Dr. Mohan ji Bhagwat’s address on the occasion of Vijayadashami Yugabdi 5122 ( 2020)

Address by Param Poojaniya Sarsanghchalak Dr. Shri Mohan ji Bhagwat on the occasion of Sri Vijayadashami Utsav 2020 (Sunday, October 25, 2020).

We are all aware that this Vijayadashami the celebrations are restrained in terms of numbers. We are also aware of the cause. To prevent community spread of Corona virus social gatherings are restricted .

Since March the talk about Corona pandemic has shadowed all other talk about developments across the world. Many noteworthy incidents took place between the last Vijayadashami and now. With due observance of parliamentary procedure Article 370 was abrogated well before the Vijayadashami 2019.

After Diwali, on November 9, 2019, the Hon. Supreme Court passed an unambiguous, verdict in the Ram Janmabhoomi case, thereby making a historical judgment. The exemplary patience and understanding of Bharatiya people regarding this judgment became evident in the restraint along with piety and festive fervour displayed on August 5 in Ayodhya at the bhoomipujan and shilanyas samaroh of the soon-to-be constructed Ram Mandir there.

The Citizenship Amendment Act was lawfully passed in the Parliament as per the due constitutional process. This law envisaged expediting the process of granting citizenship to our brothers and sisters who face discrimination and persecution in some of the neighbouring countries and are displaced to seek refuge in our country. These countries have a history of religious persecution against minorities. This amendment in the Citizenship Act does not oppose any particular religious community. The constitutional provisions for granting citizenship to foreigners who come to Bharat continue to be the same. But those who wanted to oppose this new law misled our Muslim brothers by propagating a false notion that it was aimed at restricting the Muslim population. Opportunists took advantage of this delicate situation by unleashing organised violence and causing social unrest in the name of protests. As a consequence, a tense atmosphere was created in the country that put our communal harmony at stake. Even before something could be thought out and done to resolve the situation the Corona pandemic crept in and gradually took hold. In the background, the efforts by rioters and opportunists to reignite the conflict still continue. It is not making a mark on the collective consciousness or garnering headlines in publications other than the ones that fuel such activities because of the overwhelming discussions of Corona in the media.

The scenario is common throughout the world. In comparison to many countries, Bharat stood strong in the face of adversity and dealt with the calamity effectively. There are some reasons why we escaped Corona debilitation that few countries could not. Our governing and administrative agencies promptly sprung up in action. They cautioned citizens, created emergency task forces and efficiently implemented control measures. The media monotonously aired news on just this issue. While this exercise created an atmosphere of disproportionate fear among the common man it also compelled the society to exercise caution and restrain by obeying rules. Government officials, medical practitioners practising different forms of medicine, police officers, municipality workers and cleaners displayed an extraordinary sense of responsibility by dedicatedly serving the infected patients. Maintaining social distance with their own family members, these warriors, risking their lives, embraced the death-scare posed by the virus and bravely stood at the frontline in this war round the clock. Citizens of the country too mobilised private resources and left no stone unturned in offering all possible help their fellow beings needed. While even in these testing times, the tendency to exploit the drawback of the needy to one’s own advantage surfaced here and there, the larger picture was that of sensitivity, cooperation and mutual trust between governmental administrative agencies and society. The women-folk also propelled in action with self-motivation. Those who were displaced owing to the pandemic or the ones who lost jobs and faced misfortune and hunger faced difficulties while remaining patient and tolerant all along. In fact, many anecdotes of people ignoring their own troubles and stepping up to help others came to the fore. Ferrying the state migrants back to their homelands, arranging for food and resting spots on the way, delivering food and medicines at the doorstep of the sick or needy, great efforts were jointly made by the entire society to cater to such critical needs. By setting the example of unity and sensitivity, our society displayed a larger set of service activities in response to the quantum of the Herculean problem. Many of our traditional habits pertaining to cleanliness and hygiene, healthy lifestyle and strengthening immunity with the science of Ayurveda also proved to be useful in this period. Homogeneity and unity of the society, deep compassion and cooperation during difficult times- all aspects that make up for what is called the social capital were experienced during this time, reflecting our centuries-old cultural ethos. For many, the kind of patience, collectivism and self-confidence experienced was a first since Independence. I respectfully bow to all the volunteers who are known and unknown, those who are alive and who laid their lives for service, medical practitioners, municipality workers and all other agents of service from different sections of the society. They are all admirable. Our sincere homage in the holy remembrance of all those who sacrificed their lives.To emerge from the current scenario a different kind of Sewa initiative is required. Restarting educational institutions, compensating teachers, resending students to their schools and colleges while paying a fee for the same, these tasks are arduous. Schools that stopped receiving funds cannot afford to pay their teachers. Guardians who lost their jobs or shut businesses are in a fix as they do not have funds for their ward’s fee. We will have to devise service assistance to ensure the opening of schools, paying teachers’ salaries and students’ education. Displacement left many unemployed. Failing to find alternate sources of employment they are compelled to explore other sectors. Getting employment in a new sector mandates prior training. These are the problems facing the displaced today. Finding a replacement for the migrant workers to complete the pending tasks that were abandoned halfway is becoming a challenge too. Therefore creating employment opportunities and providing training to the unskilled is essential. In cases where families are facing such deprivation, stress creeps up in the households. To prevent negative dispositions like crime, depression and suicide there is an extensive need of counselling and support services at this time.

Since March Sangh swayamsevaks are working to fill the gaps wherever needed in this difficult backdrop. They will also make wholehearted contributions in the new Sewa initiatives enumerated above. I am hopeful that other members of the society will also decipher the need for persistent long-term efforts and make needful contributions.The world does not have a complete understanding of the virus. It is a transmutable pathogen that is rapidly communicable, but its virulence is low – this much we have come to understand. Therefore, safeguarding oneself from this pathogen for a longer time is essential. At the same time, while working to find the remedy to the social and economic challenges posed by it on our fellow beings will be the long-term focus. While we must not let fear cripple us, we need to proceed cautiously and strategically. With the social life nearing normalcy, complying with the rules and motivating others to do the same is our moral responsibility.Many other facets of our society became apparent during the battle against this pandemic. A shift in favour of introspective thinking is trending across the world. The phrase “new-normal” often comes up in conversations. The corona pandemic has brought lives to a total and complete standstill, forcing curtailment of several activities that man went about mechanically earlier. An evaluation of the merits of those activities made it apparent that the superficial practices that had invaded human life were unnecessary, while the essential ones comprised the heart of life in these times. Some activities though watered down did not fully fade. Within one week of lockdown, we noticed a marked difference in the quality of the air we breathe. Water bodies like rivers, springs and ponds cleared up and clean waters began flowing out. Bird songs tinkled human memory again as the birds and other creatures were audible in neighbourhood parks and open urban spaces. In the rush towards amassing wealth and consuming more, we alienated ourselves from certain basic life functions which during this time of need fell back on our plate and added meaning and joy to life. We have become mindful of the value of some virtues. The corona pandemic has bestowed the wisdom to differentiate regular from irregular and eternal from temporary upon all of humanity. With many families actively deliberating sustainable lifestyles compatible with the time and space and the ways to transition into those, people have become acutely aware of the merit of cultural ethos. Humans have once again realised the importance of family systems and the need for harmonious coexistence with nature.Whether these realisations are merely side effects of the pandemic breakout or has humanity actually shifted its stance in these matters, will be answered in time. However, one thing is clear that this calamity has played the role of that magnet which has attracted all human consciousness to the vital life values.Until recently the philosophy of integrating the world on the basis of the market forces dominated human imagination but with the latest turn of events, the idea of safeguarding life and exercising international cooperation by promoting unique strengths and assets of each country is an idea that has started to take shape in the global mind. The philosophy of ‘Swadeshi’ has trumped once again. It is time to redefine these adages in view of the current Bhartiya context and to rebuild paths that will lead us back to our time-tested values and traditions.

China’s role in the breakout of this pandemic may be disputable but its misuse of their riches by unleashing terror on the borders of Bharat and boisterous efforts to invade our territories are well-known to the whole world. Bharatiya defence forces, government and the people remained unfazed and responded sharply to this attack. This example of a strong resolution, exercising self-respect and bravery has stunned China. Going further we must be watchful and remain firm. Even in the past, the world has time and again witnessed China’s expansionist attitude. Rising above China economically, strategically, in securing cooperative ties with our neighbours and at international relations is the only way to neutralise those demonic aspirations. The policies proposed by our leaders seem to be charting those very horizons. Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar (Bhramadesh)- such neighbouring countries have shared a friendly bond with us and are more or less aligned over issues of values and ethical code with us. We must now pace up our efforts to secure cooperative bonds with these countries. The impediments in this journey like the differences of opinions, conflicted issues and old grouses must be settled sooner than later.We intend to be friendly with all. This is our nature. But mistaking our benevolence for weakness and attempts to disintegrate or weaken us by sheer brute force is unacceptable. Our reckless detractors should know this by now. The indestructible patriots of Bharat Mata and their formidable valour, leaders with a sense of self-respect and the indomitable ethical-patience of the citizens should have sent a loud and clear message to China. This must compel it to reform its attitude but if push comes to shove we will not fall short of alertness, firmness and readiness, this resolve is clear among our countrymen. External threats to the country’s safety and sovereignty is not the only call for our vigilance. A careful analysis of many of last year’s internal events also demand alertness, understanding and harmony in the society and preparedness of governmental agencies and national leadership. Push and pull for power on the part of those out of it is intrinsic to the democratic political process, however, exercising discretion to see political competition for what it is and not as a bloody battle between enemies is pivotal. Healthy competition is always welcome, but the competition that morphs into hatred, bitterness and animosity that weakens the social fabric is unwarranted. Forces that see opportunity in rifts among competitors, that wish to weaken and fragment Bharat, that have long projected our diversity as differences and insinuated people into unfortunate scrimmages over old disagreements resulting in formidable struggles are very much prevalent in the world and active in Bharat. They should not be given that opportunity by us. The government agencies should seek cooperation of people to immediately nab and severely punish the culprits if incidents of crime and violence continue to occur in the society despite measures to curtail those and attempts of total restrain on criminal and violent tendencies. We must see to it that our actions do not create any opportunities for them. To ensure this, our reactions to government decisions or expressions of discontent must heed national integrity. We should be sensitive towards people of all religions, regions, castes and linguistic backgrounds and conduct ourselves within constitutionally warranted limits. Unfortunately, those misaligned with or opposed to our socio-cultural values have, while professing to be the champions of democracy, constitution and secularism, continued to fool and confuse the people of our country. In his August 29, 1949 address to the Constituent Assembly, Revered Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar used the phrase “grammar of anarchy” to describe the actions of such elements. We have to learn to identify such disguised elements and defuse their conspiracies by alarming and alerting our brothers and sisters so that they can not be shepherded away by such predators.To avoid this type of confusion about the Sangh, realising Sangh’s preference for a specific vocabulary and how it interprets certain popular terms is crucial. Hindutva is one such term. Its meaning has been distorted by appending a ritualistic connotation to it. Sangh does not use it to refer to this misconception. To us, it is the word expressing our identity along with the continuity of its spirituality based traditions and its entire wealth of value system in the land of Bharat. Therefore Sangh believes that it is the word applicable to all the 1.3 billion people who call themselves the sons and daughters of Bharatvarsh, whose everyday life is a striving toward an alignment with its moral and ethical code and who are proud of the heritage of their ancestors who successfully traversed the same spiritual landscape since time immemorial. Being oblivious to the true meaning of this term weakens the thread that integrates us with this country and society. It is for this reason that this term is the first target of castigation by those who instigate intergroup conflicts, who are bent on splitting our country and society. They by presenting as separate, our diversities which are traditionally accepted, respected and are a part of larger scope of Hindu philosophy in reality, try to convert them into a source of alienation or separatism. ‘Hindu’ is not the name of some sect or denomination, it is not a provincial conceptualisation, it is neither a single caste’s lineage nor the privilege of the speakers of a specific language. It is that psychological common denominator whose vast courtyard cradled human civilisation, that which honours and encompasses innumerable distinct identities. There may be some who have an objection in accepting this term. We do not object their using other words if the content in their mind is the same. However, in the interest of the country’s integrity and security Sangh has over the years humbly assimilated the colloquial and the global interpretations of the term Hindu. When Sangh says Hindusthan is Hindu Rashtra it does not have any political or power centered concept in its mind. Hindutva is the essence of this Rashtra’s ‘Swa’(self-hood). We are plainly acknowledging the selfhood of the country as Hindu because all our socio-cultural practices are directed by its principles with their spirit percolating in the personal, familial, professional and social life of each one of us. Circumambulating the emotional ambit of this view of life does not require giving up one’s faith, language, land or any other identity marker. It only mandates an abandonment of the quest for supremacy. One has only to be alert and keep away from the selfish and hateful forces who confuse and instigate people by showing them false dreams of supremacy, encourage radicalism and foster separatism.The deplorable attempts to disintegrate the unity that has perpetually remained an inextricable part of the diversity of Bharat by making false promises and by creating hate amongst scheduled-castes, scheduled-tribes and the so called minorities of our country are underway. Members of this conspiratorial gang instigate and promote slogans like “Bharat tere tukde honge” (Bharat will be disintegrated). An unusual blend of political interest, separatist and fundamentalist tendencies, a hatred of Bharat and a quest for global domination is working to dampen Bharatiya unity. We will have to patiently proceed with a deep understanding of the matter. While remaining free from the influence of these forces we must focus on integrating our society through peaceful means, in obeisance of our constitution. If we exercise self-control, remain balanced and keep each other’s best interest in mind then an environment of mutual trust can prevail which will aid in the resolution of old conflicts; while the mistrust that stems from contradictory behaviours would make the solutions seem unattainable and problems unfathomable. Reactionary and fearful stance and unreasonable opposition lead to uncontrolled violence and the gulf separating the people widens.To be able to increase the atmosphere of faith in each other and friendliness, restraint and patience we all need to accept and embrace the truth of our larger and shared identity. Our actions cannot waver in time following a political cost-benefit calibration. Bharatiya cannot be extricated from Bharat. All attempts at doing this have always failed, we have many testaments before us to prove so. It is the time to realise that our instinct for emancipation is nudging us all to integrate with a single sentiment. Acknowledgement of the fact that the emotional spirit of Bharat, its acceptance for and support to multiple belief systems and faiths, is a byproduct of the Hindu culture, traditions and Hindu practice of not just tolerance but acceptance and respect of all, is the need of the hour.

 The word ‘Hindu,’ features in almost every statement of Sangh, yet it is being discussed here because several related terms have gained popularity in the recent past. ‘Swadeshi’ is one such word which is oft-discussed nowadays. The ‘Swa’ or ‘self’ here refers to the same Hindutva. That very eternal philosophy underlying our tolerant and accepting nature which was hailed by Swami Vivekananda on the land of America referring to all people as brothers and sisters, meaning parts of a single unit or family. Poet laureate, Shri Rabindra Nath Thakur also clearly emphasised a philosophical foundation for the Bharatiya revival based on this very concept in his essay ‘Swadeshi Samaj.’ Shri Aurobindo proclaimed it in his Uttarpara address. The introspections and contemplations conducted by our society after 1857 and the experiences of the exercises conducted by several national bodies are encased in the Preamble to our Constitution which embodies the same spirit of Bharat. That spirit or ‘swa’ should be the compass directing our intellectual brainstorming and plans of action. It should be the light that illuminates the directions, aspirations and expectations of our country’s collective consciousness.

The results of our efforts in the physical plane and their consequences should be in accordance with this principle. Then and only then will Bharat qualify as self – reliant. Places for production, the workforce that is involved in the production process, economic benefits emanating from sales of the production and the rights of production must be in our national control. But this alone does not qualify as Swadeshi methodology. Shri Vinoba Bhave ji identified a combination of self-reliance and non-violence as Swadeshi. Late Shri Dattopant Thengadi ji claimed Swadeshi cuts beyond goods and services and stands for attaining a position of international cooperation by achieving national self-reliance, sovereignty and parity. So to achieve financial independence in the future and attain a position of international cooperation we are open to foreign investors and give relaxations to companies offering newer technologies, provided they engage on our terms and mutually agreeable conditions. But such a decision has to be based on mutual consensus.In self-reliance, dependence on self is intended.

Our vision decides our destination and our path. Even we attain a prime position by following the same wasteful exertions that the rest of the world is after, that will certainly be a courageous victory. But it will be in the absence of the spirit and participation of the ‘Swa’(Self). For instance, while designing our agricultural policy we should empower our farmer to control his seed banks, create manure, fertilisers and pesticides on his own or procure these from areas neighbouring his village. He should be educated about the art of storing and processing his produce and have access to such facilities. We have a deep, extensive and ancient history of agriculture. Therefore the newer policies should aim to make our farmer aware of modern agricultural science and also enable him to blend that knowledge with time-tested, contextually relevant traditional knowledge. The policies should be such that a farmer should be able to use these research findings and sell his produce without getting trapped, either in the profit aimed interpretations of those findings or sponsored research by the corporate sector or under the pressure of the market forces and middlemen, only then such a policy will be compatible with the Bharatiya view and be a truly Swadeshi agrarian policy. It is likely that incorporating these changes immediately within the present agrarian and economic system might not be possible. In that case, the policies should focus on creating a conducive environment to translate the suggested changes into reality. Some positive steps in the direction of assimilating this ‘swa’ in our economic, agriculture, labour, manufacturing and education policy have been taken. A new education policy formed on the basis of extensive deliberations and dialogue has been declared and launched. Along with the entire educational field, the Sangh has also welcomed it. “Vocal for local” is a great start in the exploration of the possibilities of Swadeshi. But, for these initiatives to be successfully implemented the process will have to be watched and monitored keenly to the finish. Therefore given these wide-ranging perspectives we will have to imbibe this spirit of ‘swa’ or self, only then we can move forward in the right direction. Our Bharatiya thought does not endorse struggle as an essential ingredient of progress. Struggle is considered as a last resort for the elimination of injustice. The conceptualisation of progress here is based on cooperation and coordination. Therefore, the spirit of oneness is critical to actualising self-reliance in various aspects of life. Self-reliance then essentially implies overall well-being and upliftment of the whole nation through coordinated efforts and cooperation with each other, akin to interdependent organs of one body. A policy-making process where all concerned people and parties discuss and deliberate extensively and draw consentient conclusions fosters the spirit of oneness and trust among all.

Open dialogue with all, drawing consensus through discussion, ensuring cooperation and resultant trust – this is the prescribed method for securing credibility and eminence among one’s family and community.समानो मन्त्रः समितिः समानी समानं मनः सहचित्तमेषाम् |समानं मन्त्रमभिमन्त्रये वः समानेन वो हविषा जुहोमि ||Samaano mantrah samitih samaneeSamaanam manah sahachittameshaamSamaanam mantramabhimantraye vahSameenena vo havisha juhomi( Let our speech be one; united our voices. May our minds be in union with the thoughts of the Wise. Sharing a common purpose; we worship as one.) Fortunately, we can rely on and expect from the prevailing political leadership to engender the feeling of oneness and trust with regards to matters small and big among all the people. An administrative system connecting the society with the government has to be more sensitive and transparent to facilitate and accomplish this task in a better fashion. Prompt implementation of mutually agreed policies does not require massive changes and boosts the environment of cooperation and coordination. Remaining alert and exercising total control over the implementation of proposed policies till the end-point is significant. Besides policy-formation promptness and transparency at execution also optimise policy rewards. The need to decentralise agriculture and manufacturing sectors by supporting small and medium scale enterprises, creating employment opportunities, aiding the self-employed, initiating eco-friendly businesses and self-sufficient production units aiming to bolster the economic progress has drawn the attention of many intellectuals alongside the policy-makers of the country in this time of Corona. Those employed in these sectors from small-time and seasoned entrepreneurs to farmers are all eager to taste entrepreneurial success for our nation. The government will need to provide extra cover for them so they can attain world-class standards that will allow them to stand a competitive chance alongside other economic giants of the world. Along with the allocation of funds, its actual disbursement on the ground has to be ensured so that they can restart again after six months of the corona crisis. With a progress-oriented mindset, the developmental path of the country whose destination complies with the culture and aspirations of our people will have to be delineated. After establishing consensus with a positive contribution from all views we must freeze the execution plans in letter and spirit. If it is ensured that the rewards of the developmental achievements percolate down to the most disadvantaged; if exploitation and extortion by middlemen and touts are eliminated; the producers and manufacturers have direct interface with the markets and the developmental schemes, only then our dreams can come true, otherwise dangers that cause failure are lurking around. 

While all the suggestions made above are highly significant the collective resolve of a society is the preceptor and the foundation of the nation’s development. The consciousness that has prevailed in the aftermath of corona, viz, realisation of the true meaning of ‘self,’ spirit of oneness with all the people, the importance of cultural values and environmental awareness plus the need for remedial actions to restore its balance should not be disregarded by our society. We must not drop the momentum, lose sight of these indispensable values and fall back in a pattern of insensitive behaviour. Gradual and consistent practice of right conduct and responsible behaviours of an entire society alone can bring rewards. Starting with small incremental changes, conducting regular awareness initiatives can cause this behavioural shift. Each family can be a part of this movement. Once a week all family members can get together to jointly do some prayer and have homemade food followed by two to three hours of informal discussion. The above-mentioned subjects can be deliberated in those discussions as actionable items and small family level resolutions can be taken, which can further be reviewed in the next week’s discussion. The act of discussion in the family is paramount, newness or oldness of the subject/object notwithstanding, the outcomes of an investigation alone decide the usefulness and relevance of the issue.

Our scriptures describe this method as-सन्तः परीक्ष्यान्यतरद् भजन्ते मूढः परप्रत्ययनेय बुद्धिः |Santah pareekshyanyatarad bhajaate mudhah parapratyaneya buddhih If we examine the subject matter holistically in the informal family setting, exercise discretion as to the relevance of the issue and by choice accept or reject a view, then the resulting behavioural changes will more likely be permanent. In the beginning, matters of common concern like domestic arrangements, design of the dwellings, our family culture, long-standing customs and traditions can be discussed. Owing to everyone’s familiarity with environmental concerns, ways for total boycott of plastic, water conservation, increasing green cover by planting saplings of flowering plants, fruit trees and vegetables in our courtyards and terraces can be discussed and actionable plans jointly created. According to the time available and the needs, all of us spend money over personal and familial requirements every day. We can contemplate what amount of money and time we spend for our society on a day-to-day basis and how to go about doing it? Do we have friendly associations with people and families that belong to different castes and regions and speak varied languages? Have we mingled deeply- sharing meals and visiting homes of those acquaintances? To promote societal harmony these are vital discussion topics. Emphasis can be laid upon participation of our family in actual programs and initiatives, e.g. our family can contribute in Blood Donation, Eye Donation or help create awareness about its importance. Through these minute undertakings, harmony, uprightness, patience, discipline and values-driven personal conduct can be cultivated. Consequently, our collective behaviour while in keeping with the civic discipline becomes that which augments mutual cooperation and harmony. If we work to raise the general level of consciousness of a common man and nurture his intrinsic spirit of oneness with Hindutva as the guiding force, if we make individual efforts for developmental progress with a deeper understanding of the structure of our country and acknowledge our interdependence to cooperate with other members of the society, if we have confidence in our collective strength to achieve any dream and set developmental goals rooted in our values then in the near future Bharatvarsh will emerge as the torchbearer for the rest of the world and come to be known as the Bharatvarsh that showed the path of peaceful and congenial progress to humanity- freedom and equality in the true sense of the word. Behavioural conduct of such individuals and families will create an overall atmosphere of fraternity, meaningful action and lawful order in the whole country. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has been working to effect these changes directly in the society since 1925. Such an organised state is the natural state of a healthy society. Such an organised society is the precondition for the resurrection of this country that has become independent after the centuries-long darkness of invasions. Many great personalities have worked to build such a society. After independence, with this very goal in mind, our constitution was crafted in age-relevant codes of desired conduct and passed on to us. Sangh work only will ensure inculcating a clear vision to realise the objectives of our constitution, and the conduct of mutual harmony, the spirit of oneness and the sentiment of national interest are paramount. Swayamsevaks are sincerely, selflessly and dedicatedly involved in realising this goal. With an invitation that you all to be their fellow-workers in this campaign for upstart reconstruction, I end my address here.

प्रश्न बहुत से उत्तर एक कदम मिलाकर बढे अनेक |वैभव के उत्तुङ्ग शिखर पर सभी दिशा से बढे अनेक |||| भारत माता की जय ||

Vandemataram – The Full Text of our National Song

वन्दे मातरम् ।

सुजलां सुफलां मलयजशीतलाम् शस्यशामलां मातरम् ।

शुभ्रज्योत्स्नापुलकितयामिनीं फुल्लकुसुमितद्रुमदलशोभिनीं

सुहासिनीं सुमधुर भाषिणीं सुखदां वरदां मातरम् ।। १ ।।

वन्दे मातरम् ।


कोटि-कोटि-भुजैर्धृत-खरकरवाले, अबला केन मा एत बले ।

बहुबलधारिणीं नमामि तारिणीं रिपुदलवारिणीं मातरम् ।। २ ।।

वन्दे मातरम् ।

तुमि विद्या, तुमि धर्म तुमि हृदि,

तुमि मर्म त्वं हि प्राणा: शरीरे बाहुते तुमि मा शक्ति,

हृदये तुमि मा भक्ति,

तोमारई प्रतिमा गडि मन्दिरे-मन्दिरे मातरम् ।। ३ ।।

वन्दे मातरम् ।

त्वं हि दुर्गा दशप्रहरणधारिणी कमला कमलदलविहारिणी वाणी विद्यादायिनी,

नमामि त्वाम् नमामि कमलां अमलां अतुलां सुजलां सुफलां मातरम् ।। ४ ।।

वन्दे मातरम् ।

श्यामलां सरलां सुस्मितां भूषितां धरणीं भरणीं मातरम् ।। ५ ।।

वन्दे मातरम् ।।

  • A rare painting of Vandemataram dated to 1923

Rising Bharat International News Feed: October 19th 2020

  • Relation with US
  1. India Buys Winter Gear From US On “Urgent Basis” Amid China Row: Report

(NDTV, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • India Buys Winter Gear From US On “Urgent Basis” Amid China Row: Report

(NDTV, 19 October 2020) News Link

  •  India, US expected to sign BECA deal during 2+2 dialogue this month-end

(Times of India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. India-UK Air Bubble Arrangement Sees Weekly Direct Flight Between Goa And London

(Republic World,19 October 2020) News Link

  • European countries
  1. French Ambassador Emmanuel Lenain: France supports India’s strategic autonomy

 (Tribune India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. Australia to join Malabar naval exercise with India, US and Japan

(daijiworld, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. Snubbing Technique Unit From Canada To Control Assam’s Baghjan Blowout: Oil India

(NDTV, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Financing India: India and Canada relation to touch 100 billion CAD

(Free Press Journel, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Bangladesh
  1. NIA chargesheets 12 for trafficking women from Bangladesh

(Mumbai Mirror, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Bhutan
  1. Illegal liquor godowns busted near Indo-Bhutan border

(thenortheasttoday, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Relation with Shri Lanka
  1. India and Sri Lanka begin their annual exercise SLINEX today

(DD News, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. Indians stranded in Pakistan due to COVID-19 return to India via Wagah-Attari border

(Times Now News, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Pakistan invites Indian Sikhs for Guru Nanak’s 551st birth anniversary

(Times of India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Pakistan readies plan to sabotage J&K telecom blackout with new mobile towers (Hindustan Times, 19 October 2020) News Link
  • Revealed: Pakistan Army’s new conspiracy to unleash terror in Jammu and Kashmir

(Zee News, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Pakistan Army emotionally blackmails its population with its own idea of India

(The Print, 19 October 2020) News Link

Rising Bharat National News Feed: October 19th 2020

  • Aksai Chin
  1. J&K भाजपा प्रमुख बोलेअब अक्साई चीन, गिलगित बाल्टिस्तान को आजाद कराने का वक्त

(Jansatta, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Why report on Capt Rajendra Nath’s 1952 expedition to Aksai Chin is classified to this day

(The Print, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • China’s unsubstantiated claim over Aksai Chin

(Financial Express, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. बदल रही फिजा: सरहद की रक्षा के लिए उमड़े जम्मूकश्मीर के हजारों युवा

(Amar Ujala, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • जम्मूकश्मीरः मेरा शहर मेरी शान कार्यक्रम आज से, परेड ग्राउंड में लगेगा मेला 

(Amar Ujala, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. NEP is huge initiative to bring fundamental change in India’s education setup: PM Modi

Key points:

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the centenary convocation of the University of Mysore. The event took place via video conferencing on October 19. While addressing the centenary convocation, PM Modi said, “National Education Policy is a huge initiative to bring fundamental change in the education setup of the country. To make our capable youth even more competitive, a multidimensional approach is being focused on. Effort is to make youth flexible and adaptable for the changing nature of jobs.” “Never before had there been such four-dimensional reforms in the country. Earlier, when decisions were taken one sector used to benefit but others used to be left behind. In the last 6 years, multiple reforms in multiple sectors were done,” he added.

(Times of India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • NEP 2020 implementation: Running the PESTLE risk analysis tool

Key points:

  1. The National Education Policy 2020 arouses varied emotions for practising educators, parents and students. Given the pandemic, the policy comes across as an instrument of reconstruction of the education sector. To overcome the challenge of education continuity for millions of children is a humongous task, given the lack of access to technology and other support systems to a large population of children.
  2. A three-phased approach of survival, reconstruction and leading-by-example, supported by the PRMM (Preventive Risk Mitigation Model) and ECP (Education Continuity Plan), is a potent strategy (see graphics).

(Financial Express, 19 October 2020) News Link

Rising Bharat Swadeshi News Feed: October 19th 2020

  • Investment in Bharat by US companies
    • [Funding alert] Quiz-based learning platform Genius Teacher raises $2M from Indian and US investors

Key points:

  1. The Mumbai-based edtech startup will use the funding to create products for teachers and grow fast to million-plus students in the next 12 months.
  2. “Genius Teacher is all about transforming boring education to a learning adventure. We have a big vision to be the best quiz-based learning platform loved by millions of children in K-12. We will utilise our $2 million funds raised to create products for teachers and grow fast to million-plus students in the next 12 months,” said Founder and CEO Advitiya Sharma.
  3. With over 100-plus schools, 2,000+ teachers, 70,000+ paid students, and a record 100 percent renewals, Genius Teacher said it is bringing about a paradigm shift in how students are being taught in school and at home. Its app is available for Android and iOS users.

(Your Story,19 October 2020) News Link

  • Investment in Bharat by other countries
  1. [Funding alert] Ultraviolette Automotive raises from GoFrugal Technologies as part of ongoing Series B round

Key points:

  1. Earlier in September 2020, Ultraviolette Automotive raised Rs 30 crore by the leading two-wheeler and three-wheeler manufacturer TVS Motor Company, as a part of its ongoing Series B funding.
  2. Bengaluru-based startup Ultraviolette Automotive on Monday announced that it has raised an undisclosed amount as part of its ongoing Series B round led by Kumar Vembu, CEO of GoFrugal Technologies.
  3. Earlier in September 2020, Ultraviolette Automotive raised Rs 30 crore by the leading two-wheeler and three-wheeler manufacturer TVS Motor Company, as a part of its ongoing Series B funding.
  4. At Ultraviolette Automotive, our ambition has always been to create a visible and tangible impact in the personal mobility industry, by developing products and solutions that are indigenously built, technologically disruptive and that reflects the unlimited potential for innovation across every aspect of design engineering (Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link
  • Startup in Bharat by Bhartiya
    • RAISE 2020: This startup powers Indic language interfaces of Paytm, PolicyBazaar, others

Key points:

  1. Gurugram-based AI startup Process9’s Indic language technologies service verticals like ecommerce, entertainment, fintech, and travel.
  2. One of the co-founders, Devendra Joshi, was responsible for localising Apple products in local languages back in the 90s. He was also the first to develop Indic language fonts for media companies in India and Southeast Asia.
  3. In the early 2010s, when Joshi and his Co-founders, Rakesh Kapoor and Vidushi Kapoor, turned their attention towards mobile and internet, they realised that Indic languages had a “next-to-nothing” presence in the space.
  4. “Many of the things we launched years ago are mainstream now. We worked with mobile manufacturers to Indianse their OS, fonts, and keypads. Our localisation stack was pre-embedded in their handsets. Today, Indic language support on smartphones is mandatory because mobiles are the entry point to the internet. Availability of Indic languages improves representation and accessibility.”
  5. Over 60 percent of the fintech decacorn’s users come from Tier II and III towns, with 25-30 percent transacting in Indic languages. Process9 powers Paytm’s Indic language interfaces and helps drive deeper user engagement.

(Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • This Benglauru-based startup is enabling businesses to grow by specialising in all things data

Key points:

  1. With its database support, consultancy and engineering services, know how GeoPITS is enabling companies to grow by creating a high-performing database environment to derive meaningful business insights at affordable costs tailor made for their requirements.
  2. Thiru founded Geo Platinum IT Services (GeoPITS) to bring this change in approach by providing the right expertise in building a reliable, scalable and efficient database environment. Founded in 2017, its mission is to create a high-performing database environment for companies to derive meaningful business insights while keeping costs, quality and sustainability in mind.
  3. GeoPITS provides comprehensive database services across three main aspects: 24×7 database support, managed services and consulting. The company’s experts provide round-the-clock database support, including remote database administration (DBA) support that helps companies to monitor, manage, optimise and maintain databases as per their requirements.
  4. Despite growing awareness about the benefits of cloud adoption, migrating databases to the cloud is often perceived as a difficult exercise. GeoPITS’ tried and trusted staged migration approach helps companies effectively move their database to any on premise, cloud or hybrid environment, with ease. In one instance, GeoPITS managed to migrate a company’s database and ETL packages in five months, with only two hours of downtime in the entire period.

(Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • How Pune-based Vendekin is using SaaS tech to enable a secure, cashless, and touch-free vending experience

Key points:

  1. End-to-end integrated intelligent vending solution Vendekin partners with manufacturers and retrofits existing vending machines to enable users to purchase via a mobile app and make cashless payments.
  2. Founded in 2016 by Aroon Khatter, Pune-based Vendekin is looking to tap this growing market by enabling the digitisation and democratisation of vending with its patented technology for unmanned automated vending machines, micro markets, and self-service kiosks.
  3. Vendekin, which aims to make the vending experience touch-free and cashless, is involved in retrofitting existing vending machines and partnering with vending machine manufacturers to include SaaS technology, which enables users to purchase the product via mobile app and make payments online.
  4. Earlier named Convipay, Vendekin began its journey by enabling digital transactions for sanitary napkin vending machines. On realising the lack of digitisation in the space, the startup was expanded to create an online software platform to ensure a single-point interface for users.
  5. Vendekin is currently working with Godrej, Hindustan Unilever, and Nestle to digitise their coffee machines. It also counts brands such as Coca-Cola and Yess Pizza as clients. The company works with multibrand vending machine makers such as Vendiman, InstaGo, and Grabbit among others for retrofitting their machines.

(Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Stylish yet simple: startup Boingg!’s winning mantra to give kids a happy start

Key points:

  1. Gurugram-based children’s furniture startup Boingg! survived days of zero revenue during the pandemic-led lockdown. Sales have now picked up for the startup, which is targeting up to Rs 50 lakh revenue per month by Diwali.
  2. “In a family home, all the joy and laughter reside in the child’s room. We want the room to match its occupant,” says Neha Indori, Co-founder of children furniture startup Boingg!
  3. Bitten by the entrepreneurial bug, Neha discussed the idea with her husband, Vitesh, and her brother-in-law, Dhruvan Barar, an IIM-Kozhikode graduate who was then working with Quikr as a Senior Associate. Vitesh decided to continue working with BMW, while Neha quit her job at Infosys India and joined hands with Dhruvan to start Boingg!
  4. “Boingg! is the sound when kids are jumping up and down on the bed! The name signifies the sheer joy of that happy moment and also the fact that the kids can, in fact, jump on our beds as much as they want. We tested them with our own kids,” Neha says.
  5. Boingg! targets young couples between ages 25 and 35 years, with children between zero to six years old. It sells beds, tables, storages, cribs, changing tables, nursing chairs, sofas, teepees, playmats, among others. The price for Boingg!’s furniture starts from Rs 2,750 (for a wall shelf) and can go up to Rs 83,500 (for a bunk bed with an in-built wardrobe.)

(Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Goa Startup’s Biodegradable Packaging Stores Liquid Food For 2 Days, Without Leaks

Key points:

  1. “The practice of food packaging and delivery in the food and restaurant business is predominantly centred around plastic or aluminium containers. These containers either pile up in our homes or probably enter a landfill,” says Sachin Gangadharan, an architect who quit his job and co-founded the startup in 2019.
  2. LaFabrica Craft launched by Sachin Gangadharan offers biodegradable packaging solutions through innovative paper bags that prevent liquids from leaking and carry weights upto 20 kg
  3. Can you imagine collecting a parcel for a dal or a curry from one of the favourite restaurants in a paper bag? Further, what if the paper packaging guarantees to be leak-proof for two days? A Goa-based startup – LaFabrica Craft – has innovated just that -a packaging solution that allows liquid food items to be carried in a biodegradable packaging solution.

(The Better India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. कुल्हड़ से बनी छत और लकड़ीपत्थर के शानदार मकान, ये आठ दोस्त बदल रहे हैं गाँवों की तस्वीर

Key points:

  1. सेंटर फॉर एनवायरमेंटल प्लानिंग एंड टेक्नोलॉजी (CEPT), अहमदाबाद के 8 साथियों ने मिलकर कॉलेज के दिनों में ही कंपार्टमेंट्स एस4 (Compartments S4) नाम से एक आर्किटेक्चर कंपनी शुरू कर दी थी। इसके तहत उनका लक्ष्य सतत वास्तुकला के जरिए सामुदायिक विकास को बढ़ावा देना है।
  2. मोनिक शाह कहते हैं कि गाँव के लोगों के लिए छोटी-छोटी चीजों के भी बड़े मायने होते हैं। घुग्गूखाम गाँव के प्रवेश स्थल पर एक साइन बोर्ड लगा था, जो बेकार हो चुका था। इसलिए हमने वहाँ नया साइन बोर्ड लगाते हुए, उसमें एक स्पीकर लगा दिया। इसमें स्थानीय पक्षियों, लोक गीतों बारिश आदि की आवाज रिकार्डेड थी और जब भी वहाँ से कोई गुजरता, तो इसमें से काफी मीठी आवाज आती “घुग्गूखाम में आपका स्वागत है”, इससे ग्रामीणों को काफी खुशी हुई।
  3. मोनिक शाह ने बताया कि उत्तराखंड में खुले में शौच की काफी समस्या है। इसी को देखते हुए उन्हें पौड़ी जिला प्रशासन की ओर से शौचालय का मॉडल विकसित करने का मौका मिला। उन्होंने कहा, “सामान्यतः शौचालय बनाने में 3500-4000 ईंट और 25-30 सीमेंट की बोरियां लगती है, लेकिन हमने इसे मात्र 2 हजार ईंट और 15 बैग सीमेंट में बना दिया। इससे घर को थर्मल इंसुलेशन भी मिल गया।“मोनिक शाह कहते हैं कि इस परियोजना का उद्देश्य ग्रामीणों को शौचालय के महत्व को बताना था। इसलिए उन्होंने स्थानीय लोगों की जरूरतों को समझते हुए इसमें वेंडिंग मशीन, ब्रेस्ट फीडिंग रूम, आदि की भी व्यवस्था की। इस तरह, 150 वर्ग फीट के इस शौचालय को बनाने में महज 2 लाख रुपए खर्च हुए।

(The Better India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • मोती की खेती से बने लखपति, शिक्षित युवाओं से करते हैं किसानी करने की अपील

Key points:

  1. विजेंद्र ने द बेटर इंडिया को बताया, “गाँव में मेरे चार तालाब हैं। इनमें तीन 60×40, जबकि एक 60×50 मीटर का है। एक तालाब में 5000 से लेकर 7000 तक सीप डाले जाते हैं। इनका मॉर्टेलिटी रेट 30 फीसदी के आस पास है। 70 प्रतिशत के करीब सीप मिल जाता है। एक सीप में दो मोती होते हैं। इस तरह 5000 सीप से 10 हजार के करीब मोती प्राप्त हो जाते हैं। एक मोती न्यूनतम सौ से डेढ़ सौ रूपये का बिकता है। एक तालाब से 5.50 लाख रुपये से अधिक की कमाई हो जाती है।”
  2. विजेंद्र के ज्यादातर मोती की सप्लाई हैदराबाद में होती है। इसके अलावा हरिद्वार, ऋषिकेश जैसी जगहों पर भी इनकी अच्छी मांग है। तीर्थ स्थान होने की वजह से मोती की बनी माला, अंगूठी आदि में धारण करने के लिए इन मोतियों की मांग वहाँ से आती है।
  3. विजेंद्र बताते हैं कि वह मोती की खेती के साथ मछली पालन भी करते हैं। इससे उनकी अतिरिक्त आय होती है। इसके अलावा वह अन्य किसानों को मोती की खेती के लिए प्रशिक्षित भी करते हैं।

(The Better India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • नीदरलैंड से खेती सीखी, सालाना 12 लाख टर्नओवर; देश के पहले किसान, जिसने धनिया से बनाया वर्ल्ड रिकॉर्ड

Key points:

  1. अभी आठ एकड़ जमीन पर सेब और मसालों की खेती कर रहे हैं गोपाल, सेब की खेती के लिए उन्होंने नीदरलैंड और फ्रांस जाकर ट्रेनिंग ली है
  2. अभी सेब के साथ ही हल्दी, लहसुन, धनिया सहित कई मसालों की भी खेती करते हैं, वो कहते हैं कि एक इंच भी जमीन खाली नहीं जानी चाहिए
  3. गोपाल बताते हैं कि सेब की खेती के लिए सबसे जरूरी चीज है इसकी ट्रेनिंग। किसी एक्सपर्ट किसान से सेब की खेती को समझना चाहिए। जरूरत पड़े तो कुछ दिन किसानों के साथ रहकर हर छोटी बड़ी जानकारी हासिल करनी चाहिए। दूसरी सबसे अहम बात है कि इसकी खेती के लिए ठंडी वाली जगह होनी चाहिए। पहाड़ी बर्फीली इलाके में सेब की अच्छी खेती होती है। इसके साथ ही धैर्य और डेडिकेशन की भी जरूरत होती है। प्लांट्स की अच्छे तरीके से देखभाल की जरूरत होती है।

(Bhaskar, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Homemade masks (Samaj ka contribution)
    • ढलती उम्र में है दूसरों के लिए कुछ करने की चाह, खुद सिलकर मुफ्त में बांटे 2000 मास्क

Key points:

  1. मास्क बनाने की मुहिम के बारे में वह बतातीं हैं, “जब लॉकडाउन हुआ तब मैं बेंगलुरू में बेटे के घर में थी। एक दिन मेरी बेटी ने एक वीडियो भेजा कि कैसे लोग घरों पर ही मास्क बना रहे हैं। इसके बाद ही मैंने मास्क बनाना शुरू किया।”
  2. जब तक वह बेंगलुरू में रहीं तो वहाँ पर हाथ से ही मास्क बनाकर सफाई कर्मचारी, सब्ज़ीवालों, चौकीदार आदि को बांटतीं रहीं। लॉकडाउन के बाद वह सांगली लौट आईं। यहाँ भी अपने सभी काम करते हुए उन्होंने मास्क बनाना ज़ारी रखा। यहाँ पर वह अपनी सिलाई मशीन से मास्क बनाती हैं। उन्होंने अब तक 2000 से भी ज्यादा मास्क बांटे हैं।
  3. “अब तो मेरे जीवन का उद्देश्य यही है कि मैं दूसरों की सेवा कर पाऊं। किसी ज़रूरतमंद के लिए कुछ करूँ, इससे ज्यादा और क्या चाहिए? बाकी मेरे बच्चे और उनके बच्चे हमेशा मुझे आगे बढ़ने के लिए प्रेरित करते रहते हैं। ढलती उम्र में अक्सर यही लगता है कि कुछ करने के लिए नहीं है लेकिन यह सिर्फ एक मिथक है। कभी भी यह नहीं सोचें कि अब आप कुछ नहीं कर सकते, अब जितनी सांसे मिली हैं, कम से कम उनमें तो किसी के लिए कुछ करने की कोशिश कर ही सकते हैं,” उन्होंने कहा।

(The Better India, 19 October 2020) News Link

  1. Delhi constable takes classes for children who cannot afford smart devices

Key points:

  1. Constable Than Singh has been conducting classes for children for a long time now. He continues teaching them during the pandemic too, after ensuring all health protocols are in place.
  2. Than Singh, a constable from the Delhi police force continues to do what he’s good at – helping children continue their education. And the pandemic has not put a stop to it. Than Singh takes classes for children from underprivileged backgrounds, especially children of labourers across the city.
  3. Earlier in September, a Bengaluru cop also conducted classes in a similar manner in a migrant settlement in Nagarbhavi. Sub-Inspector of Police Shantappa Jadammanavar engaged the students in an hour of Vedic mathematics every day before heading to work.

(Your Story, 19 October 2020) News Link

  • Vaccine development
  1. स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य मंत्री ने राज्‍यों के साथ शुरू किया संवाद, कहा- टीकाकरण के लिए मिलकर करनी होगी कोशिशें

Key points:

  1. केंद्रीय स्वास्थ्य मंत्री डॉ हर्षवर्धन ने सोमवार को कहा कि विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय ने कोरोना के मामलों से संबंधित पूर्वानुमान मॉडल बनाने के लिए दुनिया के वैज्ञानिकों से संपर्क किया है। अनुसंधान आधारित उपायों में पाया गया है कि 3-4 महीनों तक उचित व्यवहार के जरिए भारत में कोरोना के मामलों में गिरावट की प्रवृत्ति बढ़ेगी। उन्‍होंने यह भी कहा कि यदि एहतियाती उपायों का समुचित ढंग से पालन किया जाए तो फरवरी तक हमारे पास 40 हजार सक्रिय केस होंगे।
  2. केंद्रीय स्‍वास्‍थ्‍य मंत्री ने कहा कि टीकाकरण प्रक्रिया, कर्मचारियों एवं अन्य लॉजिस्टिक्स के प्रशिक्षण के लिए राज्य और केंद्र सरकार दोनों की ओर से मिलकर प्रयास किए जाने की जरूरत है। मैंने फिर से सभी राज्यों के साथ एक-एक कर, वहां की कोविड-19 की स्थिति और उनके मुख्य लक्षणों को लेकर बैठकें शुरू की हैं। आज सबसे पहली बैठक गुजरात के साथ की है। मुझे यकीन है कि हमारा देश आने वाले वक्‍त में भी कोरोना के मामलों में धीमी गिरावट की प्रवृत्ति को बरकरार रखेगा।
  3. उल्‍लेखनीय है कि हर्षवर्धन ने रविवार को कहा था कि कोरोना का सामुदायिक तौर पर संक्रमण चुनिंदा राज्यों के कुछ जिलों में सीमित है। उन्‍होंने साफ किया था कि कम्‍यूनिटी ट्रांसमिशन पूरे देश में नहीं हो रहा है। ‘सन्डे संवाद’ के छठे एपिसोड में सोशल मीडिया फॉलोअरों से बातचीत में उन्‍होंने कहा था कि पश्चिम बंगाल समेत अनेक राज्यों के विभिन्न हिस्सों में और खासतौर पर घनी आबादी वाले क्षेत्रों में कोरोना का कम्‍यूनिटी ट्रांसमिशन यानी सामुदायिक संक्रमण हो रहा है। सनद रहे कि केंद्र सरकार अभी तक सामुदायिक संक्रमण की बात से इनकार करती रही है।

(Jagran, 19 October 2020) News Link