Author Archives: arisebharat

Padma Awards for Environment Conservation

2020 Padma Awards for Environment Conservation

Tulasi Gowda

72, has planted thousands of plants in the past 60 years and has contributed substantially to environmental conservation. Despite being illiterate, she possessed information about plants and herbs. She first joined the Forest Department as a volunteer, then the Karnataka government offered her a regular job. She is also called the ‘Encyclopedia of Forests’.

Himmat Ram Bhambhu

Sri Himmat Ram Bhambhu hails from Rajasthan. He is a farmer by profession. He planted saplings in desert areas and inspired people of several districts in Rajasthan to save forests. He feeds more than 1,000 birds and animals daily.

Sundaram Verma

Sundaram Verma is from Rajasthan’s Sikar district. He worked on a technique of agriculture which requires very little water. Despite being selected for a government job, he rejected it and chose agriculture. Verma preserved more than 700 species of 15 crops and 20 lakh litre rainwater in 1 hectare area.

Kushal Konwar Sarma

Guwahati’s Kushal Konwar Sarma is a veterinary doctor by profession. He has dedicated his entire life to the conservation of elephants. He is also known as ‘Haathi ka Saathi’ (Friend of Elephants). Each year, Sarma treats more than 700 elephants and in the past three decades, he has not taken a single day off.

 

2019 Padma Awards 

The 2019 Padma Awards have a number of recipients who have given yeomen contributions to the Environment . Mentioned below are some of the recipients of Padma Shri Award 2019 who have been awarded for their work related to environment protection, biodiversity conservation and green innovation.


Saalumarada Thimmakka

Centenarian Saalumarada Thimmakka, born in Hulikal village, Karnataka was presented with the Padma Shri award in the Social Work – Environment category. The 106-year-old Saalumarada never had children, and thus along with her husband, she decided to become a mother to the trees. She has planted more than 8,000 trees including over 400 banyan trees, all from her own expenditure.

Saalumarada in Kannada refers to rows of trees. To bestow respect towards her tremendous effort, Thimmakka was given the title of Saalumarada. She is largely recognized as Vrushka Mathe. She also has a foundation in her name, called Saalumarada Thimmakka International Foundation. It works towards conserving the environment and in addition supports schools, education, and health care for the poor.

Jamuna Tudu

Jamuna Tudu is a tribal environmentalist from East Singhbhum of Jharkhand. Jamuna is nicknamed Lady Tarzan for her courage and ferocity. She is fighting against the timber mafia to protect forests. Jamuna Tudu has played a great role in mobilizing women.

Armed with sticks, bows, and arrows, the women patrol the forests to protect the trees and animals from mafias. She has also formed the Van Suraksha Samiti to tackle the timber mafia.

Venkateswara Rao Yadlapalli

The founder of Raithu Nestham, Venkateswara Rao Yadlapalli is an agriculture journalist and social activist. He has been conferred the award for his contribution to organic farming in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

His organization in Guntur District has become a large training institute which organizes awareness and orientation classes to promote organic farming.

Hukumchand Patidar

Hukumchand Patidar, a resident of Manpura, a small village in the south-east of Rajasthan has trained local farmers in various organic farming techniques. He has made a mark by promoting organic farming and exporting organic farm produce to countries like Germany, Japan, and Switerzland. Kanwal Singh Chauhan introduced and popularised profitable baby corn farming in India.

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) also named him as the recipient for NG Ranga Farmer Award for diversification in agriculture in 2010.

Bharat Bhushan Tyagi

Bharat Bhushan Tyagi comes from Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh. He has been producing yields without the use of chemical fertilizers which subsequently reduces the cost. He actively promotes and practices organic agricultural techniques.

Kamala Pujhari

Kamala Pujhari is a woman tribal agricultural activist from Koraput, Odisha. She has been conferred the prize for her work in preserving hundreds of indigenous paddies, preserving endangered seeds and promoting organic farming.

Babulal Dahiya

Babulal Dahiya, a farmer of Satna, is working to conserve indigenous seeds and promoting conservation of biodiversity in Satpura hills.

Narendra Singh

Narendra Singh and Sultan Singh have been honoured under the Others category for their contribution to animal husbandry. Narendra Singh is recognized for his work to preserve local and native biodiversity, notably Haryana’s Murrah buffalo and Sahiwal cattle breeds.

Sultan Singh

Karnal’s Sultan Singh, the first person to receive the honour in fish farming, has used innovative technology such as re-circulatory aquaculture technology to set-up fish farms. He has further helped in conservation of endangered varieties of fish.

Ramesh Babaji Maharaj

Founder of Mataji Gaushala, Shri Ramesh Babaji Maharaj from Uttar Pradesh has been conferred the award for his contribution towards taking care of 45,000 cows and establishing India’s largest Bio-gas plant.

Dr. Bimal Patel

Another recipient of the Padma Shri is Dr. Bimal Patel under the category Others – Architecture. Dr. Bimal is an architect, urban planner and an academician from Gujarat. He has worked on the Sabarmati Riverfront Development and post-earthquake redevelopment of Bhuj.

Mahesh Sharma

Founder of Shivganga Ashram in MP’s Jhabua, Mahesh Sharma has been conferred the Padma Shri award for the social work in the tribal welfare category. Known as Gandhi of Jhabua, he has worked for setting up thousands of water harvesting structures, libraries, and solar panels.

Daitari Naik

Daitari Naik from Odisha received the award in the social work category, recognizing his hard work in carving out a 3 km long canal from a mountain. He single-handedly accomplished the task with just a how and crowbar to get water for drinking and irrigation purpose.

Anup Sah

Anup Sah is a nature photographer from the Himalayan state, Uttarakhand. Over the past 50 years, he has captured thousands of photos to showcase the Himalayan landscape and wildlife. He believes that the Himalayas are humble and they provide us with a lot of natural resources. He takes photographs of festivals of the Himalayan people, migratory birds, animal, etc.

 

 


When such noted works would further get the veneration of mention in a special category, it will not only boost the morale of the ones who receive them but more so, of the present and future generations to work for the conservation, protection, and improvement of the human environment, flora and fauna. Inclusion of Environment as a domain to one of the highest civilian awards of India would, hence, definitely be a path-breaking and trailblazing step in thedirection of environment preservation and protection.

The Padma Awards, one of the highest civilian awards of India. The awards are usually announced on the eve of Republic Day every year. The Padma Awards are conferred in three categories. These are, the Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

The Padma Awards are given in various disciplines such as art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc. In recent years however, there has been an increase in individuals receiving the Padma Awards for the exemplary work they are doing for environmental protection. This is perhaps an indication of the ever-increasing environmental issues, rising pollution levels, increase in industrial impact on environment, climate change, etc.

Sources :

  • Delhigreens
  • gonews

Government Notifies Domicile Rules for J&K

The Government notified Jammu and Kashmir Grant of Domicile Certificate (Procedure) Rules, 2020. These Rules prescribe the procedure for issuance of Domicile Certificate which has been made the basic eligibility condition for appointment to any post under the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir following amendments in the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralization and Recruitment) Act, 2010.

Under the Domicile Rules all those persons and their children who have resided for 15 years in Jammu and Kashmir or have studied for seven years and appeared in class 10th or 12th examination in an educational institution in the UT are eligible for grant of domicile. 

Children of Central Government officials, All India service Officers, officials of PSUs and Autonomous body of Central Government, Public Sector Banks, Officials of Statutory bodies, Officials of Central Universities and recognized research institutes of the Central Government, who have served in the Union territory of Jammu of Kashmir for a total period of ten years will also be eligible for Domicile status in the UT.

Besides, all those migrants and their children who are registered with Relief and Rehabilitation Commissioner will be granted Domicile certificate.

Children of those residents of Jammu and Kashmir who reside outside the Union territory in connection with their employment of business or other professional or vocational reasons have also become eligible for grant of domicile status.

The rules provide a simple and time bound procedure for the issuance of the Domicile certificate so that no one is put to any inconvenience.

There shall be a timeline of 15 days for issuance of the certificate after which the applicant shall be free to approach an Appellate Authority.

The decision of the Appellate Authority shall be binding upon the issuing authority and the orders of the Appellate Authority are to be complied within seven days, failing which the defaulting officer shall be liable for a penalty of Rs 50,000 out of his salary. 

 

The appellate Authorities will also have revisional powers. They can, either suo moto or on through an application made, call for records, check the legality of any proceedings and pass appropriate orders in reference.

 

The rules have a provision that applications for grant of Domicile Certificate can be submitted either physically or electronically online. The Competent Authority can also issue domicile certificate(s) electronically.

              Requirement of Documents for granting Domicile of UT

Permanent Residents of the erstwhile State of J&K in whose favour Permanent Resident Certificate (PRC) has been issued by the competent authority before 31.10.2019 shall be eligible for receiving their Domicile Certificates on the basis of PRCs alone and no other additional document shall be required for such residents.

Kashmiri migrants can get the Domicile certificate on production of either a PRC or Certificate of registration of migrant. 

Further there may be bonafide migrants and bonafide displaced persons who have migrated but have not registered with the relief department. In order to facilitate such persons, the Relief Department shall be making a special limited provision to apply before the Relief & Rehabilitation Commissioner (Migrant), for registration for the purpose of issuance of a domicile  certificate only, with any one of the many documents such as

1)1951/1988 electoral roll,

2) proof of employment,

3) ownership of property,

4)proof of registration in other states/UTs as a migrant or a displaced person or any other documentation which would have made him/her eligible for grant of PRC before 06-08-2019.

 

As a result of the new rules and procedure,

  1. a) West Pakistan Refugees (WPRs), Safai Karamcharis living in state for 64 years but not permanent residents, Children’s and spouses of women married outside the state but lives in the state , Gurkha’s living in state for more then 150 years are eligible for Domicile Certificate.

West Pakistani Refugees were part of the Parliamentary electoral roll but not that erstwhile state electoral roll. They will now be covered under the 15 year residence rule or their children under the 7 year/ class 10/12 rule.

 

  1. b)  Similarly a simple procedure has been defined in the rules for other categories of people who are eligible for grant of Domicile Certificate as per Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralization and Recruitment) Act. These include persons who have resided for a period of fifteen years in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir or have studied for a period of seven years and appeared in class 10th / 12th examination in an educational institution located in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir or children of such persons. These also include children of Central Government Official, All India Service Officers, Officials of Public Sector Undertaking and Autonomous body of Central Government, Public Sector Banks, Officials of Statutory bodies, Officials of Central Universities and recognized research institutes of the Central Government who have served in the Union territory of Jammu of Kashmir for a total period of ten years.

simple and easily available set of documents such as Ration Card, Immovable Property record, verified Education certificates, Electricity Bills or verified Labour Card/Employer Certificate, have been prescribed for obtaining the Domicile Certificate.

 

The Government has also constituted a Committee to accelerate recruitment to government vacancies and to ensure transparency, inclusiveness and speed and that the committee has been asked to identify the vacancies for being filled up on immediate basis with priority to Class IV vacancies. The Committee will also ensure that necessary sanctions are obtained, rules are notified and any hitches in the recruitment process are removed.

 

The process of issuing domiciles is simple transparent and fast and is explained below:-

 

  1. Permanent Resident Certificate Holder:Permanent Resident Certificate

 

  1. B) Children of persons possessing Permanent Resident Certificate:Permanent Resident Certificate of the parent; and Birth certificate issued by Competent Authority

 

  1. A person who has resided for a period of fifteen years in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir:Any document such as Ration Card: immovable property records: educational records: voter list: electricity utility bills: labour card; or, employer certificate verified by the Deputy Labour Commissioner or the Director Industries & Commerce of the Concerned Division; or, any other document of proof of residence and birth certificate issued by the competent Authority

Children of a person who has resided for a period of fifteen years in the Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir :

 

3) Students who have studied in the state for seven years and appeared in class 10th/12th examinations in educational institutions of Jammu-Kashmir UT:- Certificate of education issued by the Head of the Institute and verified by Chief Education Officer of the School Education Department of the concerned District

 

4) Migrants/ Children of Migrants Certificate of registration of migrant; Or Permanent Resident Certificate, if available and Birth Certificate

 

5) Children of Central Government officials, All India Service Officers, Officials of Public Sector Undertakings, Autonomous Body of Central Government, Public Sector Banks, Officials of Statutory bodies, Officials of Central Universities and recognised Research institutes of Central Government who shall have served in Jammu and Kashmir for a total period of ten years Certificate of service issued by General Administration Department/Cadre Controlling Authority and Birth Certificate issued by the Competent Authority

 

6) West Pakistan Refugees: They were hitherto not allowed the benefit of government jobs. They were part of the Parliamentary electoral roll but not that erstwhile state electoral roll. They will now be covered under the 15 year residence rule or their children under the 7 year/ class 10/12 rule.

7) Safai Karamcharies they too were not allowed the benefit of governmentt jobs. They will now become eligible under the 15 year residence rule or their children under the 7 year/ class 10/12 rule.

8) Women (erstwhile) resident married to non residents were also not eligible so far: They will also become eligible under the PRC/ children/residency rule.

9) All other migrant and displaced persons not covered so far will also be covered under the new rules/migrant order.

10) Gurkhas living in state serving in state forces at Maharaja’s times since 1840 but were denied status of Permanent residents.

 

The Three Kinds of Swadeshi

  • An Excerpt from Swadeshi and Boycott by Sri Aurobindo

” Now the meaning of Swadeshi and boycott, as we Nationalists understand them, is wider and larger than Swadeshi and boycott as defined by others, owing to the commercial and industrial circumstances of the country. There are three kinds of Swadeshi.  When Swadeshi was first started in Bengal, Lord Minto said at the Commercial Exhibition in Calcutta that he approved of Swadeshi. Our Swadeshi, according to Lord Minto, is the determination to encourage Indian manufacture and the use of Indian goods when they are as good as English manufactures and can be got at a cheaper price.  That is the economic principle preached by English economists. Lord Minto says that if Swadeshi excludes the goods of other countries it ceases to be an honest attempt for the industry of this country.

There is another kind of Swadeshi which is more developed. We shall encourage Indian labour, Indian manufacture, Indian articles, preferring our own goods by giving them a little stimulus. This idea of Swadeshi brings in the principle of preference and protection.

The third kind of Swadeshi adopts the principle of using our own Indian manufactures, our own Indian goods, and not using foreign articles if Indian articles can be had.”

Swadeshi and Decentralisation – Pt Deendayal Upadhyay

The concept of “Swadeshi” is ridiculed as old-fashioned and reactionary. We proudly use foreign aid in everything, from thinking, management, capital, methods of production, technology, etc. to even the standards and forms of consumption. This is not the road to progress and development. We shall forget our individuality and become virtual slaves once again. The positive content of “Swadeshi” should be used as the cornerstone Of reconstruction of our economy.

With the focus once again now on #Swadeshi & #Atmanirbharata, it is a good time to read what Pt. Deendayal Upadhyay wrote on this subject. Here is an excerpt from his  “Aspects of Economics”.

SWADESHI AND DECENTRALISATION

“SWADESHI” and “Decentralisation” are the two words which can briefly summarize the economic policy suitable for the present circumstances. Centralization and monopolization have been the order of the day for all these years, knowingly or unknowingly. The planners have become prisoners of a belief that only large-scale centralized industry is economic and hence without worrying about its ill-effects, or knowingly but helplessly they have continued in that direction. The same has been the case with “Swadeshi” The concept of “Swadeshi” is ridiculed as old-fashioned and reactionary. We proudly use foreign aid in everything, from thinking, management, capital, methods of production, technology, etc. to even the standards and forms of consumption. This is not the road to progress and development. We shall forget our individuality and become virtual slaves once again. The positive content of “Swadeshi” should be used as the cornerstone Of reconstruction of our economy.

DEPENDENCE ON WESTERN ECONOMICS

NOT only because of different ideals of life but also because of different conditions in terms of time and place the way of our economic development will have to be different from that of the West. But we are tied to Marshall and Marx. We believe that the economic principles they have discussed are eternal. Even those Who realise that they are dependent upon certain systems are not able to step out of their orbits. The economic prosperity of the West has created a blind belief in us about the Western system of production. Western economists have produced so much critical literature that we easily feel overwhelmed by it. We cannot rise above it. It is possible that this science of economics may have some principles that do not depend upon time, place or system and can prove useful to all, but very few have the capacity to assess this quality. Our education cannot create people with such a capacity. Our economists may be experts in Western economics, but they have not been able to make any solid contribution to it because the Indian economy can neither provide them the necessary thought nor the necessary field for experimentation.

NO RIGHT ETERNAL

NO fundamental rights, whether related to property or other things, are eternal. They are all dependent upon the interest of society. In fact these rights are given to the individual in order that he may perform his social duties. A soldier is given weapons because his duty is to protect society. If he does not do his duty he loses the right to bear weapons. Similarly the right to property is given to an individual so that he could do his duty by society. For this purpose it becomes necessary to define and modify these rights from time to time. No right to property is absolute of society.

RIGHT OF OWNERSHIP

THE right of ownership is actually the right to use a particular thing within definite limits and for a definite purpose. These rights keep changing with the times. Hence as a matter of principle we may not get entangled in the quarrel between the individual’s rights and the right of society. For us the State is not the only form of society. We believe that the individual, the family, the community, the State are all different forms in which society expresses and fulfils itself. The joint family is the practical unit in this country in which we seek to preserve the social sense in the individual, in which every individual has the right to earn, but the right of ownership vests in the family. Wealth is used for the benefit of the family. It is this Indian principle of Trusteeship that has been propounded by Gandhiji, Guruji and other thinkers.

OWNERSHIP RIGHT FOR WORKERS

IT is a matter of surprise that today a share-holder in joint stock companies, who has no other connection with the company except a share in its profit, should be able to exercise ownership rights while the worker who works in an industry, sets its machines into motion and depends upon it for his livelihood should experience a feeling of being a stranger to it. This feeling is not proper. It is therefore necessary that along with the share-holder the worker should be given ownership rights and a share in its management and profit.

RIGHT TO FOOD

THE slogan commonly heard now-a-days is “one must earn his bread”. Normally communists use this slogan, but even the capitalists are not fundamentally in disagreement with it. If there is any diflerence between them, it is only as regards who earns and how much. The capitalists consider capital and enterprise as important factors of production and if they take a major share of profit, it is because they think it is their due. On the other hand, communists believe only labour to be the main factor in production. Therefore they concede a major share of production to the labourers. Neither of these ideas is correct. Strictly speaking, our slogan should be that he who earns will feed and every person will have enough to eat. The right to food is a birthright. The ability to earn is a result of education and training. In a society even those who do not earn must have food. The children and the old, the diseased and the invalids, all must be cared for by society. Every society generally fulfils this responsibility. The social and cultural pro- guess of mankind lies in the readiness to fulfil this responsibility.

FOOD VERSUS FREEDOM

WHILE imports may help us tide over our present difficulties, the real solution to the problem lies in maximising agricultural production in the country. That we have not done sufficiently in this direction needs no saying. The present agreement is an eloquent testimony to the Government’s failure on this front. With the passage of time we have become increasingly dependent on foreign sources. We fear that due to availability of food in plenty at present the Government may become complacent in their efforts to raise production locally. The US Ambassador feels that America is following this policy only to let the struggling people of the democratic world realise that “there can be both freedom and food”. But what we want is our freedom and our food. That is possible only if we revive our old slogan of “Freedom from foreign food”. Dependence on foreign sources will impoverish and entangle us.

ECONOMIC DEMOCRACY

IF a vote for everyone is the touch-stone of political democracy, work for everyone is a measure of economic democracy. This right to work does not mean slave labour as in communist countries. Work should not only give a means of livelihood to a person but it should be of the choice of that person. If for doing that work the worker does not get a proper share in the national income, he would, be considered unemployed. From this point of view a minimum wage, a just system of distribution and some sort of social security are necessary.

  • Excerpts from Sri Deendayal Upadhyay on Aspects of Economics