a geographical expression. It is no more a single country than the Equator”, said Churchill) or that India’s unruly democracy — a “functioning anarchy” in John Kenneth Galbraith’s words — will hinder its economic development.
But neither has happened. Instead, India is admired for its multicultural democracy and economic buoyancy while China is feared as an unstable giant. Since Beijing cannot expect to become a model for other Asian countries — as a Middle Kingdom should — for it cannot boast of a free society, free judiciary, free press and competitive politics, the only way it can proclaim its superiority is through military might and economic clout. However, the problem with economic growth is that it can also engender political aspirations and even trade union rights, which are anathema to an autocracy, and lead to social and political disquiet. In that case, a dictatorship’s response is either internal suppression or external aggression.
Interestingly, even when India was far from attaining its present status when it is an automatic choice for a permanent seat in an expanded UNSC, Jawaharlal Nehru had recognised the Chinese apprehensions about the challenge posed by India as the reason for the 1962 conflict. In his book, The Chinese Betrayal, former intelligence chief, B N Mullick, quoted Nehru as saying: “It was wrong to assume that the Chinese undertook this aggression only because they wanted some patches of territory … The real cause was something else. That something was the basic eternal conflict between India and China … China did not want any country near her which was not prepared to accept her leadership. So, India had to be humiliated. Though India would not interfere with what was happening within China, yet she came in China’s way by the mere fact of her separate political structure and pursuing a separate policy which was succeeding”.
The Sino-Indian civilisational affinity of a thousand years is a myth. Indian Buddhist missionaries might have gone to China while Chinese travellers like Fa Hien and Huan Tsang came to India and Mohammed bin Tughlak unsuccessfully tried to introduce the Chinese practice of using paper currency. But the Himalayan barrier remained an obstacle to any closer interaction. It is only in the modern age that the dragon and the elephant have come face to face in an atmosphere of unstated rivalry — the “eternal conflict” in Nehru’s words.
While India has left China alone, except for accommodating the Tibetans fleeing Chinese repression just as India accepted the Parsis 1,200 years ago who were escaping from the Muslim occupation of their country, China’s courtship of Pakistan shows that it wants to destabilise India by bleeding it ‘with a thousand cuts’. Yet, it made a foolish, though obvious, choice, which was surprising in the case of a country with a long history. For Pakistan’s dysfunctional nature was inherent in the flawed basis of its creation — the two-nation theory — which collapsed with the creation of Bangladesh. Just as Italy was of no help to the Third Reich’s grandiose dream to be the Middle Kingdom of Europe, Pakistan, too, is a liability rather than an asset to China. The scales are tilted, therefore, in India’s favour in the eternal conflict.
Amulya Ganguli is a
Delhi-based political
commentator. E-mail: