Category Archives: Uncategorized

Rashtriya Swadeshi Suraksha Abhiyan

राष्ट्रीय स्वदेशी सुरक्षा अभियान

While teaching history lessons, the teacher asked the pupils: “When did our Bharat get Independence?”

The students answered in chorus: 15th August 1947.

“At what time?”, asked the teacher…

“Exactly at 12 midnight”, replied the students at ease.

The teacher then asked: “Ok! Good. When did we lose Independence?”

This time, the children were perplexed by the question and none of them could answer!

What a pertinent question in today’s scenario! Truly, it is difficult for anyone of us to pin point a date on which we lost out independence.

The process of losing a country’s independence begins from the time when it starts losing its economic independence. Trade and commerce play a vital role in the economic wealth of every nation. History reminds us that these trade imbalances in the past had forced India to accept foreign rule.

De-Globalisation imperative: Self-reliance & economic Sovereignty

Today, the world is witnessing the rise of a new America, which is trying to protect its interests more vehemently and more systematically by way of local hire policies and visa restrictions, “Be American-Buy American” and “America First” sentiments.  It is walking out from international agreements, such as Paris Climate Change in keeping with the interests of its country.

There was sub-prime crisis; there were fears around disintegration of European economy post the “Brexit”, technology shifts, and the new developments after Donald Trump’s victory. The “JOBLESS GROWTH” due to automation and mechanization is evident in the fact that jobs are being displaced despite the expansion and integration of economies. The “de-globalisation” seems to be the new paradigm heading towards bilateral trade of pre-globalisation era.

Is “Protectionism” still a bad word?

Not anymore! The America’s new regime is the latest example with their overhaul of immigration policies and new visa restrictions on movement of skilled labour, import restrictions, etc. The disintegration of European Union and post “Brexit” economy, all’s not well in the so called ‘Developed’ liberal countries.  The world has woken up to the new international game of “SURVIVAL”.

Ironically, when the realization dawned upon the world community that the rules of the game are unjust, we still fail to wake up to see the new world order!

The rise of Bharat and other Asian economies is causing panic in the geographies where free trade was once preached and propagated. The West is worried about the “China price” which has become the biggest global threat to many countries including USA, Europe and India.

On 24th July, 1991, Dr.Manmohan Singh through his Union Budget declared the liberalization and free-trade policies and subsequently India joined the WTO in 1995 for full economic integration with the rest of the world. (China in WTO since 11 December 2001).

The process of Globalisation started in India in the year 1991. India has suddenly opened the macro-economic flood-gates to join un-calibrated Globalisation, without any debate in the Parliament or in the public discourse, after decades of Socialism slumber. The then Finance Minister in 1991, Dr.Manmohan Singh in P.V.Narasimha Rao Government was hailed as the architect of Free Market Economy or Globalised Economy in India. In 2016, the policy of Globalisation in India completed 25 years. It is a reasonably long time to evaluate India’s experiences with Globalisation. During this period of 25 years – 1991-2016, we have conducted and completed many years of planning under Planning Commission and also recently introduced a new system called NITI Aayog.

The broad Parameters for evaluation of economic growth over this 25 year Globalisation period are set by Dr.Manamohan Singh himself. In his first broadcast to the Nation as Prime Minister on 24th June 2004 (UPA Government) , Dr. Manamohan Singh told: “Growth is not an end in itself. It is a means to generate Employment, banish Poverty, hunger and homelessness and improve the standard of living of our people. It must also be environmentally sustainable.” The success or failure of the Globalisation Policy can be evaluated with reference to our achievement in the goals of,

a) Employment Generation,
b) Eradication of Poverty, (Hunger & Homelessness),
c) Improvement in the standard of living of people,
d) Environmental sustainability of Growth.

After completing 25 years of its economic integration and embracing the West, India is now witnessing a new world order of “de-Globalisation” and reinforced “protectionism” from the same countries who gave us wisdom on capitalism, preached and promoted Globalisation!

In the face of LPG transformation (Liberalization, Privatisation and Globalisation) that went on for the past 25 years, India has witnessed economic downfall w.r.t industry and manufacturing sectors.

Swadeshi Jagaran Manch (SJM) headed by Mananeeya Late Sri Dattopant Thengadi – “Rashtra Rishi”, as we revere him, had forewarned this global meltdown and the imminent threat from China’s economic invasion. He was one of the well-known exponents of Swadeshi movement, which has reappeared five decades after India attained freedom, in the face of a sudden onset of un-calibrated Globalisation.

Swadeshi Jagaran Manch is a “movement” and not an organization

Historically, India has been viewed as being far less vulnerable to global financial crises than other large economies because, it was much less integrated with the global economy than countries like, say, US or China. Today, the growing “Trade-GDP ratio” (indicator of Globalization) indicates the opposite as true. The World Bank data shows that this ratio was around 20% in 1995 and has increased to over 44% in 2015. This was higher than the trade to GDP ratio of the US, Japan or China. During the 1997 Asian financial crisis, India escaped relatively unscathed. However, this will become more complex and challenging in the days to come, if we do not increase the domestic demand and purchasing power locally.

On one side, we are witnessing the downfall of free trade economies that have impacted India and the rest of the world. On the other, India is economically challenged by China and also politically flexing its muscles w.r.t Arunachal Pradesh and North-East Bharat.

Indian Armed forces are on an eternal vigil safeguarding our borders and protecting us from China threat geographically, while economically, it is incumbent on every citizen to secure the internal security of the nation by exercising our duty at an individual level.

India has signed various international treaties since independence and bound to it’s moral and legal obligations. The decades of such treaties and agreements which are against country’s interests cannot be called off at one go. Hence, the recourse to working away with such difficult treaties is for the citizens of the country to join hands. Only questioning the government or delegating the responsibility of blocking the Chinese imports is not sufficient but we need to boycott/shun China’s products and reject their economic invasion and support our National interests at individual levels and organization levels. As the saying goes, Democracy is “by the people, for the people and of the people” and “People’s Jurisdiction” is the ultimate authority in accepting or rejecting the goods.

Hence, the only viable recourse to enable the government in policy formulations is to boycott en-mass all the Chinese products. This will indirectly help the government to take appropriate measures to safeguard our national interests in saving and creating millions of jobs.

History is replete with examples of revolutions being brought about by commoners. No task and service however small, is unimportant like the little squirrel and Vanaraas who helped Maryada Purushottam Sri Rama, Mavali tribal warriors specialized in guerrilla warfare helped Shivaji, Rana Pratap teaming up with Bhills to oust Mughal invaders, Chanakya raised Chandragupta from being a commoner into becoming emperor to protect Bharat Varsh and Dr.Hedgewar who built a gigantic organization like RSS only with few Swayamsevaks…!!

“A small number of people who are a ‘creative minority’ make values live in this world”- Arnold Toynbee.

Let us all come together and participate in this Swadeshi Suraksha against China’s economic aggression.

चीनी वस्तु बहिष्कार करो – बोलो वंदे मातरम

China is using its currency “Yuan” to combat risk of a market-meltdown. It has been using “currency manipulation” (daily currency fixing) as an insurance policy against a full-scale market meltdown. A sharp selloff in China’s stock market, a surprise currency devaluation and a persistent slowdown in economic activity have raised doubts about the ability of China to maintain the hyper-growth levels of the past two decades.

Strike when the iron is hot. The time has come for India to take on China, as China is now experiencing many economic and political challenges from within as well as neighboring countries while going through the crisis of market melt-down. This market melt-down was analysed by many Indian and foreign media. “India Today” magazine carried a special issue with cover page “China Meltdown” highlighting how India can take advantage of that situation.

We as Indians must support and purchase indigenous Indian-made products and boycott the products of China in particular. There was a similar movement sometime back on Social Media (through Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp) during the festive season of “Deepavali”, to boycott “Chinese-made crackers” and purchase only Indian-made crackers (brands such as Sivakasi). There was overwhelming response that had forced China to withdraw its cheap crackers from the market, which were illegally dumped in Indian market. This movement has also enabled the present Indian government to ban Chinese crackers. China could not put any pressure on the Indian government against this successful campaign.

It is imperative for India to become “self-reliant” once again and strive for the economic sovereignty. Swadeshi Jagaran Manch therefore, calls upon all the citizens of Bharat to participate in “Rashtriya Swadeshi Suraksha Abhiyan”, an economic freedom movement paving the way for India’s economic independence and counter the economic invasion by China (“Vitteya Aakraman”).

This effort requires coming together of all nationalists – political parties, associations, trader communities, farmers, economists, academicians, students, labour organizations and all Swayamsevaks of social and voluntary organizations to work in this awareness campaign and counter China’s economic aggression. We can start the campaign by first educating each and every household, about the ill-effects of Chinese goods that have encroached stealthily into our daily life.

This Abhiyan is scheduled to begin from 6th – 20th, August 2017 and will be conducted at various forums, Schools, Colleges, Hostels, individual houses, apartments, Professional associations (CA, Doctor, Engineers, Lawyers, hoteliers, trader communities) to collaborate and spread the message of Swadeshi and Swavalamban with emphasis on boycotting / rejecting China goods at all levels (micro and macro).

India has trade deficit with 27 countries

India’s top trading partners: at a glance

Source: The Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Dept. of Commerce, Government of India; Wikipedia.

Balance of Trade with China:

If the countries’ exports are more than the imports, then that economic situation is called as “Favorable Trade Balance” (a.k.a “Trade Surplus”). On the other hand, if the countries’ imports are more than the exports, then it is called “Unfavorable Trade Balance” (a.k.a “Trade Deficit”).

There is a growing trade imbalance in terms of excess of imports over exports to China. As per the data available, there is a steady increase in India’s trade deficit with China. The trade volume has reached to almost 50% only with China compared to the whole of India’s international trade.

Import of Capital goods

Though, India’s economic relations with China dates back to ancient times, the bilateral trade with China in the globalised world has only started in 1991. In a short span of time, the trade between the two countries has grown to such an extent that China became India’s largest trading partner in 2008. This has picked up only since 2001, but how come China has turned out to be largest trading partner within just decades?

The capital goods imported from China alone amounted to USD 150 billion plus. India’s import from China is three times more than its exports to China. The UPA government had eased customs and excise tariff to facilitate their entry into India with the least fiscal resistance and consciously ran current account deficits of USD 339 billion. This means what? – To that extent India has lost its wealth to other nations. Who gained from India’s loss? Not America, nor England, Germany, France, Japan, or Russia – countries friendly to India. But it is China. From 2006, year after year, it has been the single biggest beneficiary of India’s import orders.

Bharat is very good market for capital goods. Infact, the whole of Europe put-together is less than the size of Bharat, the third largest economy. The import of capital goods raising such large bills of hundreds of billions, most of which Bharat could make in its own backyard, has drained out a third of India’s GDP under nose of the UPA Congress’s regime in just a decade. The UPA Congress was therefore the architect of the huge deficit syndrome with China!

Why China is our biggest threat?

China behaves like a friendly nation on the surface, while cunningly shows military and economic aggression all along. On the other hand, China shares deep friendly relations with Pakistan, which is another enemy country of India, which is perpetrating terrorism through “proxy-war” across the border day-in & day-out. Infact, China has always behaved as an enemy country since 1949 when they became a communist nation.  While China supports Pakistan directly, it is covertly attacking India through economic invasion (“Vitteya Aakramana”).

For the last 10 years, on many occasions China has opposed anti-terrorism laws on the proposition at United Nations. It has blocked India’s entry into NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) – a group of supplier countries of nuclear material such as Uranium. China has also obstructed the flow of Brahmaputra water flowing into India, and also aggressively pursuing infrastructural projects in Pak-occupied Kashmir with its expansionist attitude. Many a times, it has violated border agreements by trying to encroach through incursions and behaving like an enemy country. Hence, there is absolutely no doubt that China is India’s biggest enemy.

India’s border with China:

India had “zero Km” of border with China in 1947. Today, India’s border with China is 3,488 Km (with Tibet & Xinjiang) as per the Ministry of Home Affairs website.

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese controlled territory. Upon independence in 1947, the government of India used the Johnson Line as the basis for its official boundary in the west, encompassing “Aksai Chin”. However, India did not claim the northern areas for including in India’s territory. On 1st July 1954, Prime Minister Nehru wrote a memo directing that the maps of India be revised to show definite boundaries on all frontiers. Upto this point, the boundary in the “Aksai Chin” sector, based on the Johnson Line, had been described as “un-demarcated”).

As per the records of Ministry of Commerce, China’s export of goods to India is worth Rs. 4.25 Lac Crores approximately. However, everyone knows that some of the products that have been exported from China are unaccounted, which do not carry proper bills, and the goods that have been billed seems fake. It is estimated that the real exports from China to India amount to more than Rs. 6, 00,000 Crores, while our exports to China is a mere Rs. 60,000 Crores which is ten times less than our imports!

As of now, India’s import bill from China is so high that we do not have this scale of supply from any other country. Because of China’s cheap quality products being dumped at a low price, it has destroyed many Indian Small Scale Industries leading to more than one Crore unemployed.

By increasing consumption of China products, we are not only strengthening their economy but also decreasing our currency value. It is high time we wake up and realize that China which has always behaved as an enemy country, has to be boycotted, shunned and their products be restricted, else our economic and job creating sectors will be affected to an extent that they cannot be revived, which is a serious matter.

China’s Economic Invasion:

China’s military and strategic aggression against India is visible to the whole world and makes news instantly and frequently. However, its economic aggression is much more dangerous.

Until 1991 when India’s liberalization policies were started, India’s bilateral trade with China was minimal, bore no consequences and was insignificant. But in last the 25 years, our economic relationship with China has sky-rocketed so much so, that by 2011 China has become India’s largest trading partner and it continues to dominate our economy. The bilateral trade balance was a paltry USD 265 million in 1991 which has crossed USD 70.73 billion by 2016. India’s current bilateral trade with China is larger than its combined bilateral trade with Britain, Germany and Japan.

Increase in Trade Deficit

Importing in excess to one’s Exports is called “Trade Deficit”. A country facing the challenge of huge trade deficit will lose exchange powers in the international market. In this scenario, between China and India, China is immensely benefited, whereas India is in a frightening situation. India has been facing this challenge of trade deficit with China for quite some time now. The trade between India and China is drying up to India’s disadvantage. The trade deficit of such a magnitude is a matter of high concern for India.

In 2001-02, India’s trade deficit with China was a mere 100 Crore USD. In 2015-16, this has reached USD 5300 Crore. From the table below, we can see how the Trade Deficit with China has increased under the UPA regime.

As we can see from the table, under 10 years of UPA rule from 2004-05, what started as 9 hundred Crore USD deficit, has reached 3900 USD which is four times increase!

During this period, the total trade deficit was 204 hundred Crore USD. (If there is Trade Surplus (i.e, if Exports > Imports), then the country’s wealth is considered to be increased, which will reduce the trade deficit subsequently).

Since 2006-2014 under UPA government, India’s wealth has reduced by a total of 204 hundred Crores USD (i.e, 9+16+23+19+28+39+39+31). In other words, we have increased India’s principal enemy’s wealth by 204 hundred Crore USD.

Under NDA rule in the first year, in 2014-15, the trade deficit has touched 48 hundred Crore USD. Finally, it has reached 53 hundred Crore USD, a maximum until 2015-16!

Flood of Chinese goods into Indian Market:

In the last 10 years, China’s goods are being flooded into the Indian market in the name of low price, which is world famously known as “China price”. Knowingly or unknowingly, the Chinese goods have been creeping into our households in every aspect and product category, so much so that even “mosquito-racket” market is monopolized by China, which by the way is neither reliable nor eco-friendly. Because of the “China price”, the local vendors are unable to compete. Basic household items like battery torch, pen pencil, kitchen utensils, and plastic toys. Some of these products like Shirt buttons, belts, photo frames, knives, scissors, idols of Ganapathi, Budha, Kite threads are smuggled into India via Nepal.

As a consequence of all this, the enterprise of Sivakasi crackers in Tamilnadu, the enterprise of Aligarh Lock industry in Uttar Pradesh, the toys and idols industry in Channapattana of Karnataka and lacs of dependent families and skilled laborers of these industries have become homeless. Also, the enterprise of component manufactures of Electronics and Power industries, Silk industry (“Reshmi”) in Rama Nagara of Karnataka, have also reached the stage of closure. This is leading to cessation of small scale industries. Under the stringent directives of judiciary, Gujarat and many other state governments have notified the ban on use, sale and purchase of Chinese “Manja” for the kite-flying which is made of razor sharp nylon thread and plastic/synthetic material. The court has issued directions to take necessary steps to prohibit manufacture, use and sale of synthetic kite flying thread like ‘Chinese manja’.

The “Automobile Tyre Manufacture Association” (ATMA) has asked government of India to impose “anti-dumping” duty on Chinese made radial tyres, expressing the concern that India’s tyre industry may close down affecting the whole automobile industry. Kerala cultivates natural rubber; hence that industry will also be affected heavily because of Chinese tyres. Similarly, Steel pipes manufacturing sector has also been affected by China products.

“Unfair Trade Practices” and WTO

China is selling the products at subnormal and “predatory price”– in other words for losses! This is called “dumping” in the macroeconomics parlance which is also WTO terminology. If a company exports a product at a price lower than the price it normally charges on its own home market, it is said to be “dumping” the product, which is considered as “unfair competition”.

Many governments take action against dumping inorder to defend their domestic industries and economic sovereignty. In India, the concept of Unfair Trade Practice draws a parallel from the previously applicable Monopoly Restrictive Trade Practice (MRTP) Act, 1969 which has been replaced by the Competition Act, 2002 and multiple times amended by the Competition (Amendment) Act in the years 2007, 2009, 2011 to discipline the Predatory pricing, Cartel, M & A (Merger & Acquisition), etc.

However, for the governments to challenge the companies against dumping with “anti-dumping” duty, the WTO legal procedure is very complex and tedious. The products being dumped have to be sent to laboratories for tests; the actual product price has to be evaluated by gathering data on production costs at source and the whole cost-benefit analysis worked out. The WTO agreement does not pass judgment. Its focus is on how governments can or cannot react to dumping — it disciplines anti-dumping actions, and it is often called the “Anti-Dumping Agreement”. The WTO agreements mandate to uphold the principles, and also allow exceptions in some circumstances. Three of the issues are:

  • actions taken against “dumping” (selling at an unfairly low price)
  • subsidies and special “countervailing” duties to offset the subsidies
  • emergency measures to limit imports temporarily, designed to “safeguard” domestic industries.

There are many different ways of calculating whether a particular product is being dumped heavily or only lightly. The agreement narrows down the range of possible options. It provides three methods to calculate a product’s “normal value”. The main one is based on the price in the exporter’s domestic market. When this cannot be used, two alternatives are available — the price charged by the exporter in another country, or a calculation based on the combination of the exporter’s production costs, other expenses and normal profit margins. And the agreement also specifies how a fair comparison can be made between the export price and what would be a normal price.

Calculating the extent of dumping on a product is not enough. Anti-dumping measures can only be applied if the dumping is hurting the industry in the importing country. Therefore, a detailed investigation has to be conducted according to specified rules first. The investigation must evaluate all relevant economic factors that have a bearing on the state of the industry in question. If the investigation shows dumping is taking place and domestic industry is being hurt, the exporting company can undertake to raise its price to an agreed level in order to avoid anti-dumping import duty.

Detailed procedures are set out on how anti-dumping cases are to be initiated, how the investigations are to be conducted, and the conditions for ensuring that all interested parties are given an opportunity to present evidence. (Source: Understanding WTO Agreements)

The government is bound to WTO and any action taken based on the above laws and procedures has limitation. In democracy, “People’s Jurisdiction” is the ultimate authority in accepting or rejecting the goods. The “consumer” plays a vital role in the nation’s economics discourse. If we as consumers are convinced, we can always reject the products. This will empower the government to reconsider its policies and convince the WTO of the same.

America: America too is facing the similar threat from China. China can produce many consumer goods for lower costs than other countries can. Americans ofcourse like any other country want these goods for the lowest prices. How does China keep prices so low? Most economists agree that China’s competitive pricing is a result of these factors:

  • Strategy of “Export at any cost” (in other words for losses!)
  • Low standard of living, which allows companies in China to pay lower wages to workers.
  • Exchange rate that is partially fixed to the dollar.

This means that many American companies cannot compete with China’s low costs. As a result, US-manufacturing jobs are lost. From time to time, legislators try to impose tariffs or other forms of trade protectionism against China to bring back the jobs.

There is a famous book titled “A Year Without Made In China: One Family’s True Life Adventure In The Global Economy” authored by Ms.Sana Bongiorni  – an American home maker. The book has become the best seller across the world.

China is selling its sub-standard goods at such low prices that people are attracted to buy them. This has led to large scale, medium-scale and small-scale industries to shut down. This inturn leads to China acquiring “monopoly” status in Indian market. Once China monopolizes the market, it can play with the “pricing” strategy to their advantage. Once the Indian industry closes completely sector by sector, then the Indian economy becomes weak, which is what Chinese want.

There is another reason why China is selling its goods at subnormal prices. China is a communist country where there is no democracy, no fundamental rights for people and “Free Press” unlike India, and the government forcibly buys land from the farmers by paying very less compensation and sells it to manufacturing industries. In China, Right to Land is a contractual management for limited period. Farmers are exploited; Agricultural laborers/workers have no rights and hence are paid minimal wage and made to work in double shifts as bonded laborers; even prisoners are made to work in the factories. By doing so, they are managing to keep the daily wages minimal thus saving labour costs. Along with his, they are providing electricity to the industries at a very low cost. They also make sure their currency “Yuan” stays at minimum all times – this is called as “Currency manipulation”.

These are the some of the short cuts that China’s communist government manages the pricing to be low compared to any other international market pricing. And that is how they are able to “dump” their goods into international markets aggressively.

Look at the China’s share in various manufacturing goods across the sectors:

Value vs. Volume:

India’s imports from China include Power generating machines, Telecommunication towers, Solar-power panels and equipment for a high “Capital goods” in high Volumes. Whereas, India exports low capital goods such as raw leather, raw cotton, iron ore and other such metals. On the subject of Buffalo meat, out of the total of India’s exports of Buffalo meat, 45% share goes to China alone.

In this way, by importing high capital goods and exporting low capital (low Value) goods, we are witnessing Trade Imbalance and Deficit. India is not only importing raw materials from China, but also importing finished goods which are taking a toll on the trade balance and domestic market.

Look at the below figures of our imports and exports for the recent years:

In the year 2012-13, we have been able to export only 25% compared to imports. In 2013-14, we have been able to export only 35% compared to imports. In the 2014-15, we have been able to export only 25% compared to imports.  This indicates that our exports w.r.t imports are dwindling rapidly.

‘Formal’ and ‘Informal’ sectors:

The informal sector, is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government. Unlike the formal economy, activities of the informal economy are not included in the calculation of gross national product (GNP) and gross domestic product (GDP) of a country.

This terminology is a colonial construct, explains Prof.R.Vaidyanathan in his column hereThe informal sector consists of all economic activities that remain outside the official institutional framework (statutory control and implications and governmental regulation). Consequently, the government has little control over the quality of employment. Generally, agricultural activity does not come under the purview of the informal set. This usage has come from Latin-American countries, where US experts have identified a large number of economic activities not regulated by government and many of them “underground” in nature – hence the term `informal.’

China’s attack is happening on both formal and informal sectors. Whereas 90% of the employment is provided by these faceless people, the informal sector is not given more importance and incentive. Informal sector plays a vital role in Bharat. China is not allowing import of Indian goods using unfavorable trade practices.

To reduce this trade deficit with China, the then Prime Minister of India, Dr.Manmohan Singh had once persuaded the authorities of China to purchase more & more Pharmaceuticals, Information technology products and buffalo meat, etc from India during his visit to China. However, that effort did not yield any positive outcome. Since then onwards even after 2014, all the government’s efforts have not been able to yield any result.

In the month of September’ 2014, when China’s President Mr.Xi Jinping visited India, there were 16 agreements made with the new NDA government under Prime Minster Narendra Modi. Among those agreements, there were these investment plans China has pledged to invest in India:

  • Modernization of India’s ageing railway system with high-speed links and upgrade.
  • Set up industrial parks in Gujarat and Maharashtra. To this effect, the government of Gujarat has identified 400 acres of land & the Maharashtra government has identified 1250 acres land.
  • Give more market access to India to products, including pharmaceuticals and farm products.
  • 20 hundred Crore USD worth Investment opportunity for China

To correct the “trade imbalance” between India and China, the new Indian government thought of extending a huge investment opportunity to China as compensatory. However, this remedy seems to be more harmful than the disease! Once the investment opportunity is given to enemy nation China, they will transfer the entire profits (double/more the profits than they currently extract from India) in large scale with absolutely no barriers. There will be collateral damage that will destroy the India industry forever and survival itself becomes difficult. Indian economy will then be at the mercy of China!

Inspite of opening up so many sectors for investments and liberalization, in return, China did not give any such opportunities for Indian industries to flourish in China.

Mobile/telecom manufacturing sector dependent on China imports

Telecom subscriber base in India has grown substantially in the recent decades. India is currently the second-largest telecommunication market and has the third highest number of internet users in the world. India’s telephone subscriber base expanded at a CAGR of 19.96 per cent., reaching 1058 million during FY07–16. In March 2016, total telephone subscription stood at 1058 million, while tele-density was at 83.36 percent, which will contribute substantially to India’s GDP, according to report prepared by GSM Association (Source: IBEF).

The Mobile manufacturing industry has also picked up keeping up pace with the speed of technology. Many local phone-maker companies have also sprung up giving tough competition to the international players.  However, this has become more of a ‘screw-driver technology’, meaning assembling units for multi-national companies than indigenous in reality, as most of the manufacturing is still being done overseas.

Why? The mobile manufacturers have taken advantage of importing phones as “semi-knocked down” kits (SKD)” with most components already soldered to the main circuit-board (PCB) of the handset. These kits are brought in as components at “zero duty” and then simply assembled into devices with value addition of just 1-2 per cent.

On the other hand, if the phone companies were to import “completely knocked down” (CKD) kits, it would push up the local value addition to 7-10 per cent as the assembling requires more labour and a proper assembly line. But due to “zero duty” on SKDs, most brands prefer to do just a screwdriver job.

With components largely imported from China, local value-add remains low. The ‘Make-in-India’ programme for mobile phones is perhaps helping China more!

Industry experts say, policies encouraging CKDs will kick-start the overall mobile phone manufacturing industry in India. In the last two years, 40 new handset manufacturing units and 30 mobile components/accessory units started operations in India. Indigenous production of handsets has gone up from 11 crore units valued at ₹ 54,000 crore in 2015-16 to 17.5 crore units at ₹90,000 crore in 2016-17. (Source: Hindu Business Line article May 12, 2017, Phones ‘Made in India’, cash registers ringing in China).

Pitching for duty

Formal representations to the government were made by mobile industry bodies (such as MAIT – Manufacturers Association for Information Technology), requesting the government to impose a 12 per cent duty on the import of SKD kits. In 2014, 260 million mobile handsets, valued at close to $18 billion, were sold in India. Keeping aside the distribution margins, taxes and duties, the annual import bill amounts to $12 billion. (Source: The Hindu Business Line, Dec’ 10, 2015)

Local value-addition

The numbers are big, but the total local value-addition done is small — less than 6 per cent at as at end 2016. The total value of mobile phones sold in India in 2016 was about $12 billion (cost to manufacturer) on a retail value of $16 billion. Of this, only $650 million worth of value-addition was done locally. That comes to 5.6 per cent. Essentially, Indian companies continue to run screwdriver shops. To increase value-addition in India, last year the government has enforced 12.5 per cent duty on imported batteries, chargers and headphones, pushing most manufacturers to source these components locally.

The latest reports suggest that the Government is set to levy a customs duty of at least 10 per cent on imported mobile phones (and accessories) under GST to safeguard (and retain) benefits passed on to local manufacturing, but, it is yet to make an official announcement on the same. Imported phones and parts are still expected to cost more or less the same, but, the move would surely encourage players to rather Make in India than elsewhere.

1st’ July 2017, Update: Government of India imposes 10% Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on imported mobile equipment:
(In a notification late night on 30th June 2017, the department of revenue said that the government took the decision “on being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest so to do.” The government in a press release issued on July 1st added that 10 per cent BCD had been imposed on “Cellular mobile phones and specified parts of cellular mobile phones like charger, battery, wire headset, Microphone and Receiver, Key Pad, USB Cable“. India’s telecom trade promotion organizations, TEMA (Telecom Equipment Manufacturers Association of India), CMAI (Communication Multimedia and Infrastructure), Indian Cellular Association and domestic telecom manufacturers have welcomed the government’s move to impose 10 per cent basic custom duty (BCD) on charger, battery, wired headset, microphone receiver, key pad, USB cable. They mentioned that the decision to impose BCD would also clear any roadblocks in the way of a long-term manufacturing roadmap that offers tax benefits to those making mobile phone components within the country. It would also increase local value addition to 35-40% from the current 6%).

13 July’17, Update: SJM demands termination of Chinese Metro coach contract:

Press Release: The Swadeshi Jagran Manch has demanded termination of contracts to Chinese manufacturers for Metro coaches. SJM in a letter to the Prime Minister on 13th July, 2017 stated that the claim of “Make in India” is a farce since the Chinese resort to assemble the parts in place of manufacturing. “Two recent announcements are worrying us, which include Chinese company SAIC Motor Corporation Ltd, the joint venture partner of General Motors, taking over its India manufacturing plant at Halol in Gujarat and state owned China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation (CRRC) – getting a go ahead to set up metro rolling stock manufacturing unit in Multi-Modal International Cargo Hub and Airport in Nagpur” the SJM convenor Ashwani Mahajan has stated in a letter to the Prime Minister.

China as sympathizer of Pakistan’s sponsored Terrorism against India

India was the most affected nation by terrorists like Maulana Masood Azhar, Zaki-ur-Rehman, Syed Salahuddin, etal., from Jaish-e-Mohammed of Pakistan on 26/11 terror attacks in Mumbai and also recently in Pathankot Airforce station in Punjab state of India.

Whenever India adopted a resolution against these terrorists at United Nations to declare them as terrorists, China has opposed it and used its veto power at UN to show its hatred towards India.

China has blocked a similar move by USA’s resolution to designate Pakistan-based militant group chief Maulana Masood Azhar as a terrorist by the United Nations (UN), barely weeks after India’s similar efforts were blocked by China.

In all such cases where strong action was sought from China against terrorist organizations Lashkar-E-Taiba, Jamaat-Ud-Dawa, etc, China had either ignored or acted against all such moves to declare them as terrorists, thus proving its dislike against Indian state.

China’s military exercise at Pakistan-Occupied Jammu-Kashmir (PoK) & Infrastructure Development

China has occupied about 38,000 Sq.Km of India’s territory during the 1962 war. Pakistan has also occupied illegally 5,183 Sq.Km land belonging to India which is now with China. More so, Pakistan has occupied 68,000 Sq.Km in Jammu Kashmir Gilgit-Baltistan area, where China and Pakistan in MoU have started Economic Corridor, despite India’s opposition. China along with Pakistan has been continuously interfering with India’s border.

Economic Corridor (CPEC, OBOR, SEZ): China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a collection of infrastructure projects that are currently under construction throughout Pakistan. China claims, CPEC is intended to modernize Pakistani infrastructure and strengthen its economy by the construction of modern transportation networks, numerous energy projects and special economic zones.

Recent Chinese reports claim that following the launch of CPEC in Pakistan, the country has received investments worth more than the originally valued at USD 46 billion; which is is now worth USD 62 billion!

Another new deal called One Belt One Road (OBOR) with China, an ambitious project which was signed in Kathmandu (Nepal), would allow development of cross-border connectivity and more with China by the countries – Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Myanmar, Bangladesh and Nepal. With the exception of Bhutan, which has no diplomatic ties with China, every other South Asian country has signed into OBOR.

As per China, the “One Belt One Road” initiative was meant to focus on improving connectivity and cooperation among Asian countries, Africa, China and Europe, with emphasis on enhancing land as well as maritime routes. The policy aims to boost domestic growth in the country as per China claims. Experts have noted that OBOR is also a part of China’s strategy for economic aggressive diplomacy.

India has not only boycotted Xi’s OBOR summit but has also portrayed OBOR as an opaque, neo-colonial enterprise seeking to ensnare smaller, cash-strapped states in a debt trap. India has raised objections and refused to join the OBOR initiative because of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which is a part of OBOR and it passes through India’s territory and in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) affecting India’s sovereignty.

China blocks Brahmaputra tributary – impact on water flow in India

The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia, a trans-boundary river which flows through China, India and Bangladesh. China’s had threatened to block Brahmaputra tributary “Yarlung Zangbo” from flowing into India thus exposing its cunningness. China is diverting Brahmaputra river water by building up five huge tunnels for power generation and thereby causing decrease in the amount of water flow to India.  The state of Assam is constantly under threat of being flooded because of the dam built across the Brahmaputra tributary by China. The Zangmu Dam is a gravity dam on the Yarlung Zangbo/Brahmaputra River 9 km (5.6 mi) northwest of Gyaca in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

China’s opposition to India’s entry into NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group)

India has so far has not been able to become member of NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) only because of China’s opposition, while most of the countries are supporting India.

China opposes India’s permanent membership in UNSC

India is the only country that had supported China in the late 1950’s to get permanent membership of United Nations Security Council. Ironically, China is now opposing India’s permanent membership of UNSC.

China’s constant incursions into India’s territory

China with its expansionist attitude is transgressing India’s territory about 300-450 times a year thereby politically and economically weakening Bharat.

China claims about 90,000 Sq.Km land along with the state of Arunachal Pradesh as their territory, and constantly obstructing India’s developmental plans that have been taking place in that area.

China shares a border of about 4057 Km length territory with India, where it has built roads and rail connectivity in the entire stretch, supplies electricity and also has good infrastructure and has established nuclear plant very close the India’s border. In addition to all these, China allocates about five times India’s Defense budget and further expanding.

China is expanding its Defense base in Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, who are India’s neighbours., while these countries (Sri Lanka & Bangladesh) have out-sourced their Ports maintenance to China.

China claims Arunachal Pradesh as part of their territory representing Arunachal Pradesh in their official maps, and so much so that they have ‘relaxed’ visa norms to the extent that China invites the residents of Arunachal Pradesh through “stapled visas” (in other words no visa is required to cross over and thus asserting Arunachal Pradesh their part of the country).

When China came to know that when ex-Prime Minister of India, Dr.Manmohan Singh was visiting Arunachal Pradesh, the state of India called as “सूरज की धरती” or “the land of rising sun”, China has rushed to wake up India’s Ambassador to China (Nirupama Rao) in the wee hours at 2:00 AM on 21st, March, 2008 and staged its protest and threatened India of its consequences. The then PM Manmohan Singh was forced to return from Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh and discontinued his visit to other places.

Chinese troops have stopped KAILASH MANASAROVAR Yatra:

Kailash Manasarovar Yatra (KMY) is known for its religious value, cultural significance. It is undertaken by hundreds of people every year. Holding significance for Hindus as the abode of Lord Shiva, it holds religious importance also for the Jains and the Buddhists.  It is open to eligible Indian citizens,holding valid Indian passports, who wish to proceed to Kailash-Manasarovar for religious purposes. Ministry of External Affairs does not provide any subsidy or financial assistance to Yatris. (Source: http://kmy.gov.in/kmy/noticeboard.do?lang=en_US)

China has refused entry to the first batch of some 50 pilgrims, who were supposed to travel to Kailash Mansarovar, via Nathu La in Sikkim. Chinese troops have also stopped the batch of pilgrims that was proceeding for Kailash Mansovar yatra. Ministry of External Affairs organizes this Yatra during June to September each year through two different routes – Lipulekh Pass (Uttarakhand),and Nathu La Pass (Sikkim).

Chinese troops transgress Sikkim sector in Doka La in Sikkim

Very recently in this month of June’2017, our brave jawans of Indian Army formed hard stop in the form of “human wall” along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) to stop Chinese PLA incursions and transgresses Doka La in Sikkim state of India. In the name of PLA wanting to build a road at Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction, China is using all its nefarious tactics to transgress into India’s territory.

These incursions have become a trend whenever India makes global news. China is nervous and adopting cheap tactics of intimidating diplomacy across the border states of North East. The bunkers have been destroyed in Lalten area of the Doka La area.

It is not the first time that such a transgression has happened at the Doka La, a place at the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction. The Chinese forces had in November 2008 destroyed some makeshift Indian army bunkers at the same place.

It’s time India used its most powerful weapon against China: Trade”– says the Geo-strategist and defense expert Sri Brahma Chellaney in his column in HT, 30 June 2017.

He writes: “by importing $5 worth of goods from China for every $1 worth of exports to it, India not only rewards Chinese belligerence but also foots the bill for Beijing’s encirclement strategy.

He has also cautioned thatChina is waging a psy-war through media… Make no mistake: Despite the cozy ties with Washington, India, essentially, is on its own against China. It needs to bolster its border defenses and boost its nuclear and missile deterrent capabilities”.

Our Responsibility at Individual & Societal level:

The questions that were raised against un-calibrated globalization remain un-answered.

  • Is it possible in near future for a Single World Currency?
  • “Perfect Competition” vs. Monopoly, Oligopoly (Unfair competition).
  • IPR issues and technology denials– Growing issues on Intellectual Property rights & court cases under WTO arbitration.
  • Multi-lateral free-trade agreements turning out to be impractical?
  • Basic construct of Globalisation and free trade was built on “Cooperation” rather than “Competition“. Is this truly working that way?
  • Restrictions on free movement of Skilled labour across continents.
  • Are we heading towards De-Globalization?

Obviously, there are geo-political factors that cannot be ignored. How can the world then talk of ideas and innovations and interplay of ideas, but yet fight for IPR and patents?

Every nation has to do its own SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats). Likewise, Bharat also needs to have “its” own model of sustainable development based on Agriculture & Employment-centric manufacturing, which is truly a Swadeshi model of “production by masses” and not “mass production“.

The government must also strive to negotiate the international agreements of trade and commerce on our own terms & conditions.

To attain economic sovereignty, the nation has to become self-reliant. We can only achieve this goal through our individual and social responsibility.

Swadeshi Jagaran Manch therefore appeals to,

  • Completely boycott China products and services
  • Create awareness in our localities to boycott China products and services
  • Traders to shun the China products from selling
  • Create awareness about China’s cheap / low quality products and fake food products. (Eg: Plastic rice, cheap quality and low grade Cancer causing toys, etc).
  • Spread the awareness through Social Media
  • Join the Swadeshi-Suraksha campaign meetings, seminars, rallies.

Let us all join hands in large numbers and participate in Rashtriya Swadeshi-Surakhsa Abhiyan and make it a grand success, starting on 6th August’ 2017. #BOYCOTTCHINA

(Courtesy: Based on the seminar talks and inputs from Sri.B.M.Kumaraswamy, renowned Economist, Retired Professor in Economics and Clean environment expert, Akhil Bharatiya Sah-Samyojak, Swadeshi Jagaran Manch).

References:

  1. The Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Department of Commerce, Government of India.
  2. The Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  3. The WTO Organisation Website.
  4. Kailash Manasarovar Yatra website, The Ministry of External Affairs, Government of india.
  5. Swadeshi Jagaran Manch
  6. Various business news paper reports and magazines referred in the article.
  7. Wikipedia.

How Ayodhya Ram Mandir was demolished and how RJB movement evolved: A Timeline of events

Here is a s a brief timeline: 

1528 AD – Mir Baki, the Commander-in-Chief of Babur destroys the Shri Rama Janmabhoomi Temple at Ayodhya

76 –the number of battles that have been fought from 1528 till 1934

Anatomy of these 76 battles fought by several generations of Hindus to reclaim the Shri Ram Janambhoomi temple

During Babur’s rein
1528 –1530 AD
4 battles were fought

During Humayun’s rein
1530 – 1556 AD
10 battles were fought

During Akbar’s rein
1556 –1606 AD
20 battles were fought

During Aurangzeb’s rein
1658—1707 AD
30 battles were fought

During Nawab SaadatAli’s rein
1770—1814 AD
5 battles were fought

During Naseeruddin Haider’s rein
1814 —1836 AD
3 battles were fought

During Wajid Ali Shah’s rein
1847 –1857 AD
2 battles were fought

During British regime
1912 till 1934 AD
2 battles were fought

So the Hindu Society fought a total of 76 battles till the year 1934.

Ram Janmabhoomi has been a people’s movement right since 1528 when Babur’s commander Mir Baki destroyed the temple.Every generation since 1528 has been fighting to claim the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi temple…and each generation did whatever they could to take the movement forward.

Right since 1528 Hindus have constantly surged ahead in their fight to secure the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi site.

The year 1934
After a few Muslims slaughtered a cow in Ayodhya, a pitched battle ensued between the Hindus and Muslims…the butchers who had slaughtered the cow were decimated…..and subsequently the Hindu society attacked the Babari structure thereby damaging all its three domes and took possession of the Babari structure.

However, Britishers forcibly took back the Babari Structure from Hindu Society and imposed a penalty on Hindus to carry out repair work of the damaged domes.Since 1934 no Muslim has ever dared to enter the premises of Babari structure.

Is the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi a political movement?
No certainly not. For Hindus, a temple at the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi is not an issue of mere bricks and mortar.It is an issue of our cultural resurgence and identity, where Shri Rama, as maryada purushottam, has a prime place of importance. The movement is an expression of the collective consciousness of the Hindu ethos.

In destroying the Babari structure, does it not mean that the present day Muslims are being asked to pay a price for the mistakes of those who indulged in vandalism and destruction?

The real issue is how the present day Muslims view the Babari structure. Do they consider it as their holy place? If the answer is yes, then they end up owning the barbarism of Babur and others like him. The right way for Muslims is to distance themselves away from such vandalism and barbarism of the past. When the Germans are asked to apologise for the crimes of Hitler, they do not hesitate to do so, clearly indicating that they do not own Nazism.

Hindus have asked for a peaceful return, through judiciary and negotiations, of only three of their holy sites (Ayodhya, Mathura and Kashi) that were vandalised. Hindus are not asking for thousands of other temples that were plundered, looted, destroyed and mosques were built thereupon.

What has been the case with similar historically vandalised sites?
In 1918 in Warsaw, at the end of first Russian occupation of Poland (1614-1915), one of the first things that Polish people did was to bring down the Russian Orthodox Christian Cathedral that was built by Russians in the centre of the town. This was done despite the fact Poles are Christians by faith and Jesus Christ was worshipped in that Cathedral. The Poles demolished the Cathedral built by Russians because they viewed the Cathedral not as a place of worship rather a structure that reminded them of their slavery.

Around the 12th century, Spain was conquered by Moors and the people were forcibly converted from Christianity to Islam. In the 16th century, when Christians recovered the whole of Spain from Moors they gave Muslims in their country only three choices—reconvert to Christianity,leave the country along with the Moors, or be killed. All the Muslim places of worship were converted back to Christian churches. This re-Christianisation was also done with force.

Why do we need to have a grand temple at the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi, in place of the existing functional temple?
The Shri Ram Janmabhoomi movement is not only about bricks and mortar, but as the one that will restore honour of the nation and its culture. People take great pride inand receive inspiration from temples which signify their glorious past. This can be done only when we have a proper and full-fledged temple at the site.

Is it true that the foundation stone for temple was laid by a person who belonged to the Vanchit Varg?
Yes, Shri Kameshwar Chaupal of Bihar had the honour of laying the foundation stone of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi temple on November 10, 1989. It is a clear sign of the immense unifying power of the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi movement.

Archaeological evidence
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) after extensive excavations has established it beyond doubt that there did exist a grand temple at the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi site that was razed down to build Babari structure. The excavations done by ASI establish that the Janmabhoomi site was occupied prior to 7th century BC.

Literary Evidence
(a) Sanskrit Literature
(b) Books by Muslim writers, and
(c) Works and reports by foreign writers.

Sanskrit Literature
Several Sanskrit epics, Purans, Upanishads, poetries and religious scriptures from the timeof Maharishi Valmiki till modern days have numerous instances that Ayodhya is the birth place of Shri Ram. There is also a detailed description about several holy places pertaining to Shri Ram in the AyodhyaMahatmya wherein the significance of Shri Ram Janmabhumi Mandir is narrated after mentioning the location of this Mandir.

Epics— Valmiki Ramayana, Ram Upakhyan of Mahabharat (Van Parva), Yog Vasisth, Adhyatma Ramayan, Raghuvamsh etc.

Poetries:- Ramgeet-Govind, Geet Raghav, Ram Vilas, Ram Ashtak etc.

Dramas:- Pratima, Abhishek, Uttar Ramcharit, Hanumannatak, Prasanna Raghav, Ramabhyudaya etc.

Akhyan:- Bruhat Kathamanjari, Champu Ramayan, Katha Saritsar etc.

Purans:- Vishnu, Brahmand, Vayu, Koorma, Padma, Skanda, Narad etc.

Upanishads:- Ramottar Tapaniya, Ram Rahasya etc.

Other Religious Scriptures:- Jaiminiya Ashwamedh, Hanumat Vijaya, Hanumat Sanhita, Bruhat Koushal Khand etc.

Books by Muslim Writers

1. Sahifa-e-Chahal Nasa-ih-Bahaddur Shahi : by the daughter of Alamgir, son of Bahadur Shah (End of 17th century and beginning of 18th century)
The Masjids, which have been built on the basis of orders of Badashah (Ba Farman-e-Badashahi) are not permitted to hold Namaz prayers, nor to read the Khutba therein. The Hindus (Kufr) have lot of faith in the Hindu temples situated in Mathura, Benaras, Avadh etc. Like the birth place of Kanhaya, Sita Rasoi (kitchen), Hanuman Sthan, where he had sat in the proximity of Shri. Ramachandra on return after the Lanka victory. All these places were destroyed and Mosques were built on those spots only with a view to display the Islamic power. These Masjids have not been given the permission to hold Juma and Jamiyat (Namaj offered on Juma). But it was made mandatory not to worship any idols in them nor should any sound of conch shells be allowed to fall on the Muslim ears…

2. Hadika-e-Shahda by Mirzha Jan – 1856
Mirza Jan, who claims that he has studied various ancient sources indepth, asserts in his statements that the earlier Sultans did encourage the propagation and glorification of Islam and trampled the non-believers (Kufr) i.e. Hindu forces. Thus they redeemed Faizabad and Avadh of this mean tradition (Kufr) …… This (Avadh) was a very big centre of worship and the capital city of the kingdom of Ram’s father. There was a majestic temple on the spot a huge Musjid was constructed there on and a small canopy Mosque (Kanati Masjid) on the spot, where there was a small Mandap. The Janmasthan temple was the original birth place (Maskat) of Ram. Adjacent to it, there is the Sita Rasoi. ……Sita is the name of Ram’s wife. Hence Badashah Babar got constructed a tall (Sarbuland) Masjid on that spot under the guidance of Moosa Ashikan. The same Mosque is known as Sita Rasoi till today.

3. Fasana-e-Ibrat: by Mirza Rajab Ali Baig Sarur
During the regime of Badashah Babur, a grand Mosque was constructed on the site pertaining to Sita Rasoi in Avadh. This was the Babari Masjid. Since the Hindus were not strong enough to oppose, the Masjid was constructed under the guidance of Sayyad Mir Ashikan…..

4. Gumgasht-e-Halat-e-Ayodhya Avadh : by Moulavi Abdul Karim (Imam of Babari Musjid) – 1885
While giving details of the Dargah of Hazarat Shah Jamal Gojjari, the author writes that there is Mahalla Akbarpur on the east of this Dargah, whose other name is Kot Raja Ramachandra also. There were some Burz (Large cells with domes) in this Kot. There were the house of birth (Makan Paidaish) of the above mentioned Raja (King) and the Rasoi (Kitchen); besides, the western Burz and this premise is presently known as Janmasthan and Rasoi Sita. After demolishing and wiping out these houses (i.e. Janmasthan and Sita Rasoi), Badashah Babar got constructed a grand (Ajim) Masjid on that spot.

5. Tarikh-e-Avadh : by Allama Mohammed Nazamul Ghani Khan Rampuri – 1909
Babar constructed a grand Mosque under the protection of Sayyad Ashikan on the very same spot where once stood the temple of Janmasthan of Ramachandra in Ayodhya. Just adjacent to it stood the Sita Rasoi the date of Mosque construction is Khair Banki (Al Hizri 923). Till today this is known as Sita Rasoi. That temple stands just beside this…..

The names of the books written by some other Muslim authors which have the quotations confirming the construction of Masjid after destroying the temple are as follows:-
* Zia-e-Akhtar : by Haji Mohammed Hassan – 1878
* Kesar-ul-Tawarikh or Tawarikh-e-Avadh Vol.II : by Kamaluddin Hyder Hussain Al Hussain Al Mashahadi.
* Asrar-e-Haqiqat : by Lachhami Narayan Sadr Kanongo Assistant of munshi Moulavi Hashami
* Hindostan Islami Ahad : by Moulana Hakim Sayid Abdul Hai – 1972

Works and Reports by foreign authors
1. History and Geography of India : by Joseph Typhentheller – 1785
Babur constructed a Masjid after demolishing the Ram Janmsthan temple…and using its pillars. Hindus refused to give up the place and they continueto come to that place in spite of the efforts by Mughals to prevent them from coming there. That they constructed a platform called Ram Chabutara in the compound of the Masjid. They circumambulate it for three times and prostrate flat on the ground before it. They were following this devotional conduct at Ram Chabutara and inside the Masjid also.
2. Gazeteers of the Province of Oundh – 1877
This confirms that the Mughals had destroyed three important Hindu temples and constructed Masjids on those places. Babar built Babari Masjid on Ramajanmbhumi in 1528
3. Faizabad Settlement Report – 1880
This report confirms the fact that Babar got constructed the Babari Masjid in 1528 on the place of Janmasthan temple that marks the birth-place of Ram.
4. The Court Decision: by Judge Colonel F. E. A. Chaimier While reading out his decision on the Civil Appeal No. 27 of 1885 after personally inspecting the site of the Babari Masjid, the district judge had said, “It is most unfortunate to have built a Mosque on the land, which has been considered as holy, especially by the Hindus. But the time of finding a solution for this complaint has lapsed. Because this event has taken place 356 years ago.”
5. Indian Archaeological Survey Report: by A. Fuhrer – 1891 Fuhrer accepts that Mir Khan had built the Babari Mosque on the same place of Ram Janmabhumi by using several of its pillars. He has further confirmed that Aurangzeb had similarly constructed two other Mosques at Swarg Dwar and Treta Thakur Mandir in Ayodhya.

6. Barabanki District Gazeteers : by H.R. Nevil – 1902— Nevil states that a number of conflicts arose between Hindu priests of Ayodhya and the Muslims from time to time about the piece of land, where upon once stood the Junmasthan temple, which was destroyed by Babar and a Mosque was constructed on that place.

7. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition Vol. I – 1978 :- There is a mention of constructing a Mosque by Babar in place of a temple that existed on the birth place of Ram prior to 1528 AD. A photograph of the existing structure is also given in this Encyclopaedia, which has been referred to as a Mosque constructed on the birth place of Ram in Ayodhya of Uttar Pradesh state in India. Similar information were furnished in its earlier editions as well.

Other books
8. Travel Report : by William Finch – 1608-11
9. Historical Sketch of Faizabad ; by P. Carnegy – 1870
10. Imperial Gazeteer of Faizabad – 1881
11. Babar Nama (English) : by Enete Beberis – 1920
12. Archeological Survey of India – 1934
13. Ayodhya ; by Hans Becker – 1984
14. Ram Janmbhumi V/s Babary Musjid : by Coenrad Elst – 1990

Examination of the evidence submitted by the All India Babari Masjid Action Committee
None of the documents submitted by them have any evidentiary value and are merely opinions of people with political inclinations.There is no testimony that could show that Babur or any other Muslim Chieftain saw a vacant plot of land in Ayodhya and thereupon ordered the construction of a Masjid there.

Efforts to posit Buddhism against Shri Ram does not hold ground. The fable of Shri Ram finds a place in Buddhist Akhyanas. It has been very proudly said in the Buddhist sources that Buddha belonged to the Ikshwaku clan as Shri Ram did.They have tried to question the historicity of Ramayana by asserting that there are many versions of Ramanayana. Yet again this does not hold ground. There are two different stories about the creation in Bible. Two different genealogies are given about Jesus. In fact, every story of Jesus’s life is given by authors differently in various Gospels. But no serious intellectual conclude from this that Jesus was never born.

Three Judges of the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court
1. Justice Dharam Veer Sharma
2. Justice Sudhir Agrawal
3. Justice Sibghat Ullah Khan
Date of Judgement: September 30, 2010
* The total area is approximately 1,480 square yards or 13,320 square feet.
* Two of the three judges have ordered for allotment of 1/3rd area to each of the three main Plaintiffs (complainants) respectively—Nirmohi Akhara, Muslims and Ramlala Virajman. The court has dismissed the suitof Sunni Waqf Board.
* The Government of India had acquired about 70 acres of land surrounding the disputed premises. This land is other than the disputed area and is in the possession of government of India.
* Although the suits were heard by a three-judge special bench of the Lucknow Bench of

Allahabad High Court, yet the three judges wrote and delivered their judgments separately since this court was functioning like a trial court.
1. Excerpts from Verbatim Gist of the findings by Justice Dharam Veer Sharma
2. The disputed site is the birth place of Lord Ram. Place of birth is a juristic person and is a deity. It is personified as the spirit of divine worshipped as birth place of Lord Rama as a child. Spirit of divine ever remains present everywhere at all times for anyone to invoke at any shape or form in accordance with his own aspirations and it can be shapeless and formless also.
3. The disputed building was constructed by Babar, the year is not certain but it was built against the tenets of Islam. Thus, it cannot have the character of a mosque.
4. The disputed structure was constructed on the site of old structure after demolition of the same. The Archaeological Survey of India has proved that the structure was a massive Hindu religious structure.
5. It is established that the property in suit is the site of Janm Bhumi of Ram Chandra Ji and Hindus in general had the right to worship Charan, Sita Rasoi, other idols and other object of worship existed upon the property in suit.
It is also established that Hindus have been worshipping the place in dispute as Janm Sthan i.e. a birth place as deity and visiting it as a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since time immemorial. After the construction of the disputed structure it is proved the deities were installed inside the disputed structure on 22/23-12-1949 (December 22/23, 1949). It is also proved that the outer courtyard was in exclusive possession of Hindus and they were worshipping throughout and in the inner courtyard (in the disputed structure) they were also worshipping. It is also established that the disputed structure cannot be treated as a mosque as it came into existence against the tenets of Islam.

Excerpts from the Verbatim Gist of the findings by Justice Sibghat Ullah Khan
1. It is not proved by direct evidence that premises in dispute including constructed portion belonged to Babar or the person who constructed the mosque or under whose orders it was constructed.
Excerpts from the Verbatim Gist of the findings by Justice Sudhir Agarwal
1. The area covered under the central dome of the disputed structure is the birthplace of Lord Rama as per faith and belief of Hindus.

What kind of evidence did the three Judge Bench go through before they gave out their verdict?
The Judges took into account evidence from Muslim scriptures, Muslim Waqf Act, Hindu scriptures, Skanda Puran, Historical accounts written by Muslim historians, the Diary of a French Jesuit Priest Joseph Tieffenthaler, Gazetteers and books written by British officials and historians, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Carved stone blocks and inscription found from the debris of the structure, report of the Ground Penetrating Radar Survey (GPRS), report of the GPRS-inspired excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and oral cross-examinations and statements of approximately 85 witnesses.

Why did Ramlala win?
A Praan-Pratishthit Vigraha (deity) is a living entity that can fight its own case, and is a juridical person. But being a perpetual minor the Praan-Pratishthit Vigrahathereforeneeds a guardian to fight its legal battles. Late Shri Deoki Nandan Agrawal, a retired judge of Allahabad High Courthad filed Sri Ramlala’s case as the deity’s Next Friend. According to Hindu scriptures and the Present Law the deity can hold the propertyand nobody can have adverse possession over it.
Further, the place being Janmasthan of Bhagwan Shri Ram is not merely a property but being sacred the place itself is a deity and is worshipped. It can also fight its own case as Plaintiff (complainant). This provision in the Hindu scriptures has been there since time immemorial and the Courts of Law always accepted these accreditations.

Why was the case of Sunni Waqf Board Dismissed?
The Muslim Scriptures and Law lay down that no Wakf can be created on another’s property (the Deity’s seat, the Deity’s Home or the Temple) and Namaz offered in a Mosque thus erected is not accepted by Allah. In the eyes of law, therefore, the three-domed structure did not exist.
Neither Babur nor his commander-in-chief Mir Baki were the owners of the disputed site and so it could not be offered to Allah. Further, even if it is accepted for the sake of argument that Muslims were in occupation of this site since 1528, then also it was never continuous, uninterrupted and peaceful. Long occupation does not endow ownership rights. Moreover, the Waqf Board had to divulge as to whose property did Babur occupy and whether he did it with the knowledge of true owner. Also, it is the view of the Supreme Court that ‘Mosque’ is not an essential part of Islam, Namaz can be offered anywhere, even in an open ground. The Waqf Board was neither considered by the Court of Law to be the owner of the disputed land nor was the structure in question accepted to be a valid mosque according to Islam. So the Suit No. 4 filed by Sunni Waqf Board was dismissed by the Court declaring it time barred.

Justice Sudhir Agrawal on some of the issues framed in the Suit of Sunni Waqf Board as Plaintiff (Complainant)

1. Whether the building (the three-domed Babari structure) had been constructed on the site of an alleged Hindu temple after demolishing the same?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:– Affirmative, Yes.

2. Whether the building (the three-domed Babari structure) had been used by the members of the Muslim community for offering prayers from time immemorial?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–The building in question (the three-domed Babari structure) was not exclusively used by the members of Muslim community. After 1856-57, outer courtyard was exclusively used by Hindu and inner courtyard had been visited for the purpose of worship by the members of both the communities (Hindus and Muslims both).

3. Whether the plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board) were in possession of the property in suit up to 1949 and were dispossessed from the same in 1949?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:— Negative – Against the Sunni Waqf Board.

4. Whether the plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) have perfected their rights by adverse possession as alleged in the plaint (complaint)?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:– Negative, against the plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) and Muslims in general.

5. Is the property in suit the site of Janma Bhumi of Shri Ramchandraji?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:– It is held that the place of birth as believed and worshipped by Hindus is the area covered under the central dome of the three-domed structure, i.e., the disputed structure in the inner courtyard in the premises of dispute.

6. Whether the Hindus in general and defendants in particular had the right to worship the Charans and Sita Rasoi and other idols and other objects of worship, if any, existing in or upon the property in suit?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:– Affirmative, Yes.

7. Have the Hindus been worshipping the place in dispute as Sri Ram Janam Bhumi or Janmasthan and have been visiting it as a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since times immemorial?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–Affirmative, Yes.

8. Have the Muslims been in possession of the property in suit from 1528 A.D. continuously, openly and to the knowledge of the Defendants and Hindus in general?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–Answered in Negative, against the plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board) and Muslims in general.

9. Whether the building (the three-domed Babari structure) was landlocked and cannot be reached except by passing through places of Hindu worship?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–Yes, to the extent that building was landlocked and could not be reached except of passing through the passage of Hindu worship.

Justice Dharam Veer Sharma on some of the issues framed in suit of Sunni Waqf Board (Plaintiff or complainant)

1. Whether the building in question described as mosque in the attached map was a mosque as claimed by the plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board)
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board)

2. Whether the building had been constructed on the site of an alleged Hindu temple after demolishing the same?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:–Decided in favour of defendants (the Hindu society in general) and against the plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board) on the basis of ASI report.

3. Whether the building had been used by the members of the Muslim community for offering prayers from time immemorial?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:–Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board)

4. Whether the plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board) were in possession of the property in suit up to 1949 and were dispossessed from the same in 1949?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board)

5. Whether the plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) have perfected their rights by adverse possession as alleged in the plaint (complaint)?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board)

6. Is the property in suit the site of Janm Bhumi of Sri Ramchandraji?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board) (and in favour of Hindu society in general)

7. Have the Hindus been worshipping the place in dispute as Sri Ram Janm Bhumi or Janmasthan and have been visiting it as a sacred place of pilgrimage as of right since times immemorial?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) (and in favour of Hindu society in general)

8. Have the Muslims been in possession of the property in suit from 1528 A.D. continuously, openly and to the knowledge of the Defendants and Hindus in general?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiff (Sunni Waqf Board).

9. To what relief, if any, are the plaintiffs or any of them, entitled?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) are not entitled for any relief. The suit is dismissed with easy costs.

10. Whether the building was landlocked and cannot be reached except by passing through places of Hindu worship?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:– Decided against the Plaintiffs (Sunni Waqf Board) and in favour of defendants (the Hindu society in general).

Justice Sudhir Agarwal on some of the issues framed in Suit of Ramlala Virajman (Plaintiff no. 1) and Asthan Ram Janm Bhumi (Plaintiff No. 2) and Next Friend (Plaintiff no. 3)

1. Whether the plaintiffs 1 & 2 (Ramlala Virajman & Asthan Ram Janm Bhumi) are juridical persons?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–Plaintiffs 1 & 2 both are juridical persons.

2. Whether the idol in question was installed under the central dome of the disputed building in the early hours of December 23rd, 1949 as alleged by the plaintiff:
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:–Affirmative. The idols were installed under the central dome of the disputed building in the early hours of 23rd December, 1949.

3. Whether the disputed structure claimed to be Babri Masjid was erected after demolishing Janmasthan Temple at its site?
Justice Sudhir Agarwal’s Answer:– Affirmative (Yes).

Justice Dharam Veer Sharma on some of the issues framed in suit of Ramlala Virajman (Plaintiff no. 1), Asthan Ram Janm Bhumi (Plaintiff no. 2) and Next Friend (Plaintiff no. 3)

1. Whether the disputed structure claimed to be Babari Masjid was erected after demolishing Janmasthan Temple at its site?
Justice Dharam Veer Sharma’s Answer:–Decided against Sunni Waqf Board and in favour of the plaintiffs. (So in general, Justice Sharma decreed that the disputed Babari structure was indeed built after demolishing the Shri Ram Janmasthan temple).

Courtesy: K Bharat on Wednesday, April 19th, 2017 at TheIndianVoice (http://theindianvoice.com/how-ram-mandir-demolished/)

A number of articles are blogged at AriseBharat:

  1. Ramjanmabhumi-Babri Masjid dispute – Views and Warnings
  2. The gist of judgements (PDF) are available at VHP.org
  3. RSS Sarsanghachalak Video statement on Ayodhya
  4. An Insight into the Ayodhya Dispute – S.Gurumurthy & VigilOnline

Anandi Gopal Joshi

Anandi Gopal Joshi  was the first Bharatiya woman to obtain a degree in Western medicine. She was also the first Hindu woman to do so, and is also believed to be the first Hindu woman to set foot on American soil.

Noticing Anandibai‘s interest, her husband Gopal Rao helped her receive education and learn English.At age of 14, Anandibai gave birth to a boy. But the child survived only ten days because the necessary medical care was unavailable. This situation proved a turning point in Anandibai‘s life, and inspired her to become a physician.
Gopalrao encouraged his wife to study medicine. In 1880, he sent a letter to Royal Wilder, a well-known American missionary, stating Anandibai‘s interest in studying medicine in the United States, and inquiring about a suitable post in the U.S. for himself. Wilder offered to help if the couple would convert to Christianity. This proposition, however, was not acceptable to the Joshi couple.

anandi-bai-joshi

Theodicia Carpenter, a resident of Roselle, New Jersey, happened to know about Anandibai‘s desire to learn medicine and she wrote to them, offering Anandibai accommodation in America. An exchange of many letters between Anandibai and Theodicia ensued, in which they discussed, among other things, Hindu culture and religion.Anandibai‘s health was declining but Gopal Rao decided to send Anandibai by herself to America for her medical studies despite her poor health. She was apprehensive, but Gopalrao convinced her to set an example for other women by pursuing higher education.

Anandibai addressed the community at Serampore College Hall, explaining her decision to go to America and obtain a medical degree. She discussed the persecution she and her husband had endured. She stressed the need for Hindu female doctors in Bharat, and talked about her goal of opening a medical college for women in Bharat. She also pledged that she would not convert to Christianity. Her speech received publicity, and financial contributions started coming in from all over India. The then Viceroy of India contributed 200 rupees to a fund for her education.

In late 1886, Anandibai return to Bharat, receiving a warm welcome.
The princely state of Kolhapur appointed her as the physician-in-charge of the female ward of the local Albert Edward Hospital.

AeroShow 2017 स्वावलंबन के पथ पर अग्रसर

स्वावलंबन के पथ पर अग्रसर … भारतीय वायु सेना

नभः स्पृशं दीप्तम्  – Touch the Sky with Glory — This is the motto of our Indian Air Force, taken from Bhagvad Gita. The Samkrit saying comes at a time in the Kurukshetra battle when Bhagwan Sri Krishna‘s divine form is reaching the sky with glory, evoking fear and loss of self-control in Arjuna‘s mind. The Indian Air Force, similarly, aims to overwhelm its adversaries with its sophisticated air power. The Indian Air Force leading the path towards Self-Reliance… proud to present the #AeroShow2017 event summary…

The eleventh edition of the five-day event began on Tuesday, the 14th February 2017, with Defence minister Sri Manohar Parrikar making a strong pitch for “Make in India”. Asia’s Premier biennial Air show, was concluded at Air Force Station Yelahanka, in Bengaluru on Saturday, the 18th February 2017.

स्वावलंबन के पथ पर अग्रसर …

स्वावलंबन के पथ पर अग्रसर …

Aero India 2017 provided a significant platform in bolstering business opportunities in International aviation sector. It has favourably poised an exponential growth over previous edition. A rapidly growing economy, defence preparedness challenges and opening up of defence production to private sector, have given a major fillip to the defence industry in India. It has also become a hub centre for defence business in the Asia.

Aero India 2017 has become a huge attraction for aviation aficionados and technocrats, who thronged the event in Bengaluru to witness the static and air display. The event turned out to be a carnival during its last two days as lakhs of people thronged the Air Force Station at Yelahanka in Bengaluru to witness the aerial feast. Braving the hot weather, people crawled through heavy traffic on the highway headed to the air base, which presented the picture of a sea of humanity, with crowds jostling for vantage places and craning their necks to witness the daredevilry of aerobatic teams from across the globe.

Besides, 65 ministerial and other high-level delegates from several countries that attended the event, the exhibition at the show saw participation from 549 companies, out of which 270 were Indian and 279 foreign. A five-member Chinese delegation from the People’s Liberation Army Air Force attended the show for the first time!

More than 750 Global and Indian companies have participated in this mega event, including scores of SMEs and MSMEs.

  • Ministerial/Defence Heads/Secretary Level Delegations From 109 Countries
  • More Than 150000 Business Visitors & 300000 General Visitors
  • The Youth Innovative Pavilion
  • India Export Pavilion
  • Airport Infrastructure
  • Defence Engineering
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Civil Aviation
  • Defence Aviation
  • SME and MSME

The companies participated in the Aero India 2017 is listed at the AeroIndia website.

The Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, भारत ‘s premier Aeronautical industry leader (HAL) took the lead along with other companies in sponsoring this mega event in showcasing the majesty and the might of Indian Defence forces. Among others were defence technology manufacturing companies such as Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL), Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Eight TATA Industries, Wipro’s services for Aerospace and Defense Industry, Reliance Aerostructure Limited and many proud SMEs (Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) and MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises). Many foreign firms including the global majors like Dassault Rafale, Airbus and Boeing chased the #MakeinIndia goals at air show!

The main themes of this event are #MakeInIndia and #DefenceManufacturing. The Make in India plan seeks to cut the country’s dependence on imported weapons and position the country as a hub of defence manufacturing.

tejas3

Tejas, the Indian single-seat, multi-role light fighter jet was the main highlight and a great source of pride. This fighter jet was designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Navy. The aircraft has a tail-less compound delta-wing configuration, which gives it high maneuverability. The LCA was officially named “Tejas” in 2003, meaning “Radiant” in Samskrit by the then Prime Minister Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa, who took over as the head of the Indian Air Force two months ago, did a 20-minute sortie in the Light Combat Aircraft developed by Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd., Tejas.

India signed 51 contracts valued at Rs 1.16 lakh crore with foreign vendors for buying weapons and equipment, compared to 90 deals worth Rs 83,344 crore inked with Indian suppliers, in the last three years. The defence ministry has also accorded its acceptance of necessity – the first step towards making an acquisition – for 85 projects worth Rs 1.6 lakh crore in the last two years. Many of these projects come under the Make in India plan.

Airbus has partnered with the Tata Advanced Systems Limited to set up a final assembly line for C295W military transport planes in the country. The C295Ws will replace the Indian Air Force’s ageing Avro fleet as part of a $2-billion programme for 56 new planes. While 16 of these will come in a flyaway condition, the remaining will be built in India.

Airbus has also tied up with Mahindra Defence for manufacturing military helicopters. The group aims to make India the global hub for manufacturing AS565 Panther helicopters for catering to domestic as well as international markets.

British engine maker Rolls-Royce will also pursue opportunities to “co-create, co-develop and co-manufacture” high-end products in India in collaboration with local partners. “Aero India highlights the complete spectrum of the country’s aerospace and defence interests. For us, this is a significant platform to showcase our continued commitment to support India’s future indigenisation and self-reliance ambitions” said Rolls-Royce India and South Asia chief Kishore Jayaraman. The company exhibited the Adour Mk951 engine, which powers the latest variant of the Hawk aircraft. The IAF’s Jaguar fighter planes have been flying with Rolls-Royce Adour Mk811 engines since 1981.

European missile maker MBDA also believes that the #MakeInIndia initiative holds potential. It has offered to share its latest guided missile system technology with India, and will pitch for it again at the air show.

The IAF’s latest Rafale fighters will be equipped with the MBDA-built Meteor Beyond Visual Range missiles, whose no-escape zone is touted to be three times greater than that of current medium-range air-to-air missiles. It has a range of 150 km. The French aircraft will also be equipped with the MBDA’s Storm Shadow/SCALP missile, which can hit targets at a range of 560 km.

The air show was also witness to the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) delivering the country’s first indigenous airborne early warning and control system (AEW&C) to the IAF in initial operational clearance configuration, bringing it a step closer to induction. An Embraer-145 plane mounted with AEW&C systems took part in the Republic Day parade for the first time last month. India inked a $208-million deal for three Brazil-built Embraer-145 planes in 2008 as part of a DRDO programme to scale up the IAF’s AEW&C capabilities.

The five-day event saw firms from Russia, Europe, Israel and the United States – among others – hard selling their latest armament technologies to India in the hope of partnering with indigenous companies for setting up manufacturing bases that would cater to the military’s future requirements.

(Karnataka Chief Minister Siddaramaiah could not make it to the inaugural of Aero India as he had to reply to the Governor’s address to the joint session of the State legislature. The State government was instead represented by Minister for Large and Medium Scale Industries R.V. Deshpande).

Aero India has already carved a niche for itself globally as a premier aerospace exhibition, with tenth successful editions organised since 1996.

Besides, 65 ministerial and other high-level delegates from several countries that attended the event, the exhibition at the show saw participation from 549 companies, out of which 270 were Indian and 279 foreign. A five-member Chinese delegation from the People’s Liberation Army Air Force attended the show for the first time! More than 750 Global and Indian companies have participated in this mega event in 2017, including scores of SMEs and MSMEs. The various overseas delegations were accommodated over a gross exhibition area of 108,250 sqm.

Memorable moments of the event captured by the author are placed in this Video:

Bhāratīya Vāyu Senā  –  स्वावलंबन के पथ पर अग्रसर …  

Source:

Aero India https://www.aeroindia.in

HAL: HAL Make In India

ET Report: Eight Tata companies-display–of-defence-Aerospace-expertise-at-aero-India

ET Report: Reliance Aerostructure-venture-with-rafale-manufacturer-dassault-aviation

HT Report: Foreign-firms-to-chase-make-in-india

Who Killed Rohit Vemula

In Jan 2016, one of our readers shared this video with us explaining the transition of Rohit Vemula from a boy with dreams, a fan of Vivekananda to becoming a person who called Vivekananda a misogynist to later feeling cheated by his later ideological mates. Watch the Video below

 

The Guntur District Collector has declared that Rohit Vemula was not a #Dalit, ( News link ) meaning he was not from the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. They have also served a notice to Rohit’s mother who had apparently taken a fraudulent SC certificate.

Living a life of falsehood can have a lot of pressure and has the potential to suck up to people who claim to give support.

In his last letter, he wrote

” May be I was wrong, all the while, in understanding world. In understanding love, pain, life, death. There was no urgency. But I always was rushing. Desperate to start a life. All the while, some people, for them, life itself is curse. My birth is my fatal accident. I can never recover from my childhood loneliness. The unappreciated child from my past.”

The vultures who used his death to score political points obviously are the ones who actually showed him false sense of support before driving him to his so-called suicide..

While the debate has been if he was a dalit or not for a few months, it is important to actually expose the forces that target gullible youth to confuse them, create hatred on the system and wean them away from the ethos of our ancient nation. Some of them overtime live a life of emptiness which is amply demonstrated by the letter that Rohit wrote stating that he felt cheated by his own people ( which he later struck off ) . News Link

“In the alleged suicide note written by Rohith, he struck down a few lines which in which he has blamed Ambedkar Students Association (ASA) and Students Federation Of India (SFI) for being power-hungry.

In the text of those lines, he hit out at his student organisations claiming that they exist for their own sake adding that they do not work for the interest of students. He had scribbled that the only aim of these organisations is to get power or become famous adding that the student organisations very often overestimate their acts and find solace in traits.

 “ASA, SFI, anything and everything exist for their own sake. Seldom the interest of a person and these organisations match. To get power or to become famous or to be important in between boundaries and to think we are up to changing the system, very often we overestimate our acts and find solace in traits. Of course I must give credit to these both groups for introducing me to wonderful literature and people,” the letter reads.

Those responsible for misguiding him leading to his eventual death must be exposed to save future generations of youth in the universities of Bharat.