Tag Archives: Shivaji

Swami Vivekananda on Shivaji quoting Bhushan kavi

“He was a great king, reflecting true loyalty to India. He gave shape to future generations of Indians. He had a dream of uniting the kingdoms of India into Akhanda Bharat ” –  Swami Vivekananda 

 

Shivaji ChatrapatiAkhand Bharat

Swami Vivekananda on Shivaji 

The below incident between Swami Vivekananda & Dr. M.C. Nanjunda Rao (a famous doctor and disciple of Swami Vivekananda)  puts Shivaji in perspective. Dr.Nanjunda Rao had written this in the 1st & 2nd parts of Vedanta Kesari magazine.

“It was a beautiful moonlit night. Swamiji was seated in the verandah of Bhattacharya’s  bungalow, and was conversing with the secretary of the Maharaja of Khetri, Munshi  Jagmohanlal. Shri Munshi had come to take Swamiji to Khetri. The Maharaja of Khetri had  invited the Swamiji saying that it was only due to his blessing that God had bestowed his  grace upon him and the Maharaja had got a son.

I entered as this conversation was going on. Suddenly Swamiji began to  sing sweetly.  The song was long and in Hindi. The meaning of the last two lines of the song was as follows:

दावा दृमदंड पर, चीता मृगझुन्द पर

Dawa Drumdand par, Cheetah Mrug Jhund par

भूषण वितुण्ड पर, जैसे मृगराज हैं !

Bhooshan Vithund par, Jaise Mrugraaj hai

तेज तमअंस पर, कान्हा जिमि कंस पर

Tej Tam Ams par, Kanha Jimi kams par

त्यों म्लेंच्छ बंस पर शेर शिवराज हैं !

tyon mlechha bans par, Sher Shivraaj hai ! 

‘Like the effect of fire on the trees of the forest,  Like the effect of the panther on a flock of deer, Like the effect of a tiger on a herd of elephants,  Like the effect of sun on the darkness of the night,  Like the effect of Krishna on Kamsa,  Such was the effect of Shivaji on the Mlechcha  (muslm)  gangs.’

I was simply surprised to hear this song from the lips of Swamiji because I had only learnt  that Shivaji was unprincipled, thieving, murderous and lethal.

As soon as I expressed my doubt, Swamiji stopped singing the eulogy to Shivaji and roared at me with anger, ‘Doctor, this is a matter of shame for you. You are a Maratha and yet you do  not have a proper and true picture of the greatest king of India over the last three hundred  years ? Shivaji was like a God or a personified divine incarnation. There were even revelations  predicting his advent before his birth. The sages and saints of Maharashtra were awaiting      his  birth with great eagerness.  A  protector  of  Hindu  Dharma  and  of  those  standing  up  against the Adharma of the Mlechchas, was going to be born.

Foreign historians ignorant of the culture,traditions and conventions, and fixated with  prejudice, did not have the ability to understand Shivaji. What leader, saint, devotee or king  greater than Shivaji was every born ?  A wonderful king like Shivaji can only be seen in poetry. He was a great king, reflecting true loyalty to India.

He gave shape to future generations of Indians. He had a dream of uniting the kingdoms of  India into Akhanda Bharat’.

 

Full text of the poem quoted above is by Mahakavi Bhushan :

इन्द्र जिमि जृम्भा पर बाडव सअंभ पर

रावण सदंभ पर रघुकुल राज है !

पवन बारिबाह पर संभु रतिनाह पर

ज्यों सहसबाह पर राम द्विजराज हैं !

दावा दृमदंड पर

चीता मृगझुन्द पर

भूषण वितुण्ड पर

जैसे मृगराज हैं !

तेज तमअंस पर

कन्ह जिमि कंस पर

त्यों म्लेंच्छ बंस पर

शेर शिवराज हैं

– महाकवि भूषण

 

 

Advertisements

Dalits stand up against ‘anti-Brahmin’ book

Dalits stand up against ‘anti-Brahmin’ book

http://www.punemirror.in/article/2/201106072011060700531413150288ba9/Dalits-stand-up-against-%E2%80%98antiBrahmin%E2%80%99-book.html

Five prominent Dalits have filed a police complaint against
Puroshottam Khedekar’s book, saying it is ‘anti-constitutional and
derogatory to Brahmins’

Devidas Deshpande

June 07, 2011

While Brahmins are still contemplating legal action against
Puroshottam Khedekar’s controversial book, prominent Dalits across the
city who had filed a complaint with the police on May 18, are now
demanding that it should be turned into a first information report
(FIR). However, the police are sitting pretty and have done nothing
about the complaint.

The cover of Khedekar’s controversial book
The controversy surrounding Khedekar’s book Shivrayanchya Badnamichi
Kendre has been going on for a while. Last week, a meeting was
organised by the Akhil Bhartiya Brahmin Mahasangh in the city to
condemn the book.

The speakers included veteran Sanskrit scholar Vasant Gadgil. Govind
Kulkarni, president of the organisation, told Pune Mirror, “This time,
we are asking the governor to act in this regard.

There is no use approaching the government because they are
hand-in-glove with Maratha organisations. At the time of Dadoji
Konddev’s statue removal, Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan had
promised to meet us, but till date, he has done nothing.

Kulkarni added that the community members are also thinking about
approaching the High Court to ban the book, but it depends on the
stand taken by the Governor. A delegation of the organisation will
meet the Governor, present him with a set of Khedekar’s books and ask
him to take action.

“Khedekar has written some 30 books with content against our
community. We ignored them, thinking that this is a lunatic tendency.
However, it is now turning into a Goebbels’ pattern — to turn lies
into truth,” he added.

While Brahmins are yet to take that final decision of filing a
complaint, five Dalits, including academicians and activists,
registered a complaint with then Joint Police Commissioner Ashok
Dhiware against Khedekar, who is president of Maratha Seva Sangh and
his book.

Professor Hari Narke, head of the Mahatma Jotiba Phule chair at the
University of Pune and Sanjay Sonawani, author of 62 books in Marathi,
are among those who signed the application. They are joined by Dalit
activists Madhukar Ramteke, Sham Satpute and Bhupal Patwardhan.

According to them, Khedekar has made certain obscene and malicious
observations in his new book and even exhorted his followers to carry
out systematic riots in the state. The complaint says, ‘Khedekar has
in his book appealed to his organisation members to carry out
systematic riots against Brahmins. This is anti-constitutional.

In the same book,he has written about Brahmin women in the most
derogatory language. All this deserves stringent legal action.’
Surekha Lokhande, leader of the Republican Party of India, even met
Home Minister R R Patil to take action against the book.

The complaint has been gathering dust in the police files. It is yet
to be turned into an FIR which will prompt the police to take action
against the book. A case under section 66 (A) of Information
Technology Act, 2000 was registered by the police immediately.
Meanwhile, Dhiware has been transferred as the Director, Criminal
Investigation Department.

Speaking to Pune Mirror, Sonawani said, “It is strange that the police
is not taking any action. I don’t know what kind of pressure has
forced them to turn a blind eye to the issue.” Narke said, “I raised
this issue on April 1 this year in the presence of Khedekar at a
function in Balgandharv Rangmandir. It has been over three months
since then but the police has done nothing. This inaction surprises
me.”

Meanwhile, the same police department acted swiftly in registering a
case against a Facebook user for allegedly defaming deputy CM Ajit
Pawar on the social networking website.

According to a complaint filed by a Nationalist Congress Party worker,
Arvind Gore, the user, Amit Jadhav, has posted a blackened picture of
Pawar on the social networking site, asking fellow users to post
abuses about him. A lot of obscene comments are being posted.

According to Sangita Alphonso Shinde, inspector, Pune Police Cyber
Cell, the police have asked for user information from Facebook to
trace the culprit.

► Khedekar has, in his book, appealed to his organisation to carry
out systematic riots against Brahmins. This is anti-constitutional. He
has also written about Brahmin women in most derogatory language, the
complaint states.

► It is strange that the police is not taking any action. I don’t
know what kind of pressure has forced them to turn a blind eye to the
issue.

– Sanjay Sonawani, dalit author

Laine-baiter Maratha author pens book to bash Brahmins

http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report_laine-baiter-maratha-author-pens-book-to-bash-brahmins_1546409

Published: Sunday, May 22, 2011, 23:28 IST
By Sudhir Suryawanshi | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA

Five years ago, Maratha Seva Sangh president Purushottam Khedekar
stirred up quite a storm over US research scholar James Laine’s book
on Maratha warrior Shivaji and made the state government ban it.
However, as he planned to expose what he calls the seeds of Shivaji’s
defamation, he seems to have left Laine far behind as he has made some
sweeping and obnoxious comments about Brahmins and their women.

In his book Shivrayanchya Badnamichi Kendre, published last month,
Khedekar has even said that non-Brahmins must take revenge on Brahmins
by fanning caste-based riots. His comments on Brahmin men and women
and their sexual habits have caused a stir in the hornet’s nest and
even liberals have been unable to digest them.

MD Ramteke, an Ambedkarite, has written a blog condemning Khedekar’s
malicious writing. “We should keep a distance from Khedekar and his
movement against Brahmins. Dr Babasaheb never stooped to this level.
If we continue to associate with him, it will malign our image. The
government should ban the book and the organisation,” he stated in his
blog.

In his comment, Dr Hari Narake, a Phule-Ambedkar historian, said:
“This is abusive language, not used by intellectuals. This will only
help the opponents of our cause.”

Khedekar, however, does not regret his remarks and language. “What I
have written is the truth. I need not produce any proof or evidence to
anyone. If people have any doubts, they should first raise objections
to traditional books like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, in which
false information has been inserted. Why don’t you ask for proofs from
them? Even the Sanatan Prabhat indulges in false writing,” he said.

The state government, led mostly by Maratha politicians, has so far
been silent on Khedekar. It was the organisation led by Khedekar’s son
that was behind the vandalising of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research
Institute in Pune six years ago. They have also been instrumental in
removing the statue of Dadoji Konddeofrom Lal Mahal in Pune.

Shivaji – Rashtriya Yugavataar

Shivaji Chatrapati

The famous historian, Jadunath Sarkar thus described Sivaji’s work and his impact. Jehangir had cut the famous undestroyable banyan tree at Prayag and poured boiling lead on it roots with the intention to completely destroy it. He declared that I have destroyed the tree. However, within one year, the tree once again started growing. Shivaji’s life was an example of the capability of the great Hindu culture to break through the tyranny of the continuous attacks on itself. He once again rejuvenated the Hindu race to believe in itself.

The great poet Bhushan said, Kashiji Ki Kala Jaati, Mathura Masjid Hoti, Agar Sivaji na hote to, Sunnat Hoti Sabki. If Shivaji was not alive, no Hindu would have existed and everyone would have been forcibly circumcised ( meaning converted to Islam).

His Birth :

Shivaji was born on Phalguna Krishna Tritiya of the Saka year 1551 (19th February 1627) in the fort Shivneri in Pune district.

Jija mata

His mother Jijabai breathed the fire of Independence and Dharma Raksha in him by relating stories from Ramayana and Mahabharata. His father,Shahji Bhonsale worked with Bijapur Sultan which caused pain to Jijabai. Differing with him on his working with the Bijapur Sultans, she preferred to stay in Pune while he worked in Bangalore. Shivaji grew under the tutelage of Dadaji Kondadev who taught him various aspects of Raja Dharma and Shastras.

The Pledge : He made friends with the Mawalis, who lived in the nearby jungles and instilled the fire of Swarajya in their hearts too. At the tender age of 13, he along with the Mawalis took the pledge to work for Hindavi Swaraj in the Shiva temple at Rohideswar. They called their Guru, Dadaji Kondadev for the ceremony. Many centuries ago, Shri Ram had also taken a pledge at the same age to free the world from Rakshashas. Shivaji made his first Rajamudrika ( official emblem) at the age of 13 and that too in Samskrit  Pratipashchandralekheva Vardhishnurvishwavandita, shaahsunoshivsyaish mudra bhadraya Raajate. (Sivaji’s emblem will provide light like the moon of the shukla paksha)

The first war Victory & Diplomatic victory: At the age of 16, he won his first fort, theTorana. The victory was the precursor of many more victories to come. However, seeing his growing influence, the Bijapur sultan, Adil Shah arrested his father and put him in jail. Shivaji implemented his lessons on diplomacy by writing to the Delhi Sultanate, Shah Jahan saying that he and his father would have liked to work with him, but the Bijapur sultan was putting spokes in this endeavour. The Bijapur sultan came to know of this intention and suddenly changed track and released Shahji with honour saying that it was a mistake to do what he did. Thus Shivaji won his first diplomatic victory by pitting enemy against the enemy. Adil Shah died in 1656. His last words were that his dream of making the entire Karnataka Islamic was brought to nought by Shivaji and that his followers should fulfill his dream.

In 1658, Shah Jahan died and Aurangzeb, who was the Subedar in Deccan went back. In true Islamic tradition, the war between brothers started and Aurangzeb killed his brothers and occupied the throne. In the meantime, Shivaji got ample time to regain lost forts like Kondana and won as many as 40 forts increasing his strength. Purandargarh and Prachand Durg also came under his control.

Establishment of Naval Fleet :

Shivaji was one of the first rulers to recognize the growing strength of the Europeans and anticipated attacks from the sea. He therefore established a naval fleet of ships and trained a navy. Vijaydurg, Suvarnadurg, Kalyan were some of the forts which were established near the sea to protect the sea coast.

During the same time many auspicious things happened, the invincible Pratapgarh fort was constructed, a shivalinga was discovered during the construction, he was blessed with a son Sambhaji and his lifelong companion, the Bhavani sword came to occupy his armour.

Tulja Bhavani avenged – Afzal Khan killed:

In order to avenge the death of Adil Shah, Afzal Khan set about to kill Shivaji with an army of 12000 cavalry, 10000 lashkars, 1200 camels. Afzal Khan had earlier insulted Shahji by handcuffing him and making him walk on the streets of Bijapur. He had also killed Shivaji’s cousin Shambaji ( Shivaji’s son was also called Shambaji). He went to Tulja Bhavani temple ( Shivaji’s family diety) and destroyed the idol. He killed a cow in the garba grihaand then went about attacking the common people and destroyed villages. He also destroyed Pandarpur & Sholapur This went on for a few weeks. The people were surprised that Shivaji was not acting. However, he was only assessing his strength and biding his time. He reached Pratapgarh. Shivaji wrote a letter to Afzal Khan seeking apology for taking over the forts and causing trouble to Bijapur. Afzal was overjoyed. A meeting was fixed at a place near the Pratapgarh fort. Afzal Khan was prepared with his dagger and Shivaji with his tiger nails. Shivaji struck first and tore open Afzal’s stomach. Bhavani was avenged.

Shaista Khan who was also involved in a number of atrocities and who had occupied the Lal Mahal in Pune was also attacked in an act of daring. Shaista Khan lost his fingers and escaped.

Mirza Raja Jai Singh Attacks – Shivaji imprisoned

The tragedy of the war against the Mughals and Bijapur Sultanate was that there were more Hindu rulers esp the Rajputs who had sworn allegiance to the Delhi throne. This was something similar to what Bheeshma did with Duryodhana because he had sworn allegiance to the Kuru family.

Mirza Raja Jai Singh was a great warrior. Unfortunately, he worked for Aurangzeb. He launched a war against Shivaji. Before embarking on the war he performed Koti Chandi Homam and Koti Ekadasha Rudrabhishek The irony is that he was performing the puja to defeat the person who was working for Hindu Dharma and Jai Singh himself was working for Aurangzeb, who was a budshikan ( a person who destroys idols). What a tragedy !

Shivaji wrote to Jai Singh asking him to relook at his allegiance and indicated that if Jai Singhwas willing to fight against Aurangzeb, he would willing work under his ruler. The objective of Shivaji was not to establish his own rule but to ensure that Hindu Dharma survives and flourishes. Jai Singh did not heed and due to the huge army that he owned defeated Shivaji. The compromise that he worked with Shivaji was seen with suspicion by Aurangazeb and therefore it was decided that Shivaji would need to go to Delhi. His son, Shambaji accompanied him. Jai Singh took the personal guarantee of their safety. However, Aurangzeb imprisoned them.

The Great Escape: Shivaji escaped from Delhi along with Shambaji in boxes. He moved in disguise and successfully reached Rajgarh. Aurangzeb smelt rat and felt that it was Jai Singh who had helped them to escape. His son Keerthi Singh was won over over by Aurganzeb and he poisoned Jai Singh. This was the gift that Aurganzeb gave Jai Singh for winning over Shivaji.

Consolidation:

Aurangzeb increased his attacks on the Hindus. The Kashi temple was destroyed, Mathura temple was destroyed and the murthy of Keshavdev was used as the steps in themasjid in Agra.

After his great escape, Shivaji consolidated his position in the Deccan. He once again regained many of his lost forts He also punished the Portuguese missionaries in Goa who were involved in converting and killing Hindus.

Shivaji and his Team of Bravehearts

The hallmark of a great leader is to have people who are equals and yet work together for the sake of the common goal. Shivaji had the uncanny ability to inspire such great jewels.

Baji Prabhu Deshpande fought for 21 hours to save Shivaji during his escape from Panhalagarh to Vishalgarh when it was attacked by Siddhi Johar aided by the British.

Tanaji Malsure postponed not only his son’s marriage on a call from Shivaji but also gave up his life during the fight to win Kondana, alter called Simhagarh after Tanaji Malsure. Moropant Pingale, Eshaji Kank, Prataprao Gurjar, Sardar Anandrao, Nimbalkar and many more jewels gave up their entire lives for the sake of of Swaraj.

He gave support to Chatrasal of Bundelkhand. Chatrasal had lost his father Champatrai in a war against Aurangzeb and was looking for guidance. Shivaji provided the must needed support and urged him to continue the war for Dharma.

Samarth Ramdas and Tukaram – The Spiritual Gurus

SamarthaTukaram
Samarth Ramdas was instrumental in inspiring many youth to join the cause of Swaraj. He toured vast parts of the country going to village after village and establishing the tradition of Hanuman puja, gymnasiums and schools. Many of these youngsters became part of Shivaji’s army of dedicated soldiers. He guided Shivaji on many occasions and Shivaji reciprocated. On the occasion of Guru Purnima, Shivaji offered his entire kingdom to him and Ramdas gave it back saying that Shivaji would be a trustee of Dharma. This was in the true spirit of RajaDharma.

Shivaji was also inspired by the abangs( songs) of Tukaram. On one occasion when he wanted to take up sanyasa, it was Tukaram who spurred him on saying that his work is unfinished.

Chattrapati -The Coronation

Shivaji Maharaj-coronation

On Jyeshta Shudha Trayodashi 1674 ( 6th June ) , Shivaji was coronated as Chattrapati – “Hindu Pad-Padashahi”. His coronation was presided by the famous priest of Kashi, Pandit Gaga Bhat at Raigarh fort. The dream of his mother was fulfilled. After more than 150 years, the glimpses of the glory of a Hindu Samrajya on the lines of Vijayanagar Samrajya could be seen once again.

Ghar Vapasi ( Reconversion) of Netaji Palkar :

Netaji Palkar had joined Aurangzeb in anger having been reprimanded by Shivaji for a mistake. He converted to Islam and became Quli Khan. He was sent to the fronts at Afghanistan and after 6 years was sent back to Deccan to fight Shivaji. Shivaji not only won over Netaji Palkar once again, also re-converted him back to Hinduism. Such was his ability to win over lost friends and make new friends. It was also a great move to give a signal that once converted does not mean forever converted and that people could reconvert back to Hindu Dharma.

The victories in Deccan:

Shivaji continued his victory streak all over Karnataka. He was supported by Akkana and Maddanna, the ministers in Quli Qutub Shah’s court of Bhagyanagar (now Hyderabad). Abdul Qutubshah welcomed him in Hyderabad and received Shivaji with a grand welcome.

His Niryana & The Inspiration

Shivaji was ably supported by his children Shambaji and Rajaram and he divided the kingdom between them. In 1680, at the age of 50, he fell ill due to continuous work. On the day of Hanuman Jayanti ( Chaitra Paurnima) viz April 3rd, 1680, he knew that his end was near. He had his bath, applied Bhasma ( sacred ash ) and sat down in Dhyana. The brahmanas started reciting Bhagvad Gita and Sahasranama and he gave up his life in that state of dhyana ( meditation ).

The greatness of Shivaji can be assessed by his impact on future generations right from Peshwas who fought the Mughals, to the freedom fighters who fought the British and even today an inspiration to the people who work to protect the Hindu culture from the assaults on it. Not only in Bharat, Shivaji has remained a source of inspiration to the Vietnamese who were attacked by America in the 70′s . The Vietnamese resisted with a guerrilla war and ultimately forced the withdrawal of the American forces.

Jai Bhavani, Jai Shiva Raje !

Hindu Dharma Pratishtaya, Sidhakhadgah Sada Vayam ( Our swords will always be ready to protect Hindu Dharma)