Author Archives: navayugbharati

The Youngest Spy of Bharat – Saraswathi Rajamani


Saraswathi Rajamani – The woman was India’s youngest spy, 16-year-old Saraswathy Rajamani, who smuggled secrets for the Indian National Army’s intelligence wing.

Rajamani was born in Burma, in 1927. Her father owned a gold mine and was one of the richest Indian in Rangoon.He  was a staunch supporter of the freedom struggle; he settled down in Burma to escape arrest by the British authorities.

As Rajamani grew up, she started hearing a lot about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and his Indian National Army. While she had always supported the nationalist movement wholeheartedly, it was Netaji’s powerful words that kindled a fervour in her to fight for her nation.

When Rajamani was 16 years old, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose visited Rangoon to collect funds and recruit volunteers for INA. Netaji  gave a inspiring speech. Deeply impressed with his fiery speech, Rajamani removed all her expensive gold and diamond jewellery and donated it to the Indian National Army.

This generous action did not fail to attract the attention of Bose who, on enquiring, found out that Rajamani was the daughter of one of the wealthiest Indians in Rangoon. Netaji went to Rajamani’s home and met her father. Netaji told her father about Rajamani’s jewellery donation and returned all the jewellery. Her father just smiled in reply as he himself was a donor for the cause of freedom. However Rajamani was stubborn and was not ready to take back her jewellery. Netaji had left with no option. Rajamani was not satisfied with just the donation. She requested Netaji to recruit her in his army. From then, Netaji called Rajamani as “Saraswathi”.

Netaji joined her in training as nurse. Rajamani agreed however she had a urge to do more. She joined the training and during her training as nurse she noticed that a man from INA was giving valuable information to Britishers. She informed about this to Netaji. Observing her intellectual and spying skills, he recruited her as a spy at the age of 16,  along with another girl called Durga.

Durga and Rajamani both dressed up as boys and British officers’ houses, responsible of intercepting valuable military intelligence from the British agents and handing it over to the INA. They not only provided information but also provided them with guns from the British officers homes. It was dangerous job but both the brave girls did it with ease and confidence.

One day Durga was caught by Britishers. INA spy’s have been instructed that if anyone was caught, others should escape without trying to help them. However Rajamani did not want to leave Durga in such a situation. Rajamani disguised herself and tried to escape Durga. They both escaped successfully but the process of escape Rajamani got shot in her right leg. Rajamani Saraswathi is still living in a small apartment in Chennai.

Born in a rich family and dedicated her life to the cause of freedom is now struggling to meet her ends.




Anandi Gopal Joshi

Anandi Gopal Joshi  was the first Bharatiya woman to obtain a degree in Western medicine. She was also the first Hindu woman to do so, and is also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil.

Noticing Anandibai‘s interest, her husband Gopal Rao helped her receive education and learn English.At age of 14, Anandibai gave birth to a boy. But the child survived only ten days because the necessary medical care was unavailable. This situation proved a turning point in Anandibai‘s life, and inspired her to become a physician.
Gopalrao encouraged his wife to study medicine. In 1880, he sent a letter to Royal Wilder, a well-known American missionary, stating Anandibai‘s interest in studying medicine in the United States, and inquiring about a suitable post in the U.S. for himself. Wilder offered to help if the couple would convert to Christianity. This proposition, however, was not acceptable to the Joshi couple.


Theodicia Carpenter, a resident of Roselle, New Jersey, happened to know about Anandibai‘s desire to learn medicine and she wrote to them, offering Anandibai accommodation in America. An exchange of many letters between Anandibai and Theodicia ensued, in which they discussed, among other things, Hindu culture and religion.Anandibai‘s health was declining but Gopal Rao decided to send Anandibai by herself to America for her medical studies despite her poor health. She was apprehensive, but Gopalrao convinced her to set an example for other women by pursuing higher education.

Anandibai addressed the community at Serampore College Hall, explaining her decision to go to America and obtain a medical degree. She discussed the persecution she and her husband had endured. She stressed the need for Hindu female doctors in Bharat, and talked about her goal of opening a medical college for women in Bharat. She also pledged that she would not convert to Christianity. Her speech received publicity, and financial contributions started coming in from all over India. The then Viceroy of India contributed 200 rupees to a fund for her education.

In late 1886, Anandibai return to Bharat, receiving a warm welcome.
The princely state of Kolhapur appointed her as the physician-in-charge of the female ward of the local Albert Edward Hospital.

Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar

Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar was born on January 17, 1905, at Dahanu, near Mumbai.
Dattathreya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Bharatiya mathematician who described several classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and Self numbers and discovered the Kaprekar constant, named after him. Despite having no formal postgraduate training and working as a schoolteacher, he published extensively and became well known in recreational mathematics circles.
Calculations thrilled him. He started trying to find the shortest possible routes to solve mathematical problems. He used to spend hours solving mathematical puzzles and problems. In 1927 he won the Wrangler R. P. Paranjpe Mathematical Prize for an original piece of work in mathematics. In 1929 he took his B.Sc. from the Fergusson College in Pune and became a school teacher.
Kaprekar constant:
It is the number 6174. To see how it is constant, take any four digit number in which not all digits are alike. Arrange the digits in descending order and reverse them to make a new number. If this process is repeated with the remainders, eventually, say, in eight steps or more, the constant 6174 is arrived at and this number then itself.

Two Hindu boys shot in Pakistan’s Sindh province over blasphemy allegations


Two Hindu boys shot in Pakistan’s Sindh province over blasphemy allegations. One of the victims, 17-year-old Dewan Sateesh Kumar, succumbed to his injuries while his friend Avinash is in a critical condition, media reports said.

Two Hindu teenagers were shot in Pakistan’s Sindh province over allegations of Quran desecration today (July 27) while another was arrested for blasphemy. One of the victims, 17-year-old Dewan Sateesh Kumar, succumbed to his injuries while his friend Avinash is in a critical condition, Dawn reported.

The incident comes a day after a Hindu man was arrested over blasphemy charges in Ghotki area of the province, which shares its border with India. According to reports in the Pakistani media, one Amar Lal was arrested and booked for blashphemy after massive protests by Muslims in Ghotki. “A Hindu man was arrested for allegedly desecrating Holy Quran following massive protests and shutdown by Muslim community in Ghotki District of Sindh,” a report in the Dawn stated.

Communal tension in Sindh 

Tension prevails in Sindh following the arrest of Amar Lal. Police claims Amar is suffering from psychotic disorder. Shops remained shut and other daily activities remained affected in response to a shutdown called by Muslims in Ghotki. Several protesters blocked the national highway passing through the town causing a huge traffic jam. Shops owned by Hindus also remained shut. Sindh was in news recently when Hindus in the region had raised objections over the sale of shoes with ‘Om’ inscriptions. Hindus had staged massive protests in the region over reports of sale of such footwear.

Blasphemy Law

Section 295 (B) of the Pakistan Penal Code deals with blasphemy under which over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy from 1987 to 2014. The vast majority of the accusations were lodged for desecration of the Quran.


The story of Raju Nag of Chota Chindanaar :

-Dr.Mukund Karmalkar


A medical camp was fixed in Chindanaar Village of naxalite dominated Abujmarh region of South Bastar – was threatened to be cancelled for certain intra-village rivalary. It was Dec’ 12, 2015. A space was requested in near-by govt. school. I could feel a tensed up Dr.Ram Godbole. In a staff room adhocly cleared up for patient’s checkup and testing – a dusty lady walked in with her little son saying that her son takes frequent breaks while playing and had a frail health. As fear rose in my mind – I nervously put my hand on his chest – and felt the blood rushing thru’ causing chest movement. I called in Dr.Ram Godbole and he could also hear the murmur of blood flow. We decided to investigate further. But, it was difficult to explain the parents. The suspicion was that the child had a Congenital Heart Disease but it required to confirm the diagnosis. For that imaging studies were required to be done. We took the address of the child and the Arogya Rakshak JITU went with parents to his home – so that he could be followed up. Next was the challenge before us about how to image his heart. We requested for a meeting with Dantewada collector and asked him for permission to use the Ultra sound machine at the district hospital of Dantewada. He immediately accepted the proposal but said that I need to conduct a medical camp at the hospital open for all in Dantewada. We decided to accept it as otherwise the patients have to be shifted to a very distant place just to come to a diagnosis.

Dr. Ram Godbole worked hard in explaining to the parents the need to take the child to district hospital and which was at last accepted when Jitu told that he will pickup and also drop back the child after the test and all this took a couple of months to achieve – which indicates the challenge required to be faced to advance each small step in this area – sometimes making you feel why at all we need to struggle? and for whom ?

On an evening of February when I was scanning after a hectic medical camp schedule – Jitu walked in with the child into the ECHO room. Dr. Ram Godbole was there. As I put the probe on his chest it clearly showed that there was defect in the wall dividing upper part of his heart called ASD ( Atrial septal defect ) – so the pure and impure blood got mixed up before it was pumped into circulation! ! It meant that there was no pure blood in his circulation so obviously his capacity to exert was less and development was stunted…. Dr.Ram Godbole was worried as I told him this needs to be corrected as early as possible as the life of child was at stake. It was a impossible for the family to afford an ICR ( Intracardiac Repair ) at a distant place. But, fortunately Koparkarji of Pune had told us about an institution in Raipur – about 500 miles off this village – SAI SANJEEVANI – which undertook such surgeries. We took the cue and Koparkar helped us in getting an appointment with the paediatric cardiologist – Dr. Yogesh Sathe.. We travelled to Raipur in April and met him and had a very warm yet robust interaction… As, everything was set and all threads woven the child was shifted with his sister to Raipur by Jitu. Dr.Ram Godbole stayed put at Raipur as the diagnosis was confirmed at Sai Sanjeevani. Dr.s decided to immediately conduct the surgery on the child and RAJU NAG was successfully operated on 26/04/2016. He had got a new life. With a quick and good postoperative recovery

Raju Nag has been discharged and is normal child now. Koparkarji’s Krudatnyata Trust, Pune; Vanavasi Vikas Samiti, Chattisgarh and Sai Sanjeevani Hospital, Raipur – bore all the expenses. It is a success story of organised effort to which Dr. Godbole played a central role. It is a success story of a Arogya Rakshak’s effort called Jitu Bek. It is a story of weaving a garland for our motherland called Bharat and an experience in national integration. There are many such Raju Nags waiting for us to locate and touch. May all of us contribute in this effort to our might.