వివాదాస్పదమైన అన్ని స్థలాలలో ముస్లింలు తమ వాదనలను ఆపి, కూల్చివేసిన దేవాలయాలపై నిర్మించిన 11 మసీదులను హిందువులకు అప్పగించాలని ఉత్తర ప్రదేశ్, షియా వక్ఫ్ బోర్డు చైర్మన్ సయ్యద్ వసీమ్ రజ్వి అన్నారు.
ముస్లింలు మధుర, వారణాసి, జౌన్పూర్లతో సహా దేశవ్యాప్తంగా ఇలాంటి 11 వివాదాస్పద స్థలాల విషయంలో తమ వాదనను ఆపివేసి, తమ పూర్వీకుల తప్పులను సరిదిద్దుకోవడానికి ఆ స్థలాలను హిందువులకు అప్పగించాలని రిజ్వి విజ్ఞప్తి చేశారు. అయితే కూల్చివేసిన దేవాలయాలపై నిర్మించిన వివాదాస్పద నిర్మాణాలలో నమాజ్ చేయడానికి సున్నీ ముస్లింలు అనుమతి కోరిన నేపధ్యంలో ఆయన ఈ విజ్ఞప్తి చేశారని ఇండియన్ ఎక్స్ ప్రెస్ పత్రిక ప్రచురించింది.
ఇలాంటి పరిష్కారమార్గాన్ని అనుసరించకపోతే అయోధ్య వివాదం తేలిన తర్వాత కూడా ఇలాంటి మరిన్ని వివాదాలు తలెత్తే ప్రమాదం ఉంటుంది. వివాదాస్పద నిర్మాణాలలో నమాజ్ చేయడానికి సున్నీలు అనుమతి కోరిన తరువాత అటువంటి విజ్ఞప్తి అవసరం” అని ఆయన అన్నారు.
`మసీదులను నిర్మించడానికి మొఘలులు తీసుకున్న దేవాలయాల భూమిని తిరిగి ఇచ్చే సమయం ఆసన్నమైందని, దేవాలయాల స్థానంలో నిర్మించిన మసీదులను హిందువులకు అప్పగించాలని, పూర్వీకుల తప్పులను మనం సరిదిద్దుకుని దేశంలో శాంతిని నెలకొల్పాలి’ అని రిజ్వి చెప్పారు.
Source : vsktelangana.org
By Arun Kumar
“THE ISSUE OF J&K HAS ENTERED THE PHASE WHERE THE TRUTH HAS TO BE ESTABLISHED BASED ON FACTS AND LOGIC. THE RSS HAS ACCEPTED EVEN THIS CHALLENGE OF THE INTELLECTUAL STRUGGLE AND A CONTINUOUS EFFORT IS ON TO BRING OUT THE TRUTH BEFORE THE PEOPLE THROUGH RESEARCH-BASED STUDIES.”
August 15, 1947.. The whole of Bharat was beaming with the joy of the Independence. The people in Jammu & Kashmir were also breathing in free air after the slavery of centuries. Even this Independence did not appear palatable to the people from a particular class who were inebriated in the communal frenzy. They thought that Kashmir was a Muslim majority state that had to be in Pakistan. They hoisted the Pakistani flags on the government buildings in Srinagar before the sunrise. The people’s reactions arose in hushed tones; but who would come forward? The RSS swayamsevaks came out for the Shakha with the sunrise and they heard this talk. There was a meeting after the Shakha and the swayamsevaks decided that the strong reply would be given. They came together near Amirakdal exactly at 10 am. Patriot citizens also joined them. Thousands of people ferried the roads of Srinagar chanting ‘Bharat Mata Ki Jai’. Within no time, the Pakistani flags were taken down from the government buildings. The Kashmir Valley had then and even now has a Muslim majority. Like today, a gang of nuisance makers existed at that time also who were few in number but had the capability to take the valley hostage. In spite of this, the courage that the citizens showed on August 15, 1947 along with the RSS swayamsevaks by resisting those nuisance makers had the background of a grand programme of the RSS that had started just a few months earlier. The people of Kashmir valley experienced the capability and the discipline of the RSS for the first time in that programme. The programme had taken place at DAV College, Srinagar in which more than one thousand swayamsevaks in their uniforms took part. In his address, the then RSS Sarsanghachalak Poojya Shri Madhavrao Golwalkarji aka Shri Guruji explained the necessity of the unity of the Hindus and appealed to be alert towards the anti-national activities and foil their ploys with the help of united force. This initiative by the swayamsevaks filled the minority but nationalist community, which was affected by an inferiority complex, with enthusiasm. The confidence that arose through it played an important role to face off the Pakistani aggression in coming days.
Those were stormy days. The prominent RSS workers in Jammu & Kashmir could hear the sound of coming tragedy and were working on a war footing, with their all might, to avoid it. In this regard, some prominent swayamsevaks had even penetrated among the pro-Pakistani conspirators in the areas that are today in the Pak-occupied area as well as in Srinagar because of which they received confirmed reports of the conspiracies being hatched in Karachi and Rawalpindi. On the one hand, the swayamsevaks were gathering information by staking their lives and on the other hand, the work of uniting the youths was on constantly through the Shakhas. The reports coming from the border areas was worrisome and the swayamsevaks were determined that they would try everything to save Jammu & Kashmir from the Pakistani conspiracy. When the plan of attack on October 22 was prepared on October 13, 1947, in the presence of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, a swayamsevak was present there in disguise. The RSS headquarters at Srinagar had received this information by night which was conveyed in time to Brigadier Rajendra Singh and Brigadier Fakir Singh. Likewise, the swayamsevaks were the first to receive the information of the Pakistani conspiracy to abduct Maharaja Hari Singh during his tour of Bhimber. The then Sanghachalak of Jammu Pt. Premanth Dogra alerted Maharaja in time because of which the latter changed his programme. The attack on Bhimber failed and Maharaja’s life could be saved.
On the Path of Duty
Brig. Rajendra Singh was martyred while combating the Pakistani attackers in Uri. In that difficult situation, Maharaja Hari Singh himself called Shri Balraj Madhok, who handled the entire expedition on RSS behalf, to his Palace. Prime Minister Mehar Chand Mahajan said clearly, “We want youths from you who can go to Baramulla tomorrow itself and help the military in stopping the enemy from entering Kashmir valley.” Shri Madhok said, “The hearts of our youths are full of spirit, enthusiasm, they are ready to shed their lives for the nation, but they are not soldiers. They have neither arms nor the training to use them. In such a situation, how helpful can they be?” Brig. Fakir Singh said instantly, “The RSS swayamsevaks are patriots and educated. We will train them and make them soldiers within a day.” “So, how many swayamsevaks do you want?” “150, tomorrow at 7 am.” It was 12 am. The Mukhya Shikshaks of Rainawadi, Parana City and Amirakdal were awakened from the sleep and given the responsibility of informing their swayamsevaks by 3 am to gather in the RSS office at 6 am with the preparedness of going to the war zone. The smaller groups of swayamsevaks started coming to the RSS office from the 5 am itself. By 7 am, more than 200 swayamsevaks had gathered of which 150 swayamsevaks were selected. Those who were rejected had tearful eyes. After an inspiring address by Shri Madhok, there was Sangh prayer and the swayamsevak left in the trucks towards the camp at Badami Bagh.
Ready for your cause…
The whole of Kashmir was expecting the Bharatiya army to reach any moment. However, wider airstrips were needed for the landing of the military planes and they were not there. The swayamsevaks finished the challenging task of constructing airstrips at three places – Srinagar, Jammu and Poonch by toiling day and night.
On the Path of Sacrifice
The first aeroplane of the Indian Air Force landed in Srinagar on October 27, 1947. Within next ten days, the Bharatiya Army captured all the area up to Uri. When the Pakistanis had to retreat from Kashmir, they increased their pressure on Jammu. Both Bhimber and Meerpur had fallen into Pakistan’s hands. More than 50,000 citizens were killed mercilessly. It is impossible to describe what happened to thousands of mothers and sisters. The grip was tightening around Kotli. The possibility of getting military help was dim. An IAF aeroplane threw eight boxes of ammunition but it also fell into the enemy-controlled territory. It was neither possible to bring it back from among the enemy nor fighting without it. The RSS swayamsevaks came forward to turn the impossible to possible. Kotli’s Nagar Karyavah Chandra Prakash took seven swayamsevaks beside him and reached to the box of ammunition scrawling. A nullah in the way was to be crossed swimming. The sounds emanating from the water alerted the enemy. They were inching forward and pushing the box amidst the showering of bullets. All of a sudden, bullets hit Chandra Prakashji and Ved Prakashji, but they had no time to look after them. The other swayamsevaks took their boxes and went ahead. They returned after successfully handing over the ammunition to the soldiers. Both the swayamsevaks passed away. They had to carry their dead bodies on their back and scrawl upwards on the hill. The showering of the bullets was becoming intense. Two more swayamsevaks were hit by the bullets and remaining two colleagues lifted them on their back. All four swayamsevaks were cremated on the same pyre on the outskirts of the Kotli town. They lived up to their vow. The soldiers had enough ammunition now that they took with them and started marching ahead on the same road from where it was brought. The Pakistani guns were rendered silent with the sunrise. The tricolour was flying high on the hill ahead. This Body fells for You, Salute Salute! Kotli was now in full control of the Bharatiya Army. A report came abruptly that the aggressors had surrounded 1200 Hindus in Palandhari, 20 kms away from there. Kotli could not be left unsecured, hence soldiers in large number could not be sent there. It was determined that three soldiers, 15 jawans of Jammu & Kashmir Police and 100 swayamsevaks would go to Palandhari for this mission. The enemy got the information of this mission in advance because of a traitor officer and they were all prepared for this. The entire unit fought till their last breath; none of them returned alive.
The second stage of the RSS work started after creating a successful history of sacrifices. The challenge lay ahead after the ceasefire came into being of looking after those who had come as the migrants and displaced, after losing everything and near and dear ones, in Jammu and its vicinity. Sheikh Abdullah did not allow even the state’s own people to stay in Kashmir and pushed them towards Jammu. It is a travesty that Jammu has remained a land of these displaced people even today. RSS asked help from the society for the urgent necessities of these people and started working on priority issues like their food, shelter, security and medical help. The swayamsevaks yoked themselves to the service of these migrants and displaced, without thinking about themselves, as they stood firm like a wall before the enemy during the time of Pakistan’s aggression.
Praja Parishad and its Agitation
Disturbed by the Pakistani atrocities against his subjects, Maharaja Hari Singh even accepted the illogical demand of handing over the power to Sheikh Abdullah and signed on the letter of annexation. Immediately after assuming charge, Sheikh started dealing with a stern hand with his political opponents. People of Jammu were considered to be the supporters of Maharaja and they were attacked as well. This situation forced the people of Jammu to form their own political party. Jammu Praja Parishad was formed by projecting Shri Premnath Dogra, a consensus personality who was once the Deputy Commissioner of Muzaffarabad. Its president and minister, Hari Wazir and Hansraj Sharma respectively, were young but its functioning and organisation were backed by the belligerent leadership of Shri Balraj Madhok. The Praja Parishad spread its wing all over the state in no time. Praja Parishad took many efforts to resolve the problem. Its leadership put forward the actual position before Sheikh Abdullah in the state and Sardar Patel and Prime Minister Pt. Nehru in Delhi. Infuriated with this, Sheikh expelled Shri Madhok, his parents and his family from Jammu and put Pt. Premanth Dogra in jail. The opposition was growing and Sheikh’s brutality also. On his instance, the administration was inflicting free-willed atrocities against Praja Parishad workers and supporters. The developments like Delhi Accord happening under Sheikh Abdullah’s pressure, announcement of the Sadr-i-Riyasat after changing the President-approved head of the state etc. created an atmosphere of uncertainty and distrust in the state. As a result, the Praja Parishad was forced to move towards a decisive agitation.
Heat of the Agitation in Delhi
The agitation was at its peak in Jammu. The agitators were facing canes and bullets every day. Processions supporting the agitation started in Delhi too and a series of protests went on. The police caned the agitators brutally in Hauz Qazi in which 60 persons were injured. The teargas shells were also thrown. This instigated the protests even more. The annual meeting of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh was on at the time in Kanpur. The Jana Sangh announced an eight-member fact-finding team to be sent to Jammu but the Bharatiya government did not allow it to go there. Jana Sangh, Hindu Mahasabha and Ramrajya Parishad announced their decision to observe March 5 jointly as the Jammu Day. Section 144 was imposed at all major places in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. A big rally was organised in the ground in front of Delhi Station that was presided by Karpatri Maharaj. Jana Sangh’s president Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee addressed the rally. The police arrested Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, Barrister Nirmalchandra Chaterjee, Nandlal Sharma and Vaidya Gurudutt in the midst of the crowd. A satyagrah was announced in Delhi and Pathankot against the arrest of Dr. Mookerjee and police atrocities. Praja Parishad is credited with providing a platform for the citizens in Jammu & Kashmir, who wanted to associate their identity with Bharat. The agitation of the nationalist forces under its leadership foiled the British conspiracy to break Kashmir away from Bharat and the ploys of Sheikh Abdullah to become Kashmir’s sultan. It was also successful in attracting the nation’s attention on this point and create a strong public opinion.
Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee’s Martyrdom
When the people of Jammu were struggling for their survival under the leadership of Praja Parishad, the national leader and Jana Sangh president Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, who was former Industries Minister in Nehru cabinet, went to Jammu with three other MPs namely Shri V.G. Deshpande, Shri Ram Narayan Singh and Barrister Uma Shankar Trivedi in August 1952. Dr. Mookerjee gave a strong boost to the agitation, which was on with the slogan ‘one law, one ruler and one flag’. Addressing a rally during this time, he announced, “Either I will obtain the law or sacrifice myself.” A unanimous resolution in this regard was passed in the first session of Jana Sangh at Kanpur in December 1952 under which it was decided to extend full support to the Praja Parishad’s agitation and make it nationwide. It was also proposed to get cooperation from other nationalist organisations. There was no restraint to Sheikh’s tyranny in Jammu while Pt. Nehru was adamant in Delhi that he would trample the agitation with canes and bullets. Not only the opposition leaders and parties, even ruling party members could do little more than watching on helplessly. Satyagrah in March and April rocked Delhi. The satyagrahis were coming from all over the country and getting arrested themselves. They were mistreated not only on the road but in jail also. The trampling by the government was in full swing. On this background, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee announced as the last measure on May 7, “I will go to Jammu tomorrow”. It is notable here that when the agitation in Delhi was in full swing, two other members of Lok Sabha Barrister U.M. Trivedi and Hindu Mahasabha’s general secretary Vishnu Ghanshyam Deshpande had announced their visit to Jammu. They were arrested in Jalandhar on April 17. However, the Supreme Court acquitted and released them. The Bharatiya government learned from this that if he were arrested within the SC’s jurisdiction, he would also be released. Thus, Nehru and Sheikh’s plans would not bear fruit. Until then, Jammu and Kashmir was not in the jurisdiction of the SC of Bharat. Hence, he was arrested in Jammu & Kashmir’s borders. According to former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, who accompanied Dr. Mookrjee then as a journalist, the Deputy Commissioner of Gurudaspur himself came to him and said they would arrange everything for his visit. He said they did not want to stop him. There would be no hurdle in his travel because of him. They were ready to make his travel comfortable. However, as they reached halfway on the Madhopur Bridge, the Jammu & Kashmir police arrested him. The government did not allow Barrister Uma Shankar Trivedi, who had gone to file a petition in the Jammu & Kashmir High Court against the arrest, to meet him. He could meet Dr. Mookerjee only when the Jammu & Kashmir HC allowed him to do so. The verdict on Barrister Trivedi’s petition was scheduled on June 23. Everyone expected that Dr. Mookerjee would be released on this day. However, he died in suspicious conditions just on the eve of that day. His colleagues arrested with him were released. Dr. Mookerjee’s sacrifice bore fruit and the permit system was abolished. Many provisions of the Bharat’s constitution were enforced in the state.
A Silent Penance
For the next three decades, the central government carried out political experiments in Jammu & Kashmir. Through these experiments, Congress maintained its place in the state’s politics by overlooking the anti-Bharat activities and sometimes even by protecting them. As Pakistan changed its strategy after the defeat in Bangladesh, the separatists also changed their tunes. Sheikh Abdullah even started saying that Jammu & Kashmir’s annexation to Bharat was final. Impressed by this, Sheikh was again made the Chief Minister. For RSS, this was the period of silent penance. It knew that the direction in which the political ambitions were taking the state were not in people’s interests. Hence, a new age of struggle was inevitable to come and all nationalist forces had to unite in it. The RSS’ doubts proved true soon and the role of ever-ready force of RSS proved effective.
Against the Terrorism
Pakistan indulged in its strategy of inflicting thousand cuts on Bharat. The separatists living in the valley became its agents. The mainstream political parties closed their eyes towards them. The Ram Janmabhoomi agitation was instrumental in flaring up the communal sentiments in Kashmir. Rumour was spread in Kashmir that homicide of Muslims was going on while Jammu was all-calm. The naked dance of violence was started in Kashmir on this pretence. By 1989, the administration became totally helpless before the terrorists. Announcements of Nizam-e-Mustafa were being made from the mosques. Hindus were told to leave the valley. The terrorists killed prominent personalities like BJP vice president Shri Tikalal Tapalu, RSS senior member Shri Premnath Bhatt, Justice Neelkanth Ganju who pronounced the death sentence on Makbul Bhatt, Doordarshan’s director Lasa Kaul, etc. In this background, all religious and social organisations in Jammu & Kashmir were called together on the instance of RSS and Jammu Kashmir Sahayata Samiti was formed. The Samiti worked for the registration and rehabilitating the displaced on safer places. The swayamsevaks all over the country went from home to home, collected food, money, clothes and medicines on the appeal of the Samiti, and distributed them to the displaced.
Giving the first-hand experience to the people of the country was necessary so that they get an idea of the severity of the situation. More than 11 thousand boy and girl students from the country reached Jammu on the appeal of Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad and witnessed the reality. The ABVP had announced hoisting of tricolour in the Lal Chowk of Srinagar but the administration, which failed to stop the insult to the tricolour, stopped these nationalist youths from marching ahead. These youths, arrested with the tricolour, were placed in the jail at Udhampur for one day and released. From there, these students went to Delhi, sat before the residence of the then Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh, and handed over the tricolour with a challenge to hoist it in Lal Chowk.
Jammu-Kashmir Bachao Abhiyan
The women’s nationalist organisation Rashtra Sevika Samiti organised nationwide Jammu-Kashmir Bachao Abhiyan from March 29 to 31, 1991 for creating awareness. An attempt was made to draw the nation’s attention towards the situation in J&K through a grand awareness yatra and a public rally in Jammu on March 31. Thereafter, these sisters went to the displaced camps and witnessed the ground situation.
The Bharatiya Janata Party announced the Ekata Yatra to convey the state’s situation to every citizen. This Rathyatra started from Kanyakumari under the leadership of BJP’s then national president Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi on December 11, 1991. Resonating the chants of Bharat Mata Ki Jai in every village and town, this Yatra reached Srinagar on January 26, 1992 after crossing all hurdles where the tricolour was hoisted as announced in advance. More than 50,000 patriotic people reached Jammu to witness this moment but they could not reach Srinagar because of the road blockage. Finally, about 40 persons were taken to Srinagar by aeroplane. The terrorists’ threats proved useless and the nation’s pride emerged victoriously.
Towards Total Integration
This phase of terror was testing for the nationalist forces. Today, terrorism and separatism are fighting the last battle for its survival. The nationalist forces have emerged triumphant through this. There was a time when most of the people and even government thought that the Kashmir was slipping out of hand. Some opined that the state should be trifurcated and at least Jammu and Ladakh should be secured. Many advocated making the Line of Control the international border. The nationalist forces in Jammu & Kashmir have rejected all this negativity and proved their strength by their perseverance. The question today is how to regain the Bharatiya territory across the LoC. How to allay the confusion on the issue of Jammu & Kashmir that was created due to international diplomacy? How to end the falsehood that was established through the silence of the central government for six decades and bring the truth before the people? The issue of Jammu Kashmir has entered a new phase where the truth has to be established based on facts and logic. The RSS has accepted even this challenge of the intellectual struggle and a continuous effort is on to bring out the truth before the people through research-based studies in a phased and scientific manner. The way the issue of Jammu Kashmir has assumed centrality during last few years itself proves the relevance of these efforts.
(Sri Arun Kumar ji is Former Prant Pracharak of Jammu & Kashmir and presently Akhil Bharatiya Prachar Pramukh of RSS )
ఉస్మానియా యూనివర్సిటీలో జార్జిరెడ్డి ప్రస్థానం:
1969-70 మధ్యకాలంలో అర్జెంటీనా మార్క్సిస్ట్ చే గువేరా అడుగుజాడల్లో నడవాలనుకునే ఒక విద్యార్ధి బృందం ఏర్పడింది. దీనికి జార్జిరెడ్డి నేతృత్వం వహించాడు.
జార్జిరెడ్డి తల్లి కేరళ క్రిష్టియన్, తండ్రి చిత్తూరు ప్రాంతానికి చెందినవాడు. జార్జిరెడ్డి 8 ఏళ్ల వయసున్నప్పుడే అతడి తల్లిదండ్రులు విడిపోవడంతో ఆ కుటుంబ పరిస్థితుల ప్రభావం అతడిపై తీవ్రంగా ఉండేది.
కాలేజీ రోజుల్లో నక్సలిజం ఉద్యమానికి ఆకర్షితుడైన జార్జిరెడ్డి మార్క్సిజం గురించి అధ్యయనం చేశాడు. యూనివర్సిటీలో కొంతమంది విద్యార్థులకు జార్జిరెడ్డి స్వయంగా నకుల్ డస్టర్, కత్తులు, ఇతర పదునైన మారణాయుధాలను ఎలా ఉపయోగించాలో శిక్షణ ఇచ్చాడు. తమ సైద్ధాంతిక మూలాలు బయటపడకుండా ఉండడం కోసం ఈ బృందం కాంగ్రెస్ విద్యార్థి విభాగమైన ఎన్.ఎస్.యు.ఐ తో కలిసి పనిచేయడం ప్రారంభించాడు. ఆవిధంగా కాంగ్రెస్ నాయకుల అండదండలు కూడా పొందగలిగారు. అలా పనిచేస్తూ చే గువేరా హింసాయుత సిద్ధాంతాన్ని విద్యార్థులకు భోధించేవాడు. ఎన్.ఎస్.యు.ఐ వంటి కాంగ్రెస్ అనుబంధ సంస్థల ద్వారా తమ పొత్తును కొనసాగిస్తూ రాజకీయంగా తమ భావజాలాన్ని విస్తరించే ప్రయత్నం ఆరోజుల్లోనే ఉంది.
హింసాయుత నక్సల్ సిద్ధాంతమే స్ఫూర్తిగా:
ఆంధ్రప్రదేశ్ రాష్ట్రం శ్రీకాకుళంలో సాయుధ తిరుగుబాటు జరుగుతున్న సమయమది. 1968 – 72 మధ్య నాలుగు సంవత్సరాల పాటు జరిగిన ఈ హింసాత్మక ఘటనలో 156 మంది ప్రజలను ‘వర్గ శత్రువులు’గా పేర్కొంటూ నక్సలైట్లు తుదముట్టించారు. అది ఆనాటి హింసాత్మకతకు నిదర్శనం. ప్రముఖంగా మహిళలు, పిల్లలు ఈ హింసావాదానికి బలయ్యారు. వందలాది మంది క్షతగాత్రులయ్యారు. మధ్యయుగం నాటి క్రూరాత్మక ఘటనలను తలపించే విధంగా బాధితులు కోర్టుల్లో సాక్ష్యం చెప్పేందుకు కూడా భయపడే వాతావరణం సృష్టించారు. ప్రత్యర్ధులను హత్యచేసి, వారి అవయవాలను ముక్కలుగా కోసి వారి ఇంటికే వేలాడదీసేవారు. తలలను తెగనరికి వెదురు కర్రలకు వేలాడదీసి ఇంటి ఎదుట పాతేవారు. ‘నిందితులు’గా తాము ముద్రవేసినవారిని కుటుంబ సభ్యుల ముందే హింసించి కిరాతకంగా హత్యచేసేవారు. అలా చంపినవారి రక్తంతోనే గోడలపై `విప్లవ’ నినాదాలు రాసేవారు.
జార్జిరెడ్డి – క్రూరమైన హింసా ప్రవృత్తికి ప్రతిరూపం:
“నీ చేతులు వర్గశత్రువు రక్తంతో తడవనంతకాలం నువ్వు నిజమైన కమ్యూనిస్టువి కావు”
ఓయూ ప్రాంగణంలో జార్జిరెడ్డి వీరంగం:
1971లో జార్జిరెడ్డి తన బృందంతో జీపులో తిరుగుతూ విద్యార్థులలో భయాందోళనలు సృష్టించేవాడు. తన ఇష్టం వచ్చినట్టు ప్రవర్తిస్తూ పోస్ట్ గ్రాడ్యుయేషన్ చదువుతున్న ఏబీవీపీ విద్యార్థి సి.హెచ్. నరసింహారెడ్డిని ఓయూ హాస్టల్ నుండి బయటకు లాగి, హాకీ బ్యాట్లు, ఇనుప రాడ్లతో దాడిచేసి తీవ్రంగా గాయపరిచాడు. అప్పటి లా కళాశాల యూనియన్ ప్రెసిడెంట్ సి.హెచ్. విద్యాసాగర్ రావుపై దాడి చేసిన జార్జ్ రెడ్డి బృందం చేసిన దాడిలో దవడ ఎముకలు విరిగి, బాధితుడు తీవ్రంగా గాయపడ్డాడు. మరో ఏబీవీపీ నాయకుడు నారాయణ దాసును ఏకంగా ఇంట్లో నుంచి బయటకు లాగి తీవ్రంగా కొట్టారు. చివరికి చనిపోయాడనుకుని ఒక నిర్మానుష్య ప్రాంతంలో వదిలివేసి పోయారు. అప్పటి ఏబీవీపీ హైదరాబాద్ నేతతో ఎన్. ఇంద్రసేనారెడ్డితో పాటు సూరదాస్ రెడ్డి, మరికొందరు విద్యార్ధులపై కూడా ఇలాంటి దాడే జరిగింది. అప్పటి కాంగ్రెస్ ప్రభుత్వం ఇలాంటి హింసాత్మక ఘటనలను చూసీచూడనట్టు వ్యవహరించింది. దానితో ఏబీవీపీ విద్యార్థులే లక్ష్యంగా జార్జిరెడ్డి హింసాత్మక చర్యలు మరింత పెరిగాయి.
1972 ఏప్రిల్ 14న విశ్వవిద్యాలయ ఇంజనీరింగ్ కళాశాల విద్యార్థి యూనియన్ ఎన్నికలు జరగాల్సి ఉంది. అప్పుడే జార్జిరెడ్డి తన బృందంతో కలిసి ఇంజనీరింగ్ హాస్టల్ మీద దాడిచేశాడు. జార్జిరెడ్డి ఇంజనీరింగ్ కాలేజ్ విద్యార్థి కాదు, ఆ కళాశాల హాస్టల్ కు అతడికి సంబంధం కూడా లేదు. జార్జిరెడ్డి వర్గానికి వ్యతిరేకంగా పోటీచేస్తున్న విద్యార్థి నివసిస్తున్న ఇంజనీరింగ్ కాలేజ్ హాస్టల్లోకి వెళ్లాల్సిన అవసరం అతడికి ఏమొచ్చింది?
ఆ సమయంలో అక్కడ జరిగిన ఘర్షణలో అతను ప్రాణాలు కోల్పోయాడు.
మరుసటి రోజు దినపత్రికలలో ‘ఎన్.ఎస్.యు.ఐ విద్యార్థి నేత జార్జిరెడ్డి మరణం వెనుక ఏబీవీపీ, ఆరెస్సెస్’ అని ఆరోపిస్తూ వార్తలు వచ్చాయి. విచిత్రమేమిటంటే ఏ పత్రికా జార్జిరెడ్డి నేరచరిత్రను కనీసం ప్రస్తావించలేదు. విద్యార్థి రాజకీయాల్లో ఏబీవీపీని పూర్తిగా తుదముట్టించేందుకు ఇదొక అవకాశంగా కాంగ్రెస్ ఈ హత్యను ఉపయోగించుకునే ప్రయత్నం చేసింది.
కాంగ్రెస్ నేత జైపాల్ రెడ్డి ఆధ్వర్యంలో జార్జిరెడ్డి మృతదేహాన్ని ఆరెస్సెస్ ప్రధాన కార్యాలయం ఎదుట ఉంచి, వ్యతిరేక నినాదాలిస్తూ, కార్యాలయ గేట్లు దూకి లోపలికి చొరబడే ప్రయత్నం చేసారు. క్రైస్తవ మతం స్వీకరించిన మాజీ ముఖ్యమంత్రి బ్రహ్మానందరెడ్డి జార్జిరెడ్డి కుటుంబాన్ని పరామర్శించారు. కాంగ్రెస్, సీపీఐ, సీపీఎం పార్టీలకు చెందిన దాదాపు 175 మంది ఎంపీలు అప్పటి ప్రధాని ఇందిరాగాంధీని కలిసి ఆరెస్సెస్ మీద చర్యలు తీసుకోవాల్సిందిగా ఒక మెమోరాండం సమర్పించారు. కానీ అసలు నిజం ప్రభుత్వ ఇంటెలిజెన్స్ విభాగానికి జార్జిరెడ్డి నేర చరిత్ర సుపరిచితమే.
ఏబీవీపీ విద్యార్ధులపై నేరారోపణ – హైకోర్టు క్లీన్ చిట్:
ఈ హత్యకేసులో 9 మంది విద్యార్ధులపై చార్జిషీట్ నమోదైంది. 6 నెలలపాటు జైలులో ఉన్న వీరిని ట్రయిల్ కోర్ట్ నిర్దోషులుగా విడుదల చేసింది. వారి విడుదల రోజు ఎన్.ఎస్.యు.ఐ విద్యార్థులు ఓయూ ప్రాంగణంలో “కోర్టులు కాదు, మేము బహిరంగ తీర్పు చెప్పి శిక్షీస్తాం” అంటూ నినాదాలిచ్చారు. ప్రభుత్వం హైకోర్టులో అప్పీల్ చేసింది. హైకోర్టు కింది కోర్టు తీర్పును సమర్ధించింది. ఈ న్యాయపోరాటంలో ఏబీవీపీ కార్యకర్తలు ఎంతో వేదనకు, కష్టాలకు గురయ్యారు.
కేంద్ర హోంశాఖ నివేదిక ప్రకారం.. గత రెండు దశాబ్దాలలో (1998-2018) జార్జిరెడ్డి ఆశయసాధన కోసం పనిచేస్తున్నామని చెప్పుకునే సంస్థలు సాగించిన మారణహోమంలో దాదాపు 12000 మంది ప్రాణాలు కోల్పోయారు. అందులో 8000 మంది సాధారణ పౌరులున్నారు. బీబీసి వార్తా సంస్థ సర్వే ప్రకారం జార్జిరెడ్డి హింసాత్మక సిద్ధాంతానికి బలైన వ్యక్తుల సంఖ్య 6000.
ఇలాంటి నేర చరిత్ర, ద్వేషం, విధ్వంస స్వభావం కలిగిన వ్యక్తులను వీరులుగా, హీరోలుగా కీర్తించే ప్రయత్నాలను సమాజం మేలు కోరుకునేవారు అడ్డుకునే తీరాలి.
- ‘Seven Decades My Journey with an Ideology’ by Prof S.V.Seshagiri Rao.
- Struggle Against Nation Splitters
- BBC report : 1st July 2010
- MHA : 1st Oct 2017
- South Asian Terrorism Portal
- Archive – Jagriti Weekly, 1972
Communist ecosystem notorious for creating fake narratives, has this time taken up a new project in Telangana – to create the legend of a fake hero: George Reddy.
A movie eulogizing him will be released shortly and as a precursor marketing exercise, a series of articles have started appearing in some dailies like Hans India & some social media platforms. Some of the articles have gone as far as presenting him as a messiah.
This piece will attempt to bring to fore that side of his life which is being hidden from people.
Emergence of George Reddy in Osmania University : :
In 1969-70, a small group eulogizing Argentine Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara emerged in Osmania University under George Reddy.
George came from a troubled childhood. His mother was a Christian from Kerala and father belonged to Chittoor district. They separated when George was eight years old.
During his college days , he was inspired by the emerging Naxalite movement in Naxalbari and started reading Marxism. George indoctrinated a handful of students with Che’s ideology and gave them training in using weapon such as knuckle-dusters, blades and knives. They camouflaged their political ideology by associating themselves with NSUI, the student wing of Congress and direct patronage from Congress leaders.. He used to release pamphlets under the name ‘PDS’. This acronym was later used to form the PDSU or the Progressive Democratic Students Union.
George Reddy’s emergence coincided with rise of Naxal Terror:
This development coincided with the armed uprising in distant Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh. That phase of naxal insurgency lasted for four years (1968-72) during which 156 ‘class enemies’ were eliminated by naxals. This innocuous figure was no indicator of the terror let loose by them. A large number of people including women and children were mercilessly thrashed. Hundreds had lost limbs. To frighten the common people and to prevent them from giving evidence in courts, the armed squads exhibited medieval barbarism. They used to chop body into pieces in front of wailing family members after killing an opponent. They used to severe the head of their target and hang it to a bamboo pole in the very courtyard of the victim’s house. In some instances, the chopped heads of the victims were hung to the doors and rafters. A number of opponents were tortured to death before dazed and wailing near and dear ones. They used to dip their hands in the blood of the victims and used their blood as ink to scribble slogans on the walls.
George Reddy : A votary of barbaric violence
George Reddy was also cast in the same mould. In his book ‘Maoism’ Sri Piratla Venkateshwalu , wrote that George used to instigate the new recruits with the slogan
” You are not a true communist, until your hands are not soaked in the blood of the class enemy ”
There were 14 criminal cases against him since 1968. In 1970, he stabbed two students of Law College in the Osmania University campus. Neither Osmania University nor any other educational institution in Andhra Pradesh earlier witnessed such intimidating violence. The violence shook not only the students and academics circles but had reverberations across the state. The University Syndicate rusticated him. However, the Vice-Chancellor had to revoke the rustication within few weeks due to pressure exerted by some fellow-travellers.
It is now being propagated that George Reddy was winning elections in OU. The truth, however, is otherwise. In 1970, the ABVP won large number of Student Unions in Hyderabad and Telangana. George Reddy’s nominee for Osmania University Science College union lost the election. This made him bitter and he decided to take revenge on ABVP and also teach a lesson to the general students.
Terror on OU campus by George Reddy
George Reddy was actively used by the splinter groups within the Congress party which was going through an internal power struggle. The Communists were in strategic alliance with the Congress.
In August 1971, George and his gang used to roam around in Hyderabad in APCC jeep at freewill and struck terror. They abducted ABVP activist Ch. Narasimha Reddy, a PG student, from his hostel room in the Osmania University Campus and thrashed him severely with hockey sticks and rods. This was followed by an attack on Ch.Vidyasagar Rao, President of Law College Union. His jaw was dislocated and had to be hospitalized for several weeks. The group then picked up another ABVP leader Narayan Das from his residence, beat him severely and abandoned him in a remote location assuming he was dead.
This attack was followed by another attack in which N. Indrasena Reddy, Secretary of Hyderabad ABVP unit, Surdas Reddy and other activists received serious head injuries. The then Congress Government preferred to turn blind eye to these heinous criminal acts. George Reddy’s murderous attacks on ABVP activists continued unabated. The count of those injured swelled each passing day.
Death of George Reddy & After:
During the campaign for the Student Union elections of OU Engineering College, scheduled in April 1972, George Reddy raided the Engineering Hostel with his armed goons to terrorize the common students.
George neither belonged to the college nor was he resident there. Whereas the candidate who was contesting against George’s group was a resident of the hostel. What business did George have in raiding the Engineering college hostel if the intentions were not hostile ? George Reddy lost his life in that clash.
The postmortem report which was enclosed with the Charge-sheet discloses very interesting facts which the public didn’t know. A knife and a lethal weapon called knuckle- duster was found concealed in George Reddy’s clothes. Knuckle duster is a specially made weapon shaped like a hand with claws and nails. It is worn on the hands and is used to beat, scratch and claw opponents. It also came to light later that George Reddy used this weapon against his opponents in the past too.
The newspapers came out with banner headlines indicting ABVP and RSS for murdering a NSUI leader. Unfortunately, none of the journalists bothered to check the extremist background of George Reddy. A section in the Congress sensed political opportunity in his death and used its might to exploit the incident and tried to crush ABVP. The cartage of the dead body, led by Congress leader S.Jayapal Reddy, was deliberately halted in front of the State Headquarters of RSS in Hyderabad and inflammatory slogans were raised. Some even tried to jump over the gate.
Former Chief Minister Kasu Brahmanand Reddy, who was also a Christian paid a visit to the family of George Reddy to express his solidarity. Some leaders from the Congress, CPI and CPM submitted a memorandum to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi to take stringent action against the RSS. But the Intelligence Wing of the Police knew what this group was upto.
ABVP activists Charge sheeted, High Court Cleared Them:
The Police charge-sheeted nine people including six ABVP activists. They remained in jail for six months until acquitted by the trial court. On the day of their release, the NSUI took out a procession in the campus shouting objectionable slogans such as: “Not the Courts but we pronounce the judgment and will punish them.” The Government went in appeal to the High Court. But the High Court upheld the lower court’s judgment. The incident and the legal battle put a lot of strain on the ABVP.
End Note :
As per MHA report, the violence unleashed by the forces that George Reddy represented have claimed the lives of over 12000 people in the last two decades ( 1996 to 2018 ) of which close to 8000 are civilians. The BBC put this number at 6000 in its report. It is in the interest of society that such violent and misguided individuals are not eulogized but presented for what they represent, viz hatred, jealousy & violence motivated by narcissism. The cloak that they put on must be unmasked.
- ‘Seven Decades My Journey with an Ideology’ by Prof S.V.Seshagiri Rao.
- Struggle Against Nation Splitters
- BBC report : 1st July 2010
- MHA : 1st Oct 2017
- South Asian Terrorism Portal
- Archive – Jagriti Weekly, 1972