Author Archives: kuldeepjha

Women president in Sangh program

Translation of an excerpt from the book Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar written in Hindi by Dr. Rakesh Sinha. Publications Division 2003 Edition.

Dr. Keshav Baliram Hedgewar – Writer Rakesh Sinha. Page 208

He (Dr. Hedgewar) was an admirer of women’s participation in public life. That is why women leaders were invited for lectures in the Sangh’s shakhas and camps. The Akhil Bharatiya Mahila Parishad supported the Sangh’s vision of social reform. Its President Rajkumari Amrit Kunwar and other members, including the Deputy Speaker of the State Legislative Assembly Anasuya Bai Kale, had come to the Sangh camp in Nagpur on 28 December 1937.

This was not the first incident. Even before this, women leaders and social workers working in public life were invited. Congress leader Kamalabai also gave speech at the Sangh’s sakha in Konkan on 21 November 1938.

Similarly, Parvatibai Chitnavis was the chief guest at the annual festival of the Nagpur branch of the Sangh on 9 December 1934. Ramabai Tambe, a nominated member of the Central Province Legislative Assembly, was an admirer of the Sangh. How keen Dr. Hedgewar was about participation of women in the social, political and cultural fields can be gauged from the fact that he was the source of inspiration for one of the oldest women’s organizations in the country – Rashtra Sevika Samiti. By instilling confidence and courage in the women workers who were inspired by the Sangh, he inspired them to lay the foundation of an independent organization form women. Two women’s organizations- Rashtra Sevika Samiti (Wardha) and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Bhandara) were established in the Central Province in 1935-36. Both the organizations were merged in October 1936. The organization imparts ideological and physical training to women.

A note on radical Islamic outfit PFI

Popular Front of India (PFI) is one of the most dangerous and radical Islamic organizations of our time. It’s activities not only  threatens the communal harmony but also create challenges to the unity and integrity of country.

  1. PFI is notoriously known for targeting, attacking, and killing people using hit lists, therefore innocent people become victims of its fanaticism. The recent killings in Kerala of Advocate Ranjith, Alappuzha and Srinivasan, Palakkad by PFI and its frontal organizations are an example of it.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kochi/ranjith-murder-2-sdpi-men-arrested/articleshow/88552606.cms

https://zeenews.india.com/video/india/sreenivasan-murder-case-police-arrested-pfi-leader-abu-bakr-in-kerala-2512213.html

  • In Kerala PFI and its frontal organizations are involved in many politically and religiously motivated attacks and killings. It targets not only RSS or BJP functionaries, even the workers of CPIM and IUML were targeted by PFI in the past.

Abhimanu,  SFI leader at Maharajas college, Ernakulam was stabbed to death by PFI and  Campus Front workers.  

https://www.onmanorama.com/news/kerala/2018/07/12/sfi-leader-abhimanyu-murder-police-pfi-men.html

  • In 2007, they chopped off the hand of Prof. T J Joseph of Todupuzha Newman College, alleging that he made derogatory remarks on prophet Mohammed.
  • In 2002, eight Hindu fishermen were massacred by NDF, the earlier form of PFI, at Marad Beach , Calicut.
  • Not only in Kerala, PFI is involved in many murders and attacks on Hindus and functionaries of nationalist organizations in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.  The recent killing of a BJP functionary at Mangalore is an example.

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/karnataka-naveen-nettaru-bjp-worker-murder-accused-pfi-member-wife-reveals-1981080-2022-07-28

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/ramalingam-murder-case-nia-chargesheet-pfi-sdpi-activists-1576651-2019-08-03

https://www.firstpost.com/politics/the-hidden-kerala-link-in-the-murders-of-rss-bjp-members-in-karnataka-3095296.html

  • The prominent leaders of PFI like EM Abdul Rahman, E Aboobaker, and P Koya were functionaries of Students Islamic Movement (SIMI), a banned terrorist outfit.

http://newsweek.washingtonpost.com/postglobal/america/2007/07/a_kerala_professor_praises_ter.html

  • When SIMI was banned most of its workers become part organizations like NDF, KFFD, MNP these outfits merged in 2006 and formed PFI.
  • In a 2012, an affidavit filed before high court of Kerala by the state government categorically stated that PFI is another form of SIMI

http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/pfi-is-simi-in-another-form-kerala-govt-tells-hc/979440/

  • On 18 September 2022, PFI organized a mega rally at Calicut Beach in which Afsal Khasmi of All India Imams Council given a call to prepare for martyrdom in the fight against Sangh Parivar. He made this call referring to Quran and Hadis. This was an open call for violence from the PFI stage. Unfortunately, his statement got wide spread support on various social media platforms and circles.

https://www.asianetnews.com/amp/kerala-news/martyr-call-in-popular-front-rally-samasta-said-that-the-statement-is-misleading-to-the-believers-rihzw8

  1. According reports within the organization the PFI leaders says that the organization is working on Islamic tenets like ‘Hisas’ reaction or retribution
  1. PFI members have infiltrated all major political parties in a bid to influence the opinion of organizations they joined

https://www.oneindia.com/india/rise-of-political-islam-in-kerala-and-how-pfi-is-infiltrating-feeder-outfits-of-political-parties-2739483.html

  1. PFI workers have also infiltrated the state police department, recently in Kerala state police department took action against some of such officers for leaking official information to the PFI leaders.

https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2022/feb/24/kerala-cop-dismissed-from-service-for-leaking-information-of-rss-bjp-workers-to-sdpi-2423306.html

https://www.news18.com/news/india/three-kerala-cops-transferred-for-leaking-information-to-extremist-organisations-5605975.html

  1. According to reports, some police officers in Kerala tried to suppress the investigation against PFI, particularly related to arms training
  1. Women ASI of Kerala police posted at Kanjirapally station, Kottayam district shared a post by PFI leader C A Raof, the content of the same is said to be explosive
  1. The PFI leaders from Kerala were behind a plot to create violence in Hathras, UP. According to available information, PFI leaders got funding from unknown sources.  

Siddique Kappan bail: PFI celebrates the release of UAPA-accused journalist; his friend reportedly threatens witnesses of “dire consequences” 

Kappan trying to mislead Supreme Court? Claim that he worked for reputed dailies is false, say journalists

  1. In June 2022, Assam police registered 16 cases against PFI and its student wing CFI for its connection with Bangladeshi terrorist outfit

https://www.aninews.in/news/national/general-news/assam-police-establishes-link-between-pfi-and-bangladesh-based-islamic-terror-group-abt20220604184714/

  1. When Osama Bin Laden was killed by American forces the mouth piece of PFI in Kerala Tejus called him a martyr
  1. There is a tactical understanding between the ultra left organizations like CPI Maoist and PFI, the human rights organization of PFI named NCHRO is a melting pot of these forces.

NCHRO’s support for G N Saibaba and Varavara Rao is well known.

https://swarajyamag.com/insta/islamist-outfit-pfi-joins-hands-with-maoist-linked-groups-to-target-hindutva-government-in-jharkhand

https://www.satp.org/terrorism-update/pfi-join-hands-with-maoist-linked-groups-in-jharkhand

  1. The campaign against UAPA is another glaring example of their joint venture
  • PFI leaders like EM Abdul Rahman and P Koya met leaders of Turkish IHH, an organization with alleged terror links

https://www.republicworld.com/india-news/general-news/pfi-met-with-turkish-al-qaeda-linked-group-ihh-in-october-2018-claims-euro-research-body.html

  • The affinity of PFI with Muslims Brotherhood and its sister organizations are not a secret when former Egyptian ruler and Brotherhood leader Muhammad Mursi passed away, PFI mouth piece called him a martyr. It extends similar respect towards the leaders of Hamas
  • Tejus, the mouth piece of PFI, also celebrated the culprits of 2001 parliament attack as brave
  • In May 2022 Kerala High Court observed that the PFI and its Political front SDPI are extremists organization’s

https://www.indiatoday.in/law/story/sdpi-pfi-extremist-outfits-but-not-banned-kerala-high-court-1949121-2022-05-13

  • In May 2022 in a rally organized PFI and its frontal organizations in Alappuzha, PFI leaders used a child to make threatening slogans against Hindus and Christians. PFI district president Navas Vandanam was arrested in connection with this case.
  • In May 2022, PFI leader Yahya Tangal made derogatory remarks against HC judges. He said that the judges are wearing Saffron under garments.
  • PFI leaders are also involved in money laundering activities. The money generated through such means are used for anti national activities and create disturbance in the society. The ED unearthed many such activities by the leaders of PFI and its sister outfits recently. When ED officials raided the premises of some of such leaders in Kerala the PFI cadres created law and order situation to intimidate the officials.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/ed-searches-reveal-pfis-laundering-via-assets-in-india-uae/articleshow/88231892.cms

https://www.madhyamam.com/kerala/popular-front-state-leader-mk-ashraf-arreseted-in-delhi-979594

  • In 2007 NDF/PFI cadres attacked Kottakkal Police station, Malappuram to release their leaders, foreign made weapons seized from the culprits

https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-kerala/NDF-activists-attack-Kottakkal-police-station-27-arrested/article14737002.ece

  • According to NIA records Shajahan Valavukandi started an Islamic State unit in Kerala with help of PFI workers in Kannur, Kerala
  • Bangalore bomb blast accused K V Jaleel was a PFI activist
  • Abu Tahir, an AL Qaeda operative, was a sociology student of Manchery Green Valley Academy, Malappuram district run by PFI leaders. Further, his study there was free of cost
  • There were reports that T Nazeer, a convict in the Kashmir terrorist recruitment case, was a NDF/PFI activist
  • Many of the ISIS recruits from Kerala had PFI backgrounds

https://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/current-affairs/281017/five-from-kannur-fighting-for-is-killed-in-syria.html

https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2018/may/09/names-of-more-keralites-who-joined-is-in-syria-emerge-in-nia-document-1812107.html

  • PFI organized arms training in Phulwari, Bihar under the guise of Martial arts training camp. The training was given by trainers from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

https://www.firstpost.com/india/phulwari-sharif-case-to-probe-alleged-pfi-terror-module-links-nia-raids-30-locations-in-bihar-11208711.html

  • Anti-CAA propaganda and violence perpetrated across the country was a design of PFI.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/ed-finds-financial-links-between-pfi-and-anti-caa-protests-in-up-sources/articleshow/73662688.cms?from=mdr

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/popular-front-of-india-mobilised-money-to-finance-anti-caa-protests-says-ed-note-to-mha/story-VIkqs81KDHBgattY2s0m1M.html

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/up-police-seeks-ban-on-pfi-for-involvement-in-anti-caa-protests-1632819-2019-12-31

  • As per their vision document, India 2047, PFI wants to establish Islamic rule in India
  • PFI men arrested in Telangana for organizing weapons training
  • On 13 March 2022 in a press statement issued after its state general assembly meeting of PFI they said that they have created plan destroy RSS and like minded organizations, it was an open call for violence.
  • Inter state conspiracy in criminal cases involved by SDPI/ PFI Kerala ADGP

https://www.madhyamam.com/kerala/adgp-vijay-sakhare-said-that-there-was-an-inter-state-conspiracy-in-the-cases-of-sdpi-accused-901501

Hyderabad Liberation Struggle: Clearing the cobwebs of false narrative

K Raka Sudhakar Rao

Almost 75 years after it happened, Hyderabad’s liberation – the story of how the common man triumphed over tyrant Nizam and his Razakar henchmen in a fight of right against the might – is now a mere bleep on the vast radar screen of Indian history. The memories of those who were wronged against have faded. The generations who bore the brunt of tyrannical Nizam have passed into the bottomless pit of history. The literature they produced is now tucked in the dusty and inaccessible labyrinths of rusted racks in ramshackle libraries. Interestingly, several books and autobiographies, mostly written in Telugu, Marathi, Kannada or Hindi by the freedom fighters are out of circulation now.

We have a whole new generation that does not know about what it meant to be a subject of despot Nizam’s Hyderabad state. We now have an amnesiac set of people with no collective memory of the time they were physically, socially, politically, psychologically and intellectually asphyxiated by the rampaging Razakars.

This is a perfect recipe for spreading half-truths and white lies about the story of a bygone era, particularly by forces inimical to the unity of India. The divisive forces that lay low all these years, are now rearing their heads and are spewing venom. They are making a concerted attempt to falsify history and glorify the heinous perpetrators. There is systematic effort aimed at portraying the perpetrators as victims. This is happening unabated as we speak and write about Hyderabad state’s history. The saddest part of the whole story is that the political class, with an eye on vote bank politics, is trying to obfuscate facts and obliterate history. The result is an utter confusion about the story of Hyderabad’s liberation and its subsequent integration with India.

Barely 75 years ago, Razakars, aided by the Nizam, his administration and his police forces, let loose a reign of pillage, loot and plunder on the hapless majority population of Hyderabad. There was a trail of death and destruction. Rape and disrobing of womanhood were the order of the day. Houses going up in flames and marauding razakars descending in drones were daily occurrences. Hindus fled from Hyderabad to neighbouring Maharashtra and Andhra region to save themselves. Had it not been for the Indian Army’s march into Hyderabad state, there would have been a massacre of the Hindus on the lines of the holocaust of the Jewish people.

Pertinently, the Jews were a minority in a vast sea of European Christendom, but the Hindus of Hyderabad state were actually a majority who suffered untold torture at the hands of an armed and ruthless ruling minority. And this was not a sudden and mindless partition-eve communal frenzy of the sorts witnessed on India’s eastern and western borders. This was methodical murder and cold-blooded mayhem performed with clinical precision and careful planning over two decades.

Painting Razakars in secular colours

Yet, attempts are afoot to obscure the tragic saga of Hindu subjugation. Take for instance, Chennai-based journalist Syed Ali Mujtiba’s article “Hyderabad’s fall and Sundarlal Report” published on pro-Left digital platform Counter Currents on September 23, 2013. He said thus in a clear attempt to absolve the Nizam: “Meanwhile, an armed militia called Razakar, sprung up to protect the Hyderabad state. Some say, it had tacit support of the ruler, but apparently, it was the armed wing of a Muslim political party, that had issues with the princely rule.” 1 Expressions such as protection of Hyderabad state tell a tale. He further rights: The members of the militia supposedly held drills in and around Hyderabad and terrorized the non-Muslim population. These incensed the people and New Delhi was seized of the matter. “2

According to the writer, the Razakars ‘supposedly’ held drills, when the fact is that there was a massive arms training and a humongous ‘arms procurement week’ programme ahead of the Operation Polo. In the same writeup, the author, who conveniently used the word ‘non-Muslim population’ used the word ‘Hindu armed gangs’ while describing the above-mentioned anti-Razakar retaliatory violence.

Another author Sheikh Mahmed Ali speaks glowingly about Kasim Rizvi, the chief of the Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM). Eulogising the supposedly heroic qualities of Rizvi, he writes: “When Bahadur Yar Jung appealed to the Muslims for funds, he donated all his properties to Majlis. Bahadur Yar Jung himself gave him the title of ‘Siddiq-e-Deccan’; for this act. By donating whatever he owned, he emulated the first caliph of Islam Hazrath Abu Bakar Siddiq who donated everything for Islam. Many historians described Qasim Razvi as an honest and brave person, but a highly emotional politician.”3

Similarly, MA Aziz, author of ‘Police Action’ tried to portray Kasim Rizvi as a subaltern whose meteoric rise was not to the liking of the Nawabs and Jagirdars. He claims that they have deliberately vilified Rizvi. Rizvi’s associate Mohammed Mazaruddin goes a step further in painting Rizvi as a pro-Hindu secular leader. He writes in his Urdu tome “Police Action Ke Khaufnaak Mahaul Mein” that Rizvi did not have any animosity towards the Hindus. He virtually gives a certificate of good conduct to Rizvi by claiming that he has asked the Razakars not to extort from the Hindus. 4

In his book “Muslim leadership in India,” Sheikh Mohammad Ali vouches of Rizvi’s ‘secular’ credentials. He quotes Rizvi’s address at Goshamahal in Hyderabad on September 13, 1948, the day when Indian Army launched its Operation Polo, to prove his ‘love’ for Hindus. The meeting was held to condole the passing away of Mohammed Ali Jinnah. According to Sheikh Mohammed Ali, Rizvi told the Muslims and the Razakars thus: “You should ensure that you do not harm any non-Muslims of our country (Hyderabad). Remember, our war is against the Indian Union, and not against Hindus. You should not attack women, children or elderly people. Don’t attack the unarmed and helpless enemy. Allah never helps those who do atrocities.” Despite the huge body of evidence available to the contrary, he goes on to argue that the trail of destruction and death that the Razakars unleashed was a mere concoction. 5

Narrative of Muslim victimhood

In addition to beatifying Rizvi and Razakars as paragons of secular virtues, a narrative is sought to be built about a ‘massacre’ of innocent Muslims. What is significant is that there is no mention of this ‘massacre’ in any of the literature that was published immediately after the police action. None of the Congress or even the Communist writers such as Basva Manayya, Vandemataram Ramachandra Rao, VH Desai , Devulapalli Venkateswara Rao, Ravi Narayana Reddy or Puchalapalli Sundaraiah talk about this. Even the MIM did not talk about them.

Suddenly in 2013, BBC correspondent Mike Thompson wrote an article claiming that there was a massacre of Muslims in the aftermath of Operation Polo. He claimed that this massacre was recorded in the Sundarlal Commission Report, which is kept in the Nehru Memorial Museum, Delhi. Soon, the MIM and other ‘secular’ groups picked up cue and began setting a narrative. Dr Omar Khalidi published “Hyderabad – After the fall” and included some paragraphs purportedly from the ‘report. Hyderabad-based Majlis-e-Tameer-e-Millat too published “Sukoot-e-Hyderabad” (fall of Hyderabad) quoting again excerpts from the same ‘report.’ There have since been demands for making the ‘report’ public.

Interestingly, there is no clarity in the number of people massacred. The so-called Sundarlal Committee report claimed that anything between 28000 and 40000 could have been killed. Sherman Tailor’s 2007 book on Hyderabad liberation said that over 50000 were killed. In the same book, she even said over 2 lakh people could have been killed. Journalist Swaminathan Anklesaria Aiyer too claimed that over 2 lakh people died. He did not care to quote his source. Ironically, none of the media organisations have ever talked about either the massacre or about the so-called report. The anti-climax was when the Nehru Memorial Library in a written reply under Right to Information Act categorically told activist-author Capt. Panduranga Reddy that they do not have in their possession the claimed Sundarlal report. So, the whole thing is a classic case of much ado about nothing. 6

The so-called Sundarlal Committee is no committee or a commission of inquiry. There was no gazette notification or any GO announcing the formation of the report. It was a goodwill mission sent by Nehru to assuage the feelings of disempowerment and disentitlement among the Muslim community, which till then believed in the Nizam-Razakar dictum of “Un-al-Malik” (I am the ruler). The mission comprised Congress leader from Uttar Pradesh Pandit Sundarlal and nationalist Muslim leader Qazi Mohammed Abdul Ghaffar. They met the muslims of Marathwada, Bidar and Gulbarga during November-December 1948 and did not visit any part of Telangana. In a letter to both Nehru and deputy prime minister Sardar Patel, they categorically said that they were a mere goodwill mission and their only job was to create communal amity. They wrote:

“We clarified ourselves, whenever opportunity presented itself saying that ours was not a commission of investigation or inquiry into events preceding or following the police action and that ours was merely a goodwill mission charged with the task of restoring better communal relations.” Thus, this is neither committee and there was never any report. Even if it was there, it wasn’t submitted to the government. Even assuming that it was submitted to him, Pandit Nehru never ever felt it necessary to talk about it. 7

The story of victimhood flies in the face of the fact that the MIM was up and ready for the Hyderabad municipal elections by early 1950s. It not only contested, but won handsomely in the old city region. In fact, it is this success at the hustings that laid the path for subsequent firming up of the MIM’s Old City citadel. Today, the MIM can win seven MLA seats and an MP seat in Hyderabad, besides influencing the electoral outcome in more than 15 seats across Telangana. It continues to exercise considerable influence in the Kadapa and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and the former Nizam state areas in Kalyana Karnataka and Marathwada.

Clouding the Hyderabad story

There is a clearly discernible attempt to paint the perpetrator as the victim in the erstwhile Hyderabad state. Regular publication of voluminous books with annotated bibliography and references on Hyderabad’s integration into the Union of India should be seen as part of this narrative building.

For instance, the banned 1962-vintage book ‘Tragedy of Hyderabad,’ written by last prime minister of Hyderabad state Mir Laik Ali, was republished and translated into Telugu by Enugu Narasimha Reddy in 2012. The very next year, AG Noorani’s ‘Destruction of Hyderabad ‘appeared. Migration, Citizenship and Belonging in Hyderabad by TC Sherman too was published. She also wrote ‘Muslim belonging in secular India’ and ‘From Subjects to citizens’ in association with William Gould and Sarah Ansari backing the same narrative. October Coup, a memoir of Mohammed Hyder, the last district collector of Latur, the bastion of Kasim Rizvi, was published in 2017. There is a concerted effort in the academia of Europe, Pakistan and the US to reopen the accession of Hyderabad story all over again. All this is part of the attempt to put forward a counter-history of the events of September 1948.

Relooking Hyderabad liberation history – major challenges

One of the major problems of understanding and appreciating Hyderabad liberation history, the Hindu struggle for emancipation and the untold reign of terror and atrocities perpetrated by the Razakars is that there is a conscious attempt on the party of the rulers that came to power post September 17,1948. The rulers, who looked at the Muslims as a vote bank, saw benefits in obfuscating the dark chapters of Razakar terror. The successive Congress governments did not talk about the Razakars. Arya Samajis who were vocal against the Razakar atrocities, were co-opted into the government. The Communists too stopped talking about the Razakars as it did not suit their overall narrative of haves and have nots.

The situation has come to such a pass that when the archives department published a five-volume history of freedom struggle in Hyderabad in early 1970s, there was not even a passing mention of the Razakars. Ironically, the volumes were published when PV Narasimha Rao was the chief minister and the occasion was the silver jubilee of independence. PV, an anti-Razakar freedom fighter, had in fact fought for the right of the Hindu students to wear Dhoti instead of the Nizam-imposed Sherwani-Pyjamas.

Another major challenge to an integrated approach to Hyderabad state’s liberation history lay in the trifurcation of the erstwhile Hyderabad state. The three Kannada-speaking districts of Raichur, Bidar and Gulbarga were amalgamated into Karnataka and the area was till recently called Hyderabad Karnataka. Marathi speaking districts, including Latur, Osmanabad, Beed and Nanded went to Maharashtra. Thus the historic struggle of Arya Samaj and the Congress in Hyderabad Karnataka remained confined to Karnataka. The historic links of anti-Nizam struggle with Pune and Mumbai based patriotic forces, including the Hindu Maha Sabha and the RSS, too faded in Telangana.

Thus, a truncated version of liberation history began to take shape in three separated regions. Books in Marathi by Anant Bhalerao, Vasant Poddar, BS Dangle, BG Kauthekar, Dharurkar, Lakshmikanth Deshmukh, Khanderao Kulkarni, Sobha Korrane, Yashwant Salgaonkar, Manohar Taksal and others remained unknown in Telangana. Similarly, the books on Hyderabad liberation written by Swami Ramananda Teertha, Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Ravi Narayana Reddy and several others remained inaccessible to the Marathi speakers. Thus, the liberative history of Hyderabad became truncated. Sadly, no attempt was made to bring out a unified history.

Third big challenge was that both in Kannada, Telugu and Marathi, the last books of the people’s version of Hyderabad came way back in early 2000s. Thus, there is no new literature based on substantive research after 2005 in the erstwhile Hyderabad state. On the contrary, the Razakarist versions began appearing from 2012. Thus, there is a crucial information gap about the Razakar atrocities.

Confusion over Telagnana Armed Struggle and Telangana Liberation Struggle

Another major challenge is the questionable narrative peddled by the Leftist school of thought. There were several strands of freedom struggles such as the Hyderabad-state Congress led movement of VH Desai, Swami Ramananda Teertha, the dalams formed by the Congress leaders such as Marri Chenna Reddy and KV Ranga Reddy, the agitational approach of Vandemataram Ramachandra Rao and Jamalapuram Keshava Rao, Arya Samajist fight by Keshav Rao Koratkar, Pandit Narendra Ji, Maharashtriyan-dominated struggle by Vaman Kaik, Mast Kalandar Keskar, Hindu Mahasabha-led struggle of Savarkar and the Communist-led struggle. With the truncation of the Hyderabad state, Telangana strand of struggle was dominated by three major forces – of the Communists, Congressites and Arya Samajists.

The Communists dominated the area encompassing Warangal, Janagam, Nalgonda, Bhongir and Suryapet. Their influence extended to parts of erstwhile Medak and Karimnagar too. They had without doubt waged a relentless battle against the Nizam and Razakars in these regions. But, once the state was liberated, they staunchly opposed the integration of Hyderabad into India and waged an armed struggle. The arms were obtained from the Razakars, whom they fought against till then. They fought against the Government of India and its army till 1951. Though there were dissenting voices like those of Ravi Narayana Reddy, the majority went with the party line. This struggle is known as Telangana Armed Struggle.

The anti-Indian Union struggle is sought to be portrayed as the Telangana liberation struggle by the Communists and there is a great amount of confusion in the Telangana region over this. The complete silence of the Congress leaders post September 1948 has only helped the Communists in building this narrative. The Arya Samaj story is largely in Hindi and as a result, remains largely unknown. The Arya Samaj today has considerably weakened and is a shadow of its former self. So, there is great obfuscation of history in Telangana, especially of the liberation struggle.

Hence, there is a great need for an integrated approach to history representing the various strands of freedom struggle against the Nizam. A united team of researchers needs to take a relook and come up with a comprehensive history of Hyderabad state. Similarly, the story of Razakar atrocities, which has never been recorded, needs to be brought out. Oral histories need to be collected, verified, authenticated, corroborated and brought out in a book form to pass on the story of Hyderabad to the generations to come.

There can be no better time to do this than during the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. It would be timely and much-needed as Hyderabad would be celebrating its diamond jubilee of liberation on September 17, 2023.

References

1) http://www.countercurrents.org/mujtaba290913.htm

2) http://www.countercurrents.org/mujtaba290913.htm

3) http://syed7861.blogspot.in/2012/01/fall-of-hyderabad-and-muslim-massacre.html

4) http://syed7861.blogspot.in/2012/01/fall-of-hyderabad-and-muslim-massacre.html

5) http://syed7861.blogspot.in/2012/01/fall-of-hyderabad-and-muslim-massacre.html

6) 5) http://syed7861.blogspot.in/2012/01/fall-of-hyderabad-and-muslim-massacre.html

7) http://indiafacts.co.in/the-myth-of-hyderabads-hidden-massacre/

8)http://indiafacts.co.in/the-myth-of-hyderabads-hidden-massacre/
Displaying website 1.8.png.

Courtesy: Centre for South Indian Studies (CSIS) 

The most radical thinkers produced by ancient India

The most radical thinkers produced by ancient India. Each opened a new branch of learning or caused paradigm shifts in prevalent thinking of society-or sometimes- the whole species.

Clarity on chronology-even if imperfect-helps you appreciate the evolution of the Indic intellect

“Whence came this creation?
Did he create it, or did he not?
He who surveys in the highest heaven knows.
Or perhaps he may not know….”
            -Parameṣṭhin Prajāpati~2000 BCE                  
Rig Veda 10.129

“There is only one supreme god. He is Ahura Mazdā”
     -Atharvan Zaratuštra~1900 BCE
        (North west frontier province-Rangha/Bactria)
 
The first monotheist
Influenced Judaism
Contributive to Indo-Iranian civil war & permanent schism
Destinies of the last two IE tribes diverged forever

“The self is gradually revealed in creatures. Among animals, man is most endowed with consciousness.
-Mahidasa Aitareya, ~1900 BCE
 
While proto-Iranians chose monotheism, Indo-Aryans chose the path of philosophy.

“We need new philosophies. We need new pramana. We need ahimsa…”
   -Kapila Kardama~1600 BCE
    The beginning of dialectic!
 
First Dualist
First Ahiṃsāvādi
First Empiricist
Influenced every philosophy since..

“Consciousness has no exterior, and no interior..
It consumes nothing, it is consumed by nothing”
       -Yājñavalkya~1500-1400 BCE
 
First Monist
Influenced Parmenides, Platonists and Neoplatonists

“The self is smaller than an atom yet greater than the great..
 
Like the hundredth part of a point of hair divided a hundred times…”
         -Nachiketā and Śvetāśvatara ~1400-1000 BCE
 
The first Atomists

“Even nouns originate from Verbal roots!”
       -Śākaṭāyana~ 800 BCE
 
The first grammarian & etymologist
 
‘Language obeys algorithmic rules’
      -Panini ~500 BCE
 
The father of linguistics
Direct influence on Humboldt, Bloomfield, Saussure, Chomsky etc

“The empirical is the supreme pramana. Even mental phenomena are products of atoms. There is no afterlife or soul. Live happily.”
   -Lokayata~ 600 BCE
 
The first materialists
Influenced Buddhism, Greeks and later Chinese writers

“Of what use is arguing about unknowables? Who are these men to claim authority?”
   -Sañjaya Vairatiputra~550 BCE
 
First sceptic school
Direct influence on Greek Pyrrhonism
 
“Valid inference is by the syllogism of five pillars”
    -Medhatithi & Kanada~600-400BCE
 
The first logicians

“The Eye of Truth: Whatsoever is subject to the condition of origination is subject also to condition of cessation. Nothing escapes this. Not even the Atman of the Vedas”
    -Gautama Buddha~500 BCE
 
The first ‘Existentialist’
The world is still shaking from the aftermath of it..

“I advise: Focus on countryside for agricultural surplus
Allow foreign goods for benefit of citizens
Buffer stocks to control supply
Centralization & standardization
Empire must expand for resources
Give up profit if it harms the public”
                                -Kauṭilya~300 BC
    
First economic thinker

“Every thought is a wave on the mind. Even sleep is a thought wave. Latent tendencies are born of prior thoughts and actions. Subsidence of thought waves is concentration”
                                    -Patañjali, 200 BCE
 
The first ‘psychologist’

“External objects are real in themselves”
    -Sarvāstivādins, 200 BCE
                                 The first realist school
 
 
“No! Objects exist only as inferred from mental impressions!”
      -Vijñānavādins, 100 CE
                                  The first nominalist school

“All objects, all laws are void and without essence. Religious concepts of Karma, dharmas and Buddhas are ultimately, at best, conventional truths.”
                  -Nāgārjuna, 200 CE
 
Founder of Mādhyamaka
Preserved as Zen philosophy of China & Japan

“Sphoṭa is the irreducible wave-essence of sound that helps the mind comprehend speech. Language & thought are inseparable.”
             -Bhartṛhari, 450 CE
 
Sphoṭa Theory of cognition
Direct influence on modern linguistics

“I replace the five pillar syllogism of Nyaya. It must be deductively validated by Thesis, reason, examples of similarity and dissimilarity.”
                  -Dignaga~500 CE
            
Deductively valid canonical Syllogism
Adopted by all logicians-Nyaya, Baudhas and Jainas.

“There are no universals(such as Jati). Our minds cognize objects by a process of exclusion, rather than inclusion.”
       -Dharmakīrti~ 600 CE
 
Apoha theory of cognition
The first philosopher to reject the caste system
Ideas of Madhyamaka standards reappear only in 18th century Europe

“We must ensure happiness for all living brings without appealing to supernatural ideas of Karma”
   -Śāntideva ~700 CE
 
First ‘Utilitarian’
 
“If a thing is truly infinite, can it really have finite parts?”
       -Adi Shankara~700 CE
 
Influenced Schrodinger, Niels Bohr, Heisenberg etc

“I am replacing the old logic based on categories with a new one based on epistemology.”
             -Gangesa, 1350 CE
 
Origin of analytical logic, set theory, ‘reliabilism’ etc.
Influenced the likes of Gottlob Frege,  George Boole,  Augustus De Morgan, Charles Babbage etc.

Twitter Thread by: Joseph T Noony

Communist govts taking over Hindu temples that have greater revenue, says retired SC Justice Indu Malhotra: VIDEO

A video has emerged of retired Supreme Court justice Indu Malhotra alleging that the communist governments in India are taking over Hindu temples eyeing its revenue.

Justice Malhotra who was in state to attend various events, including the platinum jubilee celebrations of the Trivandrum Medical College, was heard making the controversial remark in public.

“They (communist governments) want to take over (temples) just because of the revenue. Their problem is the revenue. All over they have taken over only Hindu temples. So Justice Lalit and I said, no, we will not allow it,” Justice Malhotra is heard in the video that was widely shared on social media.

However, the video was shared with a caption “Non-representative, un-diversified and exclusionary social composition of the SC and HC Judges is at the core of the fault-lines in the Indian Judiciary. Deeply rotten, infested #CastiestCollegium” by a user named UrbenShrink.

Indu Malhotra was referring to 2020 Supreme Court case on the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, the verdict of which was delivered by herself and Justice Lalit, who is the present Chief Justice of India. The retired justice paid a visit to the temple and spent a few hours here.

Courtesy: y Indus Scrolls